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Chapter 9 Recitation: Learning

by: Jessie Notetaker

Chapter 9 Recitation: Learning PSYC 1004

Jessie Notetaker
Virginia Tech

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About this Document

Covers Chapter 9 on learning
Introduction to Psychology
Dr. Kurt Hoffman
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessie Notetaker on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. Kurt Hoffman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
Chapter   9: Learning  Psych   1004   Recitation      Habituation  The  process   by which   we   “tune  out” and   stop  responding   to irrelevant    timuli   Classical  Conditioning  (Pavlov’s  Dog)  A process   where   previously   neutral  stimuli  now   elici   utonomic   responses  Unconditioned   Stimulus  (UCS)  A stimulus   that automatically   or naturally  triggers  an involuntary  response     ithout   rior  learning  Unconditioned   Response  (UCR)  The  autonomic   response   triggered  by  an  unconditioned  stimulus   (unlearned)  Conditioned   Stimulus  (CS)  A stimulus   that used   to be  neutral  but  acquires   the property    f  ausing   the   ame  type  of response  Conditioned   Response  (CR)  A response  ordinarily  produced   by an  unconditioned  stimulus     ut   fte itcomes   to  be elicited  by a    onditioned  stimulus  Acquisition  The  period   of learning  when   a conditioned  response   isbeing   developed  Extinction  When   a conditioned   response   is weakened   or  disappears   due  to   o longer   being    aired  with  a   S  (classical  conditioning)   or a  reinforcer  (operant   conditioning)  Spontaneous   Recovery  When   a previously   extinguished   learned  response     hows  up  in the    resence   of     conditioned    timulus  (classical  conditioning)  or a discriminative  stimulus    operant  condition)  Stimulus   Generalization  When   a response   is made  to  a stimulus  similar to    conditioned    timulus  Operant   Conditioning  Voluntary   behavior   comes  to  be  controlled  by  consequences   following    ts   ccurrence  Law   of Effect  Behaviors     roducing   pleasant  consequences   are  likely to  be  repeated  and  vice  versa  Activator  A stimulus  that  offers  direction  for a  particular  behavior  D  Discriminative   Stimulus  (S )  A stimulus  that  indicates   the availability  of a  reinforcer  or  punisher   ollowing      particular  behavior  Reinforcers   and  Punishers  Consequences  that  make  a  behavior  more  likely and  l ess likely to occur   espectively    *One   Trial   earning   Examples:  ­ Intense  Fear  ­ Pain  ­ Sickness   ­ Taste   Aversion    *John   B.  Watson  ­ Father  of  Behaviorism  ­ Made   Little Albert  afraid     rats    *Primary   Reinforcers   (biological    eeds)  ­ Food  ­ Water  ­ Shelter  ­ Air  ­ Sex  *Secondary  Reinforcers   (Things   that lead   to satisfaction  of  biological  needs)  ­ Money  ­ Grades  in   chool 


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