New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Voice Articulation and Improvement notes, Week 1

by: Bennett Jarvis

Voice Articulation and Improvement notes, Week 1 SPHSC 100

Marketplace > University of Washington > Speech and Hearing Sciences > SPHSC 100 > Voice Articulation and Improvement notes Week 1
Bennett Jarvis
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for VOICE&ARTIC IMPROV (VLPA)

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive VOICE&ARTIC IMPROV (VLPA) notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes begin by covering basic terminology such as the Five Components of Speech; as well as the idea and breakdown of communication and its various processes. They continue on to cover how t...
Class Notes
speech, communication, Presentations, anatomy, Physiology, brain





Popular in Speech and Hearing Sciences

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bennett Jarvis on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPHSC 100 at University of Washington taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see VOICE&ARTIC IMPROV (VLPA) in Speech and Hearing Sciences at University of Washington.

Similar to SPHSC 100 at UW

Popular in Speech and Hearing Sciences


Reviews for Voice Articulation and Improvement notes, Week 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/10/16
SPHSC 100 Notes – Week 1 Basic Terms and Concepts Five Components of Speech R P R A P 1. Respiration  Exchange of gases to and from the lungs a. Transport oxygen to body’s cells b. Controlled by Automatic Nervous System  vital functions c. 10,000 liters of air per day i. During inspiration, diaphragm contracts and intrapulmonary pressure (IP) decreases. ii. During expiration, diaphragm relaxes and moves up while IP decreases 2. Phonation  Sound made by vibration between vocal cords in the larynx a. Vocal cords sit horizontally, not vertically. i. Two cords, connecting in the front and open in the back. ii. Open when we breathe, close and vibrate when we speak, and are covered when we eat/drink. iii. Cords stretch longer the higher the pitch. 3. Resonance  The amplification/modification of sound through cavities of the vocal tract. a. Unique vocal tract shape + accompanied vibratory patterns creates varied sound i. No one has the same vocal tract shape b. Vocal resonators i. Larynx ii. Pharynx iii. Sinuses iv. Oral Cavity v. Nasal Cavity 4. Articulation  Structures which modify the acoustics of vocal tracts a. Movement of vocal tract structures 5. Prosody  Intonation and stress of speech. a. You think he SMELLS? You think HE smells? Communication (Why is it important? When is it important?)  General Info o Process of transferring information from a sender to a receiver with the use of a medium in which the information is understood by both. Forms of communication 1. Oral: speech; words; voice quality; intonation; etc. 2. Written 3. Nonverbal: Body language; gestures; eye contact; stance; etc. SPHSC 100 Notes – Week 1  Communication Process (Blue: Speaker; Red: Listener; Yellow: In Between Form Formulate Activate muscles and Idea Message structures to produce speech - Lexicon- sematics -Syntax Idea -Morphology understood -Phonology Speech is produced Vibrates through air Message Interpreted Inner ear sends Sound activates signals to auditory listener’s ears  Communication Breakdown cortex o Miscue of communication o “Noise”  Any barrier to communication  External Noise  Acoustic  Visual  Listener-generated Noise  Attitude toward speaker/message  Physical limitations o Paralinguistic Elements: How of the message  How the message is spoken or delivered o Kinesis Noise  Gestures, movement, clothing  Who we are o Linguistic Noise  Articulations, grammar, word choice Giving Oral Presentations and Stage Fright Voice Control  Projection  Good volume for room size; make necessary adjustments  Pace  Do not go too fast  Intonation  Keep audience engaged  Articulation  Speak clearly Body Language  Posture o Stand with a straight back o Do not lock knees SPHSC 100 Notes – Week 1 o Relax  Gestures o Well timed o Not too distracting  Eye Contact o Try to glance over everyone Content Effectiveness  Introduction o Thesis paired with a clear topic  Body o Well thought out and supported by evidence. o Formal/casual based on the audience, but stay consistent!  Conclusion o Summary of main points and express the purpose that links to the purpose indicated by the thesis. Stage Fright Anxiety or fear related to performance in front of an audience  THIS IS NORMAL  Combination of both fear and excitement  Fight or flight response caused by the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) Central Nervous System _________________ Peripheral Nervous System Somatic (Voluntary) _______ Autonomic (Involuntary) Parasympathetic (Relaxed) _________Sympathetic (F or F)  ANS  Triggered by adrenaline Anatomy and Physiology Vocal Tract  Two functions: o Breathing o Speaking  16 landmarks: o Nasal Cavity o Larynx o Oral Cavity o Trachea o Pharynx o Lungs o Teeth o Diaphragm o Tongue o Esophagus o Lips o Hard Palate o Alveolar Ridge o Soft Palate (Velum) o Epiglottis o Vocal Folds  Speech Process: o Innervation  Complex & rapid nerve impulses from the brain  Conceptualize; organize; initiate speech  Muscles involved in breathing/voice production o Respiration  See Five Components of Speech o Phonation  See Five Components of Speech Prosody is a component o Resonance but not a process, it is  See Five Components of Speech replaced here by o Articulation innervation  See Five Components of Speech o Brain  Four lobes: o Frontal Lobe: Broca’s Area  Stroke patients cannot express themselves o Primary Motor Cortex  Controls movement o Temporal Lobe: Wernicke’s Area  Trouble understanding


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.