HDFS 311 Notes Week 6
HDFS 311 Notes Week 6 HDFS 311
Popular in Adoles/Early Adult Development
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by AlliSlaten on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 311 at Colorado State University taught by Rotner, Jaime Marie in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 10/10/16
- Reciprocal and Bidirectional Effects - Differential parenting- parents’ behavior often differs toward siblings within the same family (East, 2009) • Results in non-shared environmental inﬂuences (although you could be raised by the same people, siblings don’t necessarily experience upbringing the same way) - Traditional Parenting Style - A term proposed to describe the kind of parenting typical in traditional cultures - High in responsiveness and high in a kind of demandingness that does not encourage discussion and debate - Expects compliance by virtue of cultural beliefs supporting the inherent authority of the parental role - Attachement to Parents - John Bowlby and Attachment Theory - Strange Situation- experiment in which a child is placed a room and then observed to see if how they react when strangers come and when the mom leaves and see how they ﬁnd comfort • Secure attachment- infants use the mother as a ‘secure base from which to explore’ but seek physical comfort and consolation from her if frightened or threatened • Insecure attachment- infants are wary of exploring the environment and resist or avoid the mother when she attempts to offer comfort or consolation - Internal Working Model- this is a cognitive framework, based on interactions in infancy with the primary caregiver that shapes expectations and interactions into relationships to others throughout life • Memories of day to day interactions • Expectations and affective experience associated with interactions • Guiding actions based upon previous interactions • Accumulation schemas or event scripts - From Early Attachment to Later Romantic Relationships - Adult Attachment interview- interviews that researched the impact of attachment as a child and its impact on romantic relationships later in life • If the adult fell into a secure relationship status they were secure in their relationships and found intimacy easily • Insecure- avoidant relationships had a hard time recalling their childhood and adults with this relationships found it difﬁcult to trust their partners • Ambivalent adults didn’t really organize their thoughts about childhood and were ofter worried about being abandoned - Secure Attachment: Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood - Effects on Adolescents • Higher self esteem and well being Better psychological and physical health • • Closer relationships with friends and romantic partners • More autonomous and self- reliant - Effects on Emerging Adults Higher educational and occupational attainment • • Lower psychological problems and mental health issues • Lower risk of drug use - Parent- Adolescent Conﬂict - Studies in the 1960s (dispelling the stereotype of ‘storm and stress’) found that… • most adolescents like, trust, and admire their parents • disagreements are usually about minor issues (hairstyle, curfew) • Adolescents and their parents agree on many of the most important aspects of their views of life • spike in early adolescents (10-13) not universal, unique to the United States • - Conﬂict with parents increases sharply in early adolescence and remains high for several years - Conﬂict in adolescence is especially frequent and intense between mothers and daughters • adolescents feel the need to pull away to become independent but with the mother daughter relationship it causes more conﬂict because both are trying to establish their roles - Reasons for Conﬂict in Early Adolescence • Biological Changes • Cognitive Changes • Perceptions and Deﬁnitions of Autonomy Social Conventions • - parents tend to socialize their adolescents like social norms like manners - adolescents see social norms that parents do as a personal choice rather than an expectation • Conﬂict is not universal it is cultural - Parents and Emerging Adults - Relationships between parents and emerging adults improve - Emerging adults report greater closeness and fewer negative feelings toward their parents after moving out • those who remained home reported the poorest relationships with their parents in these aspects - Living at home in the United States - About 1/4 stay home through their early twenties - Staying at home is more common among Latino, African American and Asian Americans that among White Americans - About 40% of American emerging adults “return to the nest” at least once - Historical Change: The Last 50 Years 1. Divorce Rate 1. Nearly half of young people are projected to experience their parents’ divorce by the time they reach their late teens. May experience a remarriage of one of their parents and adding the dynamic of a blended family. 2. Single- Parent Households 1. Rise in single- parent structures due to divorce, children before marriage, unique family dynamics 2. Rise of children born outside marriage 3. Duel- Earner Families 1. Employment among women with school- aged children has increased from about 10% to 70% - Effects of Divorce - Young people whose parents have divorced are at higher risk for a wide variety of negative outcomes like.. • Behavior problems Psychological distress • • Lower academic achievement • Higher rates of drug and alcohol use • Initiation of sexual intercourse at an earlier age • Depression and withdrawal • Anxiety • More likely to receive mental health treatment • Less likely to attend college • Problems forming romantic relationships - Effects of Divorce: Family Process Factors • Exposure to conﬂict between parents • Effects on parenting practices
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