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ANSC 2000 set 9

by: Kaitlyn Elliott

ANSC 2000 set 9 ANSC 2000 - 001

Kaitlyn Elliott

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This set of notes covers animals in service to mankind part 1(not involved in research). The information distinguishes the different forms of dogs in service. There is a review slot at the end with...
Companion Animal Management
Carolyn E Huntington
Class Notes
animal, Science
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Elliott on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 2000 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Carolyn E Huntington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Companion Animal Management in Animal Science at Auburn University.

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Date Created: 10/10/16
ANSC 2000 set 9 Animals in Service to Mankind­ Part I Key Terms: 1) AAT (Animal­Assisted Therapy): Goal­directed intervention with deliberate inclusion of  an animal meeting specific criteria involved in a treatment plan 2) Green Chimneys: Provides care & treatment for at risk & emotionally injured children;  Leader in AAT 3) AAA (Animal­Assisted Activities): Provide opportunities for motivational, educational,  recreational, &/or therapeutic benefits to enhance human quality of life 4) Pet Partners: National organization known for its work in human­animal bond through  service & therapy animals 5) Intelligent Disobedience: Disregard a command if it leads their person to danger ______________________________________________________________________________ Lists to Know:   Two broad categories of animals in service:     1) Animals providing service to contributing to research     2) Animals not involved in research  Major life activities limited by mental or physical condition: 1) Caring for oneself 2) Performing manual tasks 3) Walking 4) Seeing 5) Hearing 6) Speaking  7) Breathing  8) Learning 9) Working  General assistance of service dogs: 1) Mobility­help with balance, pull a wheelchair, rise from a chair or from a fall,  open/close doors, finding another person 2) Retrieval­getting items dropped or out of reach, carrying items in the mouth or  backpack 3) Sense & alert­When seizures will occur; not known how  Service Dog Manners (5): 1) Speak to the person first. Don’t aim distracting or rude noises at the dog. 2) Don’t touch the service dog without asking for, & receiving, permission 3) Don’t offer food to the service dog 4) Don’t ask personal questions about the handler’s disability 5) Don’t be offended if the handler doesn’t wish to chat about service dog  Concerns with Service Dogs:      1) What if you don’t like dogs or are afraid of dogs?      2) What if the dog barks, growls, or forgets its manners?      3) What if other people complain about the service dog being present?  4 assessment factors of mini horses: 1) Whether the horse is housebroken 2) Whether it’s under the control of the owner 3) Whether the facility can accommodate the type, size & weight or horse 4) Whether its presence will not compromise safety requirements for safe operations  of facility  Differences between AAA/AAT 1) AAT established specific goals & objectives for each individual a. Ex. Improve fine motor skills, balance, increase exercise 2) AAT documents progress towards meeting goals 3) AAT is directed by a health or human service professional  Pet Partners provide guidance on: 1) Animal selection & personal training 2) Develop standards­based training materials  Specialized functions of military dogs after “basic training”: 1) Sentry dogs­ work perimeter on short leash; warn 2) Messenger dogs­ work silently between 2 handlers, take cover 3) Mine dogs­find trip wires, booby traps, metallic & nonmetallic mines  Levels involved in personal protection dogs: 1) Level 1: Deterrent­lunge, show teeth, bark; leashed 2) Level 2: Defense­Bite & hold offender, increase grip 3) Level 3: Offense­Chase & knock down, Hold until commanded to release ________________________________________________________________________ Important Information:     Service Dogs & Cats st  In 21  century, most of the innate qualities of dog breeds are no longer useful to majority  of people - Competitions designed as outlet for dogs to practice their physical & mental skills  Dogs, & in some instances cats, can be trained to assist people with 3 things: 1) Physical impairments 2) Disabilities 3) Medical disorders             **Cats can be trained to hand signals or sound (rattle, bell)    Service/Assistance Animals  Trained to provide a specific service to disabled person - Walking, hearing, caring for oneself  3 ways service/assistance animals have a positive impact on people 1) Facilitate independent living 2) Increase confidence & feelings of self­worth 3) Provide companionship to handlers  Legally defined by ADA - Federal laws protect individuals to be accompanied by them in public places  Not considered pets Service Dogs vs Pets  Companion animal is another term for pet - How do you know which one? …………ASK THE HANDLER  Service dogs can be any breed or size  No federal requirement that dog wear any special gear or ID  No requirement that handler carry certification papers  You may NOT ask the person about the nature or extent of their disability American Disabilities Act  Recognition for service dogs  Individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of a person with a  disability - Must be trained to perform the tasks directly related to the person’s disability Jobs Service Dogs Perform  Leading a person with visual impairment around obstacles, to destinations, & alerting  them to danger  Sound discrimination to alert a person with hearing impairments to the presence of  specific sounds ADA regs. on Mini Horses  New ADS revisions March 2011  Typically 24­36 in., 70­100 lbs. Social/Therapy Animals  No legal definition by federal law  Often times animals that didn’t complete service animal training due to health,  disposition, trainability, etc.  Made available to disabled people as pets  Come for a visit, not a lifetime - Hospitals, nursing homes, mental health centers, or prisons - Federal laws have no provisions to be accompanied by therapy animals in public  places with “no pet” policies - Must receive permission to visit, sign waivers of responsibility, present health  papers Animal­Assisted Therapy (AAT)  Directed &/or delivered by a health service professional  Designed to improve physical, social, emotional, &/or cognitive functioning - Provide a subject for conversation & rekindle memories of fond pets - Dogs are happy regardless of person’s physical appearance or state of health Pet­Oriented Child Psychotherapy  “Pet therapy” was conceptualized by Boris Levinson, an American child psychiatrist in  1964, with “Jingles”  Noticed dogs help establish rapport with children  Dogs act as social catalysts, form links with people  Emotionally disturbed & troubled children - More responsive & optimistic - More communicative & responsible  - More caring & compassionate - Bolster their self­esteem; do not criticize Green Chimneys  Involves a farm campus in NY & CT  Work on a farm with animals & plants & assist with wildlife rehabilitation  Large number of children from urban environments  Traditional therapies have failed to resolve their issues Example of AAT  Volunteer brings her cat to rehabilitation center to work with occupational therapist & a  child who has difficulty with fine motor skills  Therapist has the child manipulate buckles, clasps on leashes, animal collars, & animal  carriers Animal­Assisted Activities (AAA)  Use of companion animals to help people with special needs  “Meet­&­Greet” activities involving pets visiting people  No specific treatment goals planned for visits - Visits are spontaneous; lasts as long or as short as needed - Volunteers not required to record detailed notes Example of AAA  Group of volunteers takes their dogs & cats to a nursing home once a month to visit  Visit occurs as a large­group activity with minimal direction & assistance provided by the facility staff Benefits of AAA/AAT  Outward focus - People watch animals, talk to & about them - Don’t dwell on their own problems; bring them out of themselves  Nurturing - Provide care & give attention to the pet  Rapport - Relationship of mutual trust - Animal breaks the ice; facilities interactions between the patient & the pet’s  owner or therapist  Acceptance­ Patient feels accepted without judgement  Entertainment­by watching others react to pets  Socialization­residents leave rooms to interact  Mental stimulation­by talking about animals  Physical contact & touch­might otherwise be a clinical setting  Physiological benefits­lower BP, calm, relaxing  Empathy­understanding the feelings of others - Children with pets are more empathetic than those without Pet Partners (formerly Delta Society)  Providing funds for research - Why animals are important to general population - How animals affect health & well­being of humans - Ways animals can enrich the lives of the ill & disabled  Supports formalized curriculum, training & ethics surrounding service animals  Established in Oregon in 1977  By early 1980’s, dispersed educational material  Pet owners joined the vets & scientists as members  By 1900’s, provided comprehensive training in animal assisted activities & therapy to  volunteers & health care professionals  Professional standards for Dog Trainers: Effective, Humane Principles provides  guidelines for all dog training Considerations with Service Dogs  May not be for everyone  Must learn about the abilities & limitations of service dogs  Evaluate the person’s needs­can the dog assist?  Evaluate the impact a dog will have on their lifestyle - Will person have better stamina with dog’s help? - Would person get more exercise having a service dog? - Would person be more mobile? More Social? - Would alleviate concerns of human caregivers?  Must consider responsible care & treatment of animal Guide Dogs  Most commonly known work of assistance dogs  Trained to partner with blind or visually impaired  Handler has greater independence, freedom & security  First guide dog school founded in Germany during WWI - Returning soldiers who were blinded in combat - American named Dorothy Harrison Eustis saw potential of the German Shepherd  dog - Trainer for Swiss Army & European police units - Returned to America & founded the Seeing Eye, Inc. in 1929, the first training  program for guide dogs in US Seeing Eye  The school has since matched over 15,000 dogs with 8,000 blind men & women - All learn how to care for & work with their dogs at home, on the job, on public  transportation, & in all public places  Teaches instructors the science & technique of training dogs as guides for blind people  Instructs blind people in the proper use & care of the dogs  Educates public about the role of guide dogs  Breeds & raises the dogs - Every sire & dam in a database - Selection of parents who will produce puppies with the qualities that make it an  excellent guide dog:  Intelligence  Health  Moderate size  Sound hips  Gentle disposition  Mostly German shepherds, Labrador retrievers, Golden retrievers, & occasionally Boxers or mixed breeds Guide Dog Training  >12 schools in US train guide dogs  Rigorous, effective training programs  Persons obtaining their first guide dog spend 4 weeks in a residential facility & are taught how to care for & work with their dog  On­site training shortened to 2­3 weeks for those replacing a retired dog  Many are charitable organizations & don’t charge for dogs  Some organizations breed & raise, others use foster families to raise until formal training  Most schools conduct tests to analyze dog’s potential   Taught basic obedience & to pull with a harness on  Progress to residential streets - Taught to lead & stop at curbs - Route gradually changes from quiet to busy downtown  Finally, learn intelligent disobedience  Begins training ~18 months of age which lasts for months  Average working life ~8 years  Bond between handler & dogs becomes very strong  Constant companion & family member  Individuals may choose to: - Keep the aging dog as a pet - Have him placed with a new owner as a pet - Retire him & be trained with a new partner Hearing Assistance Dogs  Trained to alert people to specific sounds in environment  - Ringing telephones ­   Smoke alarms - Alarm clock ­   Fire alarms - Baby’s cry ­   Carbon monoxide alarms - Door bell ­   Burglar alarms  Provide sense of security & ease - Imagine going to bed at night, being alone, & not knowing if the fire alarm  sounded or someone knocked at the front door - Although excellent equipment for hearing impaired, not the same level of comfort as a dog  Trained to make physical contact with owner & lead them to the source of the sound - Ex: Paw owner & then lay down in an alert position that means danger  Generally small in size, energetic, quick learners, & very comfortable in a variety of  situations  Tested for temperament & willingness to work as well as sound reactivity  No need to be purebreds; Often come from shelters  Allowed access to public places like guide dogs Mobility Assistance Dogs  Trained to help those with physical disabilities or impairments - Spinal cord or brain injuries, MD, MS, spina bifida, CP  Carry objects, pick up dropped items, open/close doors  Turn lights off/on, retrieve items such as telephones  Carry items in backpack, put items in washer/dryers  Push elevator buttons, life­line buttons  Assist owners in dressing & undressing  Pull wheelchairs & help stabilize walkers Medical Alert Dogs  Trained to obtain assistance for owners with medical diseases - Diabetes, asthma, panic attacks, seizures  May be able to respond to subtle changes in owner’s scent or to subtle behavioral clues  Owner may be able to take medication to ward off health problems  Trained to push buttons that call 911 if preventative measures fail Psychiatric Service Dog  Assist owners in waking & bring medications to them  Help in getting out of the house & into public or social settings  Alert owner to impending mood change - Take meds, use conditioned behavior skills, contact doctor  Provide emotional support during times of stress to owner - PTSD patients with real threats vs. unfounded fears  Help schizophrenic owners differentiate between real or imaginary sounds  Can take owners home if they become disoriented Police Dogs  Tracking police dogs - Follow the scent of a person to aid in catching a suspect or location of a missing  person - German Shepherd & Belgian Malinois are common - Trained to attack only if handler gives them verbal command  Search & rescue (rubble or water) - Highly motivated & fast­paced - Outgoing greeting rather than threatening stance of tracking police dogs; Only  friendly, outgoing dogs selected  Narcotics detection - Locate odors associated with various narcotics  Cadaver detection dogs - Used in criminal investigations & also at disaster sites - Signal without disturbing crime scene evidence  Explosive detection dogs (ammunition & concealed firearms) - Used by police customs agents, border patrol, armed forces - Vapor Wake detection dogs Military Dogs  Among the least appreciated working dogs  Since Roman times, wore razor sharp collars so they could attack the enemy to bite & cut  In Revolutionary War, served as pack animals  In WWI, primary job was to kill rats in trenches  In WWII, K­9 units were formally organized - In 1942, established by AKC & “Dogs for Defense”, dogs were obtained &  trained to serve overseas - Donations from public because no formalized breeding program  War Dog Program soon became successful in saving the lives of soldiers - Trained also for Navy & Coast Guard  Basic obedience, riding in military vehicles, working during gunfire, wearing muzzles &  gas masks  After “basic” training, sent on to specialized functions USDA Beagle Brigade  Detects prohibited fruits, plants, & meat at US international airports & mail facilities  Sniff baggage of travelers - Dogs sit to alert their handlers if smell prohibited items  Officers will then check the passengers’ bags, confiscate any prohibited items, & give  dog food reward - Food motivated breed; Accurate 80­90% of the time  Beagles selected for acute sense of smell & gentle nature  Wear distinctive green jackets “Protecting American Agr.” Conservation Dogs  New area of working dogs  Work to obtain data on hard to track endangered species or hard­to­navigate ecosystems  Even when the animal scientists are studying what cannot be found, can learn about: - Species’ range & behavior from tracks - Hair samples - Scat (fecal matter): Ball reward given upon detection  From scat, can learn the abundance of the species, the sex of the animals, parasite load, & familial relationships  Help locate a variety of species - Seals, fox, turtles, snakes, black­footed ferrets, bears, termites, & even whales!  Find burrows, follow trails, discover other scent markers by the target population - In Kenya, scat detection of wild dogs & cheetahs - In Russia, on tigers - In US, illegally killed wolves, kit fox dens, bobcats & pine snakes  Extremely energetic, excessive play drive is ideal - Obsessive, high­energy personalities; often from shelters Personal Protection Dogs  Trained to show aggression on command from owner or in cases where owner is being  threatened  Taught to tolerate being petted & handled by strangers  Highly obedient & trustworthy in presence of others  German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Doberman Pinscher, Boxer Premise Security Dogs  Often work in teams with handlers in areas dangerous for security guards to work alone - High crime, gang areas  Protect large areas & those with restricted views - Construction sites, warehouses, parking garages  High visibility & aggressive barking serves as deterrent - Threaten intruders, chase, & knock down on command - In nonthreatening situations, well mannered   Many are imported from Europe - Focus on work ethic & disposition rather than conformation Sled Dogs  Bred & used by native peoples of the coldest regions of the world to help them survive  Alaskan malamutes­bred by group of Eskimos known as the Mahlemiut - Capable of pulling immense weight - Haul food back to villages along the Anvik River in Alaska  Siberian Husky­originated with the Chuckchi people of northeastern Siberia - Herd reindeer & pull loads - Smaller & faster than malamutes _____________________________________________________________________________ Review:  C:\Users\KMElliott5\Documents\ANSC 2000 set 9.flashquiz


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