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Lecture 17

by: courtney Notetaker
courtney Notetaker
Virginia Tech

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Notes from lecture 17 on The Peloponnesian War
Ancient Mediterranean World
Christine E. Steer
Class Notes
Greek, Roman, ancient, Mediterranean, world, history, Classics, Peloponnesian War
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by courtney Notetaker on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1134 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Christine E. Steer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
PPT 17, week 8  Peloponnesian War o Thucydides and the Peloponnesian war  Chief source of info on these wars  He was a general, but was exiled early on  Father of scientific history o 3 main stages of war  Archidamian War  Peace of Nicias  Ionian War o Pericles  General of Athens  Under his leadership the acropolis was rebuilt o Preliminaries to war  Athens enforced its will upon other "allies-turned- subjects" o Build up to war  Athens allied with a colony of Corinth against Corinth  Potidaea refused to ally with Athens and thus rebelled o Events not emphasized by Thucydides  Megaron decree  Megara couldn’t use Athens' ports  Lifting the decree would have prevented war o War under Pericles  Rely on sea power and the long walls o 1st year of war  Athens was seen as oppressors  Sparta as the liberators Athens raided the Peloponnesian coast   Funeral oration  Public funeral for those who had died in the war o Plague in Athens  Sparta invaded in 430 BC  Due to unsanitary conditions, a plague broke out  Pericles died in this plague o From the death of Pericles to the Peace of Nicias  New leaders pandered to the whims of the people o The rise of Demagogues  The most notorious was Kleon  Demostethens and Pylos  Demostethens thought Pylos was a good Spartan territory for Athens to fortify  Spartans got trapped by Athenian navy KLEON   Represented the demands of the commercial class  Very rash  Athens decided to expand in 424 PPT 17, week 8  Attacked Boeotia but failed o Peace of Nicias  Leaders on both sides died, so they were ready for peace  Didn’t invade each other for over 10 months  Nicias  Politician, general, aristocrat o The Sicilian Expedition  Largest Greek expedition of the war  Athens's greatest defeat o The Athenian Disaster  Athenians attacked Sicily and won  Lots of men and ships lost o Ionian phase of war  Athens had 3 main problems  Vulnerability of the grain supply route from the black sea  Threat of subject revolts in the Aegean  Depletion of Athenian financial reserves  Revolts against Athens  They all vied each other for Spartan assistance against Athens o The oligarchic Coup  War became almost a stalemate o The war in Hellenspot o Alcibiades Returning to Athens  Led Athens to key successes  Sailed home to Athens with great majesty and display Falls from favor   Sails out on naval operation  Minor loss lost him popularity o Battle of Arginusae  Last Athenian victory o Final defeat of Athens  Battle of Aegospotami  Lost because of negligence o End of the war  Spartan general ordered all overseas Athenians be driven home  Then they began a siege of Athens


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