Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood Week 6
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood Week 6 HDFS 311
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Vigil on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 311 at Colorado State University taught by Rotner, Jaime Marie in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
Week 6: Attachment to Parents o John Bowlby and Attachment Theory Enduring and lasting attachment to parents bond Established in the first year of life Secure Attachment Infants used the mother as a “secure base from which to explore” but seek physical comfort and consolation from her if frightened or threatened. Insecure Attachment Infants are wary of exploring the environment and resist or avoid the mother when she attempts to offer comfort or consolation Internal Working Model Cognitive framework, based on interactions in infancy with the primary caregiver that shapes expectations and interactions in relationships to others throughout life. Earned Secure- Creating a secure attachment later on Early attachment to Later Romantic Relationships Secure relationships o Depth in understanding how these experiences has shaped them o Comfortable depending on other people and having other people be dependent on me. Insecure-avoidant relationships o Hard time recalling their childhood o Two sides of the spectrum. “I hate my dad” or “My dad is the best dad” Ambivalent relationships o Difficult to trust their partners o Recollection was all over the place o Worried about being abandoned Secure attachment to parents in adolescence is related to a variety of favorable outcomes. Effects on Adolescents Parent-Adolescent Conflict o Studies in the 1960s (dispelling the stereotype of “storm and stress”) found that: Most adolescents like, trust, and admire their parents Disagreements are usually about minor issues (hairstyles, curfew etc.) o Adolescents and their parents agree on many of the most important aspects of their views in life. o 10-14 age range Conflict o Conflict with parent’s increase sharply in early adolescences and remains high for several years. o Mothers and daughters have the most intense and frequent conflicts o In late adolescence and emerging adulthood that conflict with parents diminishes substantially Reasons for Conflict in EA o Biological Changes Physical Growth. My son is bigger than me, cant provide authority as easily) Cognitive Changes Parents don’t feel like they can argue since kids learn to argue Perceptions and Definitions of Autonomy Social conventions- parents tend to socialize their children about social norms Personal choice- parents struggle with how much to loosen the reigns Conflict is not universal Parents and Emerging Adults o Relationships between parents and emerging adults improve o Emerging adults reporter greater closeness and fewer negative feelings toward their parents moving. o Those who remain at home reported the poorest relations with their parents in these respects Living at Home in the U.S o ¼ stay home through their early 20s Historical Change (Last 50 years) o Divorce Rate o Nearly half of young people are projected to experience their parents divorce by the time they reach their late teens o Single-Parent Households Rise in single-parent structures Rise in children born outside of marriage o Dual-Earner Families Employment amount women with school-aged children has increased from about 10%-70% Effects of Divorce o Young people who parents are divorced are at high risk for a wide variety of negative outcomes Behavior problems Psychological distress Lower academic achievement High rates of drug and alcohol use Initiation of sexual intercourse at an earlier age Depression and withdrawal Anxiety More likely to receive mental health treatment Less likely to attend college Problems with forming romantic relationships o Family Process Factors Exposure to conflicts between parents
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