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POLS 2306 Week 6 Notes

by: Cindy Cattey

POLS 2306 Week 6 Notes POLS 2306

Cindy Cattey
Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi
GPA 3.6

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Lecture dates 10/3, 10/5, and 10/7 Topics Covered: -Legislation -Governors
State and Local Government
Dr. Paula Arledge
Class Notes
Government, political science, Governors, legislature
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cindy Cattey on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2306 at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi taught by Dr. Paula Arledge in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in Political Science at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi.

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Date Created: 10/09/16
Lecture Notes Week 6 Key ideas Definitions Court Cases Legislative Process cont’d (10/3/16) 7. Conference Committee (temporary, 2-house committee to resolve differences in legislation) o Bicameralism requirement: must pass in both houses in state leg. in exactly the same form o TX 10 members § 5 from each house (Speaker and Lieu. Gov. choose) § they usually choose people who served on the original committee to create a compromise bill 8. Final Passage o In TX, when the bill goes for final passage, no changes can be made during the discussion of the bill o Only yes or no: if it doesn’t pass, the conf. comm. can try to rewrite and hold another vote. If it doesn’t pass by the end of the session, it is dead (must start all over again next session) 9. Governor o Signing: most of the time they sign. They have a great deal of power over the legislature, so he already has influence o Law w/o signature § If the leg. is still in session, he has 10 days to sign/veto/act. At the end of the 10 days, it becomes a law without his signature § If the leg. isn’t still in session, he has 20 days to act § He does this when he doesn’t want to support the law, but he thinks it has enough support to override his veto o Veto: Sends bill back to legislature with a reason for veto (gubernatorial veto) § 2/3 vote to override in both houses, same as Congress § Rarely overridden in TX ¨ The last one was in 1997, and that was the first on in 50 years § Father’s Day Massacre ¨ Rick Perry wanted to show that he was not afraid to veto (he became our longest standing governor) ¨ He didn’t send any representatives to the leg. to send messages of support, and then he vetoed a lot of bills at once § Limited line item veto ¨ Line item veto: can veto specific lines in a bill instead of the whole thing ¨ Limitations: can only veto appropriation measures within bills (money) ¨ Gov. of TX has this power. Rick Perry once line item vetoed the entire public school budget and called the leg. into special session to rewrite it Influences on state legislators o Political Party o Competitive v. Non-competitive states Lecture Notes Week 6 § Competitive: party influence is the greatest. Both parties often get candidates elected (more even split) § TX hasn’t been competitive, so party affiliation hasn’t been as important o Interest groups (in TX, oil and insurance are important groups) • Lobbying § Lobbyists work for interest groups, encourage leg. to vote for things that benefit them and vote down ones they don’t like ¨ Rules have been set for lobbyists (ex: caps on meal costs) • Revolving door § Some of the most successful lobbyists are former legislators § They have connections and know how the process works § Some states have rules on how long you have to wait before becoming a lobbyist after ending your legislative term • Other states o ex: when states saw how lucrative gambling could be, they legalized it as well • federal gov’t o states can never ignore the idea of federal supremacy o occasionally, a state will pass a law that goes against federal policy, as a matter of principle (ex: abortion) § they know the law cannot go into effect, but it shows their state that they don’t support the federal law Governors o Decentralized exec branch: little or no control over the other members of the executive branch because they are independently elected o Early weaknesses: • Early govs were disliked because of Royal English govs • When we created independent states, they had little or no power • Much more powerful now o Legal qualifications (TX): found in the state constitution • Age: 30yrs • Citizenship: US • Residency: 5 yrs Governors’ Political Qualifications (10/5/16) • Gender ® male o Up until now, overwhelmingly male o Far less than 50% of states have female gov. o Women ¨ Widow’s Route: this is how the earliest female governors got their positions (1920s) ¨ Women succeeded tstir husbands after death ¨ “Ma” Ferguson: 1 female gov of TX, her husband was the only gov ever impeached from office Lecture Notes Week 6 ¨ “Pa” Ferguson wanted to have approval over every professor hired at UT (to avoid liberals), and the leg. successfully impeached him ¨ If politicians are impeached, they are banned from ever being in public office again ¨ He was still popular with the public, so he had Ma run with the slogan “2 govs for the price of 1,” and she was elected twice nd ¨ Ann Richards: 2 female gov, our last Democratic gov. ¨ She was a “power player before office” ¨ Served one term (1991-1995) ¨ Defeated by G. W. Bush • Race ® white o Gov position has been overwhelmingly white o There have been more women in office than minorities st o SC: Nicki Haley Indian (1 generation born), female gov • Prior Experience o Virtually all govs have had some gov’t experience o Greg Abbott was attorney general for 8yrs before he became gov • Age o Average is now 40-60yrs old o 1940s was even older o Bill Clinton was 32 when he was elected (AR), and he was the youngest at the time • Political party/ideology o We are a very red state for the foreseeable future (virtually impossible for a democrat to win) o In TX, you need to be a Conservative Republican to run for gov o When Hutchinson ran against Rick Perry he said she was “tainted” by the liberals and moderates in D.C. • Media qualifications o A gov candidate must sell themselves through the media o Rick Perry ® “governor good-hair” • Money o Have to have money to spend on the campaign (a lot comes from interest groups) o 2010 ® $55M combined spending b/t Dem. and Rep. Candidates (raised through interest groups) o Gov position pays $150,000 in salary Governor Cont’d • Terms o TX ® 4yrs (same as most states) § No limits: gov can serve as long as constituents will elect him o Gov is one of the most difficult roles in gov’t because he can’t control his branch (elected positions) Lecture Notes Week 6 o Staff Loyalists: gov is the only person who hires and fires them, and they tend to have long- term relationships with gov (they owe loyalty to him) • Duties § Political appointments: Staff looks at resumes and make suggestions to help gov make appointments § Leg. liaison: some of the gov’s staff spend all of the leg. sessions giving gov’s opinion (day-to-day contact person between the gov and legislators) § Head exec offices: appoints members of his staff to gov’t positions so he has a connection to those offices Roles of Governor (10/7/16) o Chief Administrator: more than any other person, he makes sure things get done. • Appointment/removal: thousands of appointments within the state § Power to remove is limited § Independent authority: Govs in TX can only remove his own appointees w/ 2/3 senate § TX ® gov has his own appointees/counsel • Fiscal/management: passes state budged proposed by governor • Supervision: governor is elected statewide § He can make a difference, and he is expected to make sure his state is taken care of § Pet fields: Governor’s main focuses o Legislative: govs play a big role • Address: he can speak before them, usually before a leg. session opens • Special session: he can call the leg into session (he’s the only one who can do that in TX) § Used as a threat • Veto: threatens a veto if he doesn’t like a bill • Executive orders: if they don’t pass a bill he wants, carries weight of law o Party leader: gov is the leader of the party in state • Greg Abbott is the leader of the Rep. party in TX § TX ® appoints party chairman (works as his representative when he can’t appear, usually someone he agrees with) o Adjudicator: similar to what is done in courts • Board of Pardons and Parole: this agency deals with pardons/paroles, takes power away from gov (as he may misuse it) § Gov can... ¨ Show less clemency/not more (clemency means mercy): He can be tougher than the pardons/parole, but not nicer ¨ 30 days stay of education (one time grant, in case not all parts of the trial are in place) o Military commander: mobilizes the troops • Appoints adjutant general whom the national guard answers to o Chief of State: symbolic role, symbol of the state of TX (Lt gov can become gov if gov can no longer do so) Lecture Notes Week 6 • Vacancy: Lt gov Paul Furgeson was leg. removed • Removal: charged ® trial ® maybe impeached o Impeachments o Recall: removal from the office via recall election § “Should Gov. X be removed from office?” If voters say yes, he is removed § ex: Grey Davis was recalled in CA, so Arnold Schwarzenegger took over o Disability: if he is mentally or physically unable to be gov (must be proved) o Defeat (at the polls)


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