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Lecture 14

by: courtney Notetaker
courtney Notetaker
Virginia Tech

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lecture 14 on Democracy, Law, and Class
Ancient Mediterranean World
Christine E. Steer
Class Notes
ancient, Mediterranean, world, history, Greek, Classical, Classic, Classics, Roman, democracy
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by courtney Notetaker on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1134 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Christine E. Steer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
 Democracy, Law, and Class o Herodotus  All offices assigned by lot  All officials subject to investigation  All policies are debated in public  Restricted to one, 1 year term  Must have a public review of their conduct at the end of their term  This system made corruption very difficult o Development of democracy in Athens  As the empire grew, the political role of the lowest class became very important  Because the empire relied on naval power, the rowers had political power  170 rowers per ship o Participation in the assembly  All Athenian men over 18 could attend and vote in the assembly  1 mandatory meeting each month  Council set the agenda for the meeting  Debates  Persuasive speeches  Men who attended came from all over Attica o Direct democracy  All citizens took an active part in government o Democratic leaders  Persuasive speaking was very important  Those that were persuasive held all of the power o The council and Prytanies  Council took care of things that needed more regular attention than the assembly  Council  500 citizens, chosen by lot  Served for 1 year, but no more than twice o Officials  Groups of officials looked after various aspects of the city  All investigated at the end of their term o Finances  State offices were paid positions  Building projects also paid for by the state o Legal system  All disputes were handled by the peoples courts  No judge, no lawyers Chairman ensured fairness   Persuasive speech to sway the jury in their favor  They proposed penalties for each other because there were no fixed punishments  Drawbacks  Didn’t include women, metics, or slaves o Training for public life  Government recognized the importance of physical fitness  Lots of places to physically train  Poor boys would learn a trade, richer ones studied oratory  Often had an older mentor o Sophists  New organized form of oratory training  Disliked and feared  People thought them too persuasive  Protagoras was the most notable  They didn’t believe in the gods o Houses  Inner courtyard  Separate areas for men and women inside  Very little furniture o Clothes and accessories  Wore chitons o Food  Mostly bread  Also fish, eggs, and olives o Dinner parties (Symposia)  Important part of Greek culture  Relax and drink together o Cities  Combination of private property and public magnificence  Agora - city center/marketplace  Where council and assembly met o Baths and parks  Public bath houses - not as nice as the roman ones  Simply a place to wash. They didn’t swim o Work and trade  All citizens were required to practice a trade  Certain jobs were more prestigious  Specialization in a skill was valued o Women and the polis  Polis was male dominated  Women could only marry and give birth to children  Most of our sources on women were written by men o Hetairai and the Pornai  Prostitutes  Either slaves or free  Thin, hazy line between prostitute and entertainer o Exposure of infants  At birth the father choose to either raise or expose the child  Exposed children can be picked up and raise by anyone  Raised free or as a slave  Very important to have a son to carry on the household o Marriage and children  Girls were a potential risk to family honor  Married in early-mid teens to a man around 30 years old  After marriage, they too care of the household and kids  Never take part in public life  Few women ever actually appear in historical sources o Metics  Non-citizen residents o Slaves  Very important in Greece  Looked after their master's affairs while they were away  In battle or at the assembly  1/4 - 1/3 of population of Attica was slaves


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