Week 7, ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800
Week 7, ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800 ENGL 231
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marshall DeFor on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 231 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by White, Laura in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see English Authors > 1800 in Education at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 10/10/16
ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 6 Week 7 Recap Hello, fellow students! Once again, it’s me, Marshall DeFor. This week, we discussed the Victorian Age and one Victorian poet, Alfred Tennyson. Life gets crazy, so hopefully, this takes some of the pressure off of missing a day or missing a section of notes or reading! Please keep in mind that this is supplemental material only. I am a human, and I make mistakes. I cannot write down everything that is said or presented. These notes should provide you with a large amount of what was discussed in class, but may not include all of the material that you need to know. The main goal of these lecture notes are to help you remember points of each lecture that are not included in the slides provided by the instructor. Monday I. Paper Revision and Extra Credit: A. Paper Revision 1. You can revise your papers until the last class period 2. Do not just fix spelling errors, make your argument more solid 3. Grade will not go down if worse paper, grade will be averaged between two papers if better paper B. EC 1. Up to five possible points 2. “Chores” give you points 3. Tasks: a) Write short, expository paper on a provided topic. (1) C is 2 class points, B is 3 points, A is 4 points (2) Due by Dec. 15th at noon. b) Memorize and recite, w/o sig. errors, or prompting a provided poem. (1) Done in office hours or appointment (2) Different lengths give you either 2 or 3 class points. II. The Victorian Age A. Queen Victoria 1. Very restricted education in Kensington Palace 2. She ruled pretty much forever. 3. As soon as she was queen, allied with advisor and kicked her mother out 4. Met first cousin Albert and got married. Seduction of Prince by fairy queen - wedding present of Victoria to Albert (absolutely fairy crazy) 5. She had nine kids. By the time she was in the forties and fifties, she was more round than tall (she stood 4’11”). Hated her 81 months of pregnancy (9 kids). Hated the idea that sex led to pregnancy. 6. As soon as prince albert died, became a mourning widow until she died 40 years later. B. Became a global empire. Sun never set on Empire. Largest expansion (more than romans, mongols, alexander the great…) C. Basic crisis: 1. Most christian century 2. Christian idealists 3. Also the most prosperous, making the most money ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 6 4. Christians are not supposed to be accruing wealth, and this caused an ethical problem. 5. Solution: Philanthropy! a) Victorians had societies for everything b) First country to abolish slavery and slave trades D. All the wealth led to All the Poverty 1. Irish Potato Famine 2. Absolutely disgusting hovels of living 3. Still class-locked 4. Workhouses, madhouses, public executions E. Absolute destitution and absolute beautiful expositions, yet everyone was able to come to World’s Fair bc train tickets were cheap F. Ideals and Themes: 1. Wanted to embrace Medieval themes of religious and moral chivalry 2. Fairies were still huge. Fairies are good and bad. 3. Victorian interiors: The middle-class was rich in ways that they never had been. Exocitism became common, and interior decorating became “stuff this room full of everything from everywhere and cover everything with cloth.” They had beautiful new colors and patterns. They put plaids next to stripes next to flowers and loved it. Opposite of Modern aesthetic of bare and pure. Luxurious aesthetics ruled over utility. 4. They cared about natural history. They had greenhouses and saved seeds. Wednesday Alfred Tennyson I. Biography A. Was considered the greatest poet of the Victorian Age 1. Poet Laureate 2. Intensely popular in the United States B. Came from a previously wealthy family C. Friends with Arthur Hallum 1. Also a brilliant poet 2. engaged to Tennyson’s sister 3. Had a brain hemorrhage and died very young 4. Tennyson’s extremely long I n Memoriam A.H.H., which launched his career, was written in the memory of Arthur Hallum D. Tennyson was very much disturbed by modern science (Lyle, Darwin) and what this meant for Christian views. II. “Kraken” A. Mixture of times 1. Imaginary: Creature doesn’t exist 2. Past: Ancient creature, surrounded by huge millennial growths 3. Future: Yet, we have the “latter fire,” which is the apocalypse. B. Why is there this mixture of mythological and biblical timelines? 1. Great beasts had become more relevant because of recent breakthroughs of science. Previously, the bones had been explained as “dragons,” and myths had sprung from this. ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 6 2. Interesting discoveries are now put into a chronological, geological timeline. They are not dragons, they are ancient dinosaurs. This caused anxiety because it seemed to displace Genesis. III. Almost everyone at the beginning of the Victorian age was a Christian, and new scientific discoveries caused people a copious amount of anxiety. A. This anxiety also appears in Victorian paintings and Percy Shelley’s work “Prometheus Unbound.” B. Charles Lyell wrote P rinciples of Geology in 1833. He was the first person to explode the “Genesis” ideology. He started looking at geology historically, and the Earth’s timeline went from thousands of years to millennia. C. Darwin provided an idea of a mechanism that could explain speciation. (He was not just “survival of the fittest.” He was the one who said that “survival of the fittest” could account for different species.) IV. “Ulysses” A. Based on Greek myth in which Ulysses was the protagonist; this was one of the few success stories for the Greeks after the Iliad. B. Ulysses is home after sailing for like 27 years or so. Now, in this poem, he has been home for a while and is now bored. C. Tennyson seems to be doing a double-thing here. Although Ulysses is the hero, he paints Ulysses as somewhat of an egoist: his faithful wife becomes “aged wife;” his people become a “savage race”... D. Theme: THE VICTORIAN IDEAL OF WORK ETHIC. They were relentless workers! Friday An Analysis of “Mariana in the Moated Grange” and “The Lady of Shalott” by Tennyson I. “Mariana in the Moated Grange” A. Setting matches the mood of the predicament B. Self-involvement C. Good wallowing poem 1. Pleasure in melancholia 2. Exploration of that perverse pleasure D. Nature has its cycles, but she is without hopes for change E. (Basically a ballad poem, same with Lady Shalott) II. “The Lady of Shalott” A. This is a story that tells us what happened but not why she is cursed or why she can't look out the window. B. Focuses on the difference between art and the world C. The Lady of Shalott of her artistry is contrasted with barley and camelot and other things. Fascinated with the beauty of female isolation. D. Reworking of Plato's allegory of the cave, argument for a world beyond this world
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