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Working up to the Revolution

by: Mary Jo Davison Gould

Working up to the Revolution HIS 315L

Marketplace > University of Texas at Austin > HIS 315L > Working up to the Revolution
Mary Jo Davison Gould

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All about the imperial debate and what they discussed
The United States Since 1865
Christopher Ernst
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Jo Davison Gould on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 315L at University of Texas at Austin taught by Christopher Ernst in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
Tar and Feathers: Violence  Rituals of Resistance o “sons of liberty” o Liberty Trees o Parades and Effigies o Tar and Feathers  “Black Friday” Nov. 1 1765 o Ports and courts closed o Newspapers keep printing o No stamps to be had  Non-Importation o Hurts British merchants o They stop buying British goods until the taxes are repealed o Buy American goods only  Tax collection o Weak connection was the tax collectors o Violence prevents the collection of the taxes The imperial Debate  The Nature of Representation o Virtual vs. Actual  External vs. Internal Taxation o Taxes before all of this were external  Taxes collected on the goods coming in and out. They were collected at the port.  “You were taxing the ocean; you didn’t really come into our territory”  External- duties Internal -Taxes (to the colonists) o The new taxes are considered internal o External are legitimate and Internal are not  The Gore Issues o Who governs the Americans o Who governs the empire  Sovereignty is Indivisible o Imperium in Imperio – Impossible o King-in-parliament  Why is this taxation unconstitutional? o Taxation without representation o The British constitution is not written down – it is based on practice and custom  Common Law constitution o You can’t tax us like this because you have never taxed us like this before o If Parliament could find an example of an instance where they taxed them then they would win  Post Office – you’ve been buying stamps to pay for postage. British government gets a little money from that because of the stamp  Benjamin Franklin says this is not a tax because it is optional- it is a service. Not everyone has to go buy a stamp unlike the tax they are trying to put in place o How did Americans feel towards Great Britain before 1763?  They loved the British  They had respect and affection  If you were from Britain (Old-English man) you had special respect and gave a kind of rank among them o The British supplies WANTS not NEEDS  Even clothes, in reality they could make clothes in America. They bought the clothes from Great Britain because it was mostly for the ‘brand’ o The British wanted to know if force would work  Response was not because it is not necessary  They would not find a rebellion but may bring one if they try to use force in America to put the stamp act into place o King in Parliament (Triangle Diagram)  The King sat in Parliament  Colleges even have taxes  Everyone in Parliament says that there should be taxes in America  Some just think the stamp act is not smart  Think the Colonies should pay taxes o Colonies paid their part for the 7 years war and then some  Americans were a part of the war, stood by their side  Requisitions  Parliament would send a message to the colonies about how much money they would need and how many troops they need o Then the colonists would inflict taxes of their own and come up with what they asked for plus more  Preferred way of ‘Taxation’  Argued that the 7years war was for the Americans and was in Americans interest that’s why the British allowed this type of taxation, but now times are different o King in the Colonies (Circle method)  The kind is in the middle  Colonies and Britain were connected to the king  They were all related to the king  Each one governs themselves around the king  “One planet wouldn’t tell the other what to do” o Suppose there is a war in Europe and they needed troops?  The colonies would send as many people and as much money as they could  But they were insulted by this questions because they consider themselves British but they are acting like they are foreigners o 1688  It used to be King = Power, Parliament = Liberty  But then after the great struggle Parliament “Ate” the King  The king became a part of parliament instead of separate  But the colonial powers still give the king an independent role  Dangerous in the eyes of the parliament  Could the colonist give money to the king without the approval of parliament?  Yes, because the parliament cannot properly give consult till there are representatives from America. Decisions are supposed to be made from common consent, but without representatives then America is not a part of this common consent – therefore, they should not be able to dictate things for the Americas  Solutions? o Give the Americans representation in parliament  Obvious Answer  They do not do it because Americans would not be given enough seats in parliament to truly make a difference  Their representation would forget the colonies when they live in Britain again  “Representation can’t cross the ocean”  Pride in being a colonist, they are proud that they are colonist and from the Americas.  The British did not like this idea because if they allow it for the Americans then it would create an uproar in the other colonies. Other colonies would think they deserve this too.  Eventually (based on how fast the American population is growing) there would be more ‘British people’ living in the Americas than the United Kingdom. So eventually they’d have more power. March 1766 – Stamp Act Repealed  Accompanied by the Declaratory Act o Parliament has the right to make laws for the colonies “In all cases whatsoever” What if the revolution had started in 1766?  It may have been: o More Chaotic  Violence at this time was stronger o More Radical o More Revolutionary  Attacks on wealth o Mob destroyed mansion of Thomas Hutchinson during Stamp act riots in Boston


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