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Week 7 - Organic Chemistry I: Lecture Notes

by: Audrey Hernandez

Week 7 - Organic Chemistry I: Lecture Notes CHEM 2410

Marketplace > University of Toledo > Organic Chemistry > CHEM 2410 > Week 7 Organic Chemistry I Lecture Notes
Audrey Hernandez
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About this Document

These notes cover the basic definitions and process of naming chiral molecules as discussed for the beginning of chapter 4 in week 7 of lectures.
Organic Chemistry 1
Joseph Schmidt
Class Notes
Chemistry, organic, Science, Organic Chemistry
25 ?




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Hernandez on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 2410 at University of Toledo taught by Joseph Schmidt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry 1 in Organic Chemistry at University of Toledo.

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Date Created: 10/09/16
Organic Chemistry I Week 7 Lecture Notes Dr. Joseph Schmidt Arrangement of Atoms ❖ General definitions ➢ Structural isomers ■ Have the same molecular formula, but are put together in different ways ➢ Stereoisomer ■ Have the same molecular formula and atom connectivity but have varying 3D space orientations ➢ Cis isomer ■ Functional groups are on the same side of the line of symmetry ➢ Trans isomer ■ Functional groups are on opposite sides of the line of symmetry ➢ Diastereomers ■ Stereoisomers that aren’t mirror images ➢ Enantiomers ■ Mirror image stereoisomers that are not the same compound ➢ Chiral ■ A property over the entire molecule ■ Mirror images are not superimposable on one another ➢ Achiral ■ A property of the entire molecule ■ Mirror images are identical to one another ➢ Chiral center ■ One atom in a chiral molecule due to the groups attached to it ➢ Stereocenter ■ One atom where two attached groups are interchangeable and create new stereoisomers ❖ Process of naming chiral centers ➢ A process to mainly point out the direction of rotation (right-handed or left-handedness) of a molecule ➢ “R” is reserved for the clockwise moving direction in labeling ➢ “S” is reserved for the counterclockwise moving direction in labeling ➢ Key points in the process: ■ Higher atomic numbers dominate direction with a top priority ■ Number of bonds on an atom are the second in command if there is an atomic number stalemate ● Triple bonds and double bonds are “broken up” and counted at 3 and 2 single bonds respectively


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