lecture 15 1134
Popular in Ancient Mediterranean World
Popular in Department
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by courtney Notetaker on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1134 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Christine E. Steer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 10/10/16
• Architecture, Sculpture, and Pottery ○ Architecture § Most commonly expressed in temples § Columns "in antis" □ Columns inside a projecting wall with pillars § Prostyle □ Wall consisting of only columns § Peripteral □ One row of columns on all sides § dipteral □ Double rows of columns on all 4 sides § Opisthodomos □ The back room § Functions of temples □ Worshippers gathered outside □ Buildings house the deity □ Sacrifices took place outside § Temple of Artemis at Ephesus □ One of the 7 ancient wonders of the world □ Built 3 times □ Vast temple § Temple of Poseidon □ In Italy, built 500BC □ One of the most well preserved Doric temples § Temple of Zeus at Olympia □ Doric stout and heavy □ Painted □ Carvings honoring Zeus § Corinthian □ Later style, more roman § Acropolis of Athens □ Became rich from the Delian league and labor taxes □ Lots of temples rebuilt when Pericles decided to do so □ Parthenon ® Most famous Greek temple ® Begun under Pericles ® Had a continuous frieze ® No straight lines ® Athena Parthenos ® Statue of Athena promachos ◊ Very big ◊ Outside the temple ◊ Built by Phidias ◊ No longer exists § The Erecthelon □ By Phidias □ Irregularly shaped □ The porch of maidens supported the roof § The proplyaea □ Main entrance to the acropolis □ Depiction of the prosperity, ability, and confidence of Athens § Athena Nike □ Statue of Athena, goddess of victory ○ Sculpture § Lots of sculpture mixed with architecture § Statue of Apollo from the temple of Zeus □ Calm yet rigid § Zeus/Poseidon □ Cant tell which god it is § Statues of 2 warriors □ Found in the sea □ Thought to be by Phidias § Shift from severe style to high classical § Doryphoros of Polykleitos □ More animated poses □ Balance and harmony of the human body § Nike adjusting her sandal □ From the temple of Athena Nike □ In motion not posing ○ Pottery § Greek style was famous throughout the Mediterranean § Red and black figure § Images of the gods § Whiteground ○ Drama and theater ○ Drama and religion § Drama got its roots from religion § Tragedy originated from hymns to Dionysus ○ Thespis § Shift from 3rd to 1st person § Also invented the theatrical mask ○ City of Dionysia § Theatrical performances took place there § Festival honoring Dionysus ○ The competitions § Several performances in one day § Archon provided sponsors to fund 8 plays each year § The best one receives a reward ○ The actors § Always men § The poet who wrote it was usually also in it ○ The chorus § Choral song was essential § Action was in the dialogue, the chorus is a reflection of the plot ○ The theater § First it was a bare slope, then a wooden seating area § Eventually changed to stone § Amphitheater style § Deus ex machina □ Swooped actors in and out of the stage area ○ Set, costumes, and masks § Sets weren't elaborate § Costumes were good § Masks were the most important part □ Showed which character was being portrayed ○ The story § Stories weren't new § The message portrayed in the story was the important part ○ Characters § Usually taken from legends or sagas ○ Narrative structure § Tragedies had basic plot § Action □ The climax was usually not shown on stage □ Reported to the audience by a messenger ○ Hubris and Catharsis § Tragedies must have grand characters § Hubris violent arrogance § Catharsis cleaning ○ Aeschylus § Oldest of the 3 tragic poets § Active in politics ○ Sophocles § 123 plays, only 7 survived ○ Euripides § looked into the hearts of his characters § Lost of heroes or extraordinary people in extraordinary situations ○ Satyr Plays § Had a chorus of Satyrs § Half the length of tragedies ○ Aristophanes § Most wellknown comic playwright § Based a lot on contemporary politics ○ Comedy § Few actors, had a chorus ○ Aristotle § The unities □ Unity of action □ Unity of place Unity of time
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