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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carter Cox on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Joshua Williams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 10/10/16
Medieval Music Medieval Sacred - began to play a major role as the early Christians Church grew - Sacred music was not notated th - Musical notation began to appear in the 10 century o Nuemes were the marking used to represent early sacred music - Pope Gregory 1 is fasely credited for having music assigned to specific celebrations in the church calendar o This music is called Liturgy - The decree of the Pope led to the development of a standardized system of music notation known as Gregorian Chant Gregorian Chant - Chants are also known as plainsong or plainchant o Monophonic in texture (single line melodies) o Texts are in Latin and are derived from the bible (book of Psalms) - Rhythm in chants are unmeasured and tempos are flexible - Melodic material based on system of scale called Church Modes o Similar to major and minor scales but interval between pitches are different - Medieval Church followed biblical instructions which required women to be silent in Cathedrals - Hildegard of Bingen is one of the best female composers of the medieval period Mass - Most solemn service of the medieval Christian church - Liturgy is divided into two parts o Ordinary Parts of the mass where the text does not change Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Angus Dei o Proper Parts of the mass where text changes depending on the day in the church calendar Polyphony and Measured Rhythm - Two or more voice parts is known as polyphonic music - Development took place in northern France and was dominated by the Notre Dame School - Earliest polyphonic were called organa (singular/ organum) - Period of style is called ars nova (old music) - Rhythm was unmeasured o Two melodies moving at the same time - Troping o Faster moving melody move/ plays above the slower chant - Mensural Notation o Relative time values were indicated with precision Secular Music - In medieval times typically written in the vernacular - Subject matter varies (love, humor, politics, NSFW) - Most important secular vocal music was created and performed by poet musicians called troubadors o Generally members of nobility - Melodies were monophonic and songs typically paired one note with one syllable - Melisma o An ornamental technique where multiple notes are sung to one syllable text - Form of secular music is strophic o Each verse of the text is sung to the same melody Same notes different words - Instruments were not used in the church Motet - Added a second set of words - Was originally a sacred genre that grew out of the two part organa
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