New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

lecture 15

by: courtney Notetaker
courtney Notetaker
Virginia Tech

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

lecture 15 on Architecture, Sculpture, and Pottery
Ancient Mediterranean World
Christine E. Steer
Class Notes
ancient, Mediterranean, world, history, Greek, Roman, Classics, Classic, Classical
25 ?




Popular in Ancient Mediterranean World

Popular in Department

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by courtney Notetaker on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1134 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Christine E. Steer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


Reviews for lecture 15


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/10/16
• Architecture, Sculpture, and Pottery ○ Architecture § Most commonly expressed in temples § Columns "in antis" □ Columns inside a projecting wall with pillars § Prostyle □ Wall consisting of only columns § Peripteral □ One row of columns on all sides § dipteral □ Double rows of columns on all 4 sides § Opisthodomos □ The back room § Functions of temples □ Worshippers gathered outside □ Buildings house the deity □ Sacrifices took place outside § Temple of Artemis at Ephesus □ One of the 7 ancient wonders of the world □ Built 3 times □ Vast temple § Temple of Poseidon □ In Italy, built 500BC □ One of the most well preserved Doric temples § Temple of Zeus at Olympia □ Doric ­ stout and heavy □ Painted □ Carvings honoring Zeus § Corinthian □ Later style, more roman § Acropolis of Athens □ Became rich from the Delian league and labor taxes □ Lots of temples rebuilt when Pericles decided to do so □ Parthenon ® Most famous Greek temple ® Begun under Pericles ® Had a continuous frieze ® No straight lines ® Athena Parthenos ® Statue of Athena promachos ◊ Very big ◊ Outside the temple ◊ Built by Phidias ◊ No longer exists § The Erecthelon □ By Phidias □ Irregularly shaped □ The porch of maidens supported the roof § The proplyaea □ Main entrance to the acropolis □ Depiction of the prosperity, ability, and confidence of Athens § Athena Nike □ Statue of Athena, goddess of victory ○ Sculpture § Lots of sculpture mixed with architecture § Statue of Apollo from the temple of Zeus □ Calm yet rigid § Zeus/Poseidon □ Cant tell which god it is § Statues of 2 warriors □ Found in the sea □ Thought to be by Phidias § Shift from severe style to high classical § Doryphoros of Polykleitos □ More animated poses □ Balance and harmony of the human body § Nike adjusting her sandal □ From the temple of Athena Nike □ In motion­ not posing ○ Pottery § Greek style was famous throughout the Mediterranean § Red and black figure § Images of the gods § White­ground ○ Drama and theater ○ Drama and religion § Drama got its roots from religion  § Tragedy originated from hymns to Dionysus ○ Thespis § Shift from 3rd to 1st person § Also invented the theatrical mask ○ City of Dionysia § Theatrical performances took place there § Festival honoring Dionysus ○ The competitions § Several performances in one day § Archon provided sponsors to fund 8 plays each year § The best one receives a reward ○ The actors § Always men § The poet who wrote it was usually also in it ○ The chorus § Choral song was essential § Action was in the dialogue, the chorus is a reflection of the plot ○ The theater § First it was a bare slope, then a wooden seating area § Eventually changed to stone § Amphitheater style § Deus ex machina □ Swooped actors in and out of the stage area ○ Set, costumes, and masks § Sets weren't elaborate § Costumes were good § Masks were the most important part □ Showed which character was being portrayed ○ The story § Stories weren't new § The message portrayed in the story was the important part ○ Characters § Usually taken from legends or sagas ○ Narrative structure § Tragedies had basic plot § Action □ The climax was usually not shown on stage □ Reported to the audience by a messenger ○ Hubris and Catharsis § Tragedies must have grand characters § Hubris ­ violent arrogance § Catharsis ­ cleaning ○ Aeschylus § Oldest of the 3 tragic poets § Active in politics ○ Sophocles § 123 plays, only 7 survived ○ Euripides § looked into the hearts of his characters § Lost of heroes or extraordinary people in extraordinary situations ○ Satyr Plays § Had a chorus of Satyrs § Half the length of tragedies ○ Aristophanes § Most well­known comic playwright § Based a lot on contemporary politics ○ Comedy § Few actors, had a chorus ○ Aristotle § The unities □ Unity of action □ Unity of place Unity of time


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.