New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 7

by: Jennifer Fu
Jennifer Fu

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes of lecture 10&11 and discussion 5
Social Psychology
Serena Chen
Class Notes
social, Psychology
25 ?




Popular in Social Psychology

Popular in Psychology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Fu on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 160 at University of California Berkeley taught by Serena Chen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology at University of California Berkeley.


Reviews for Week 7


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/10/16
Lecture Notes Lecture 10 Examples of content of the self-concept - Traits - Likes/dislikes - wishes/hopes - social identities Sources of Self Knowledge - Introspection (Who am I?) - Attributions - Inferences from observations of own behavior o When we are uncertain about our attitudes and feelings, we infer them by observing our own behaviors (only when we are uncertain) o Self-perception theory (Chaiken & Baldwin, 1981) § Ps had strong or weak attitudes about environment § Manipulated Ps’ perceptions of their environment-related behaviors • Have you ever recycled? (lead to perceive pro-environment) • Do you always recycle? (lead to perceive anti-environment) § Ask Ps to indicate attitudes on environment § Only Ps with weak attitudes engaged in self-perception processes § Ex. Rachel’s perception of her liking Ethiopian food after she tried it for the first time (iCliker) (weak attitude since it’s her first time trying Ethiopian food) - Feedback and reactions from others o Socialization o Looking-glass self - Social comparisons o Social Comparison Theory (Festinger, 1954) § Socially compare when no objective standards § Most informative to compare with similar others - Social group memberships - Context o Focus on self-aspects that are distinctive in a given context o Focus on self-aspects that are relevant in a given context o Working self-concept: refers to the subset of knowledge about the self that is active at a given moment in a given context Lecture 11 Cultural differences in the self-concept (Markus & Kitayama) - Independent view of the self: defining oneself in terms of own internal feelings, thoughts, and actions - Interdependent view of the self: defining oneself in terms of relationship with others Self-Complexity Theory (Linville) - Self is cognitively represented in terms of multiple aspects - Self-aspects vary in the affect associated with them - Degree of complexity in the self-varies Self-complexity is defined by - # of different self-aspects - degree of overlap of self-aspects - high self-complexity = large # of distinct self-aspects - low self-complexity = small # of non-distinct self-aspects / more extreme swings in affect & self-evaluation Central-Hypothesis - degree of self-complexity related to how people feel in response to + & - events related to the self Self-Discrepancy Theory (Higgins) - similar to self-complexity theory o multiple self-aspects o affective consequences associated with how self-aspects are related - different from self-complexity theory o discrepancies between self-aspects (not focusing on overlap) o actual selves and hypothetical selves - actual self, ideal self, ought self - actual-ideal discrepancy à dejection - actual-ought discrepancy à agitation Discussion Notes Discussion 5 Self-esteem - An important component of the self - The positivity or negativity of our self-views Trait self-esteem: our enduring level of self-regard across time - Relatively stable but may change with development, and as a function of chronic experiences - What we typically think of when we describe someone’s self-esteem State self-esteem: momentary, fluctuating self-evaluations or feelings about the self - Reflects current mood and momentary experiences Acceptance vs rejection Sociometer Theory - Self-esteem is an internal, subjective marker of the extent to which we are included or looked on favorably by others - Self-esteem developed to monitor the social environment for clues as to whether the individual is being accepted or rejected - If rejection is detected, the individual is motivated to take corrective action - Based on the assumption that humans possess a pervasive desire to maintain interpersonal relationship Low self-esteem is associated with psychological problems although the link is often overstated Psychological problems are not caused directly low self-esteem but by a history of relational devaluation. Self-esteem is concomitant Contingencies of self-worth scale - Based on the assumption that self-esteem is contingent on successes and failures in domains on which a person has based his/her self-worth – domains that are important to you 7 domains - Other’s approval - Physical appearance - Outdoing others in competition - Academic competence - Family love and support - Being a virtuous or moral person - God’s love


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.