History 101: Midterm
History 101: Midterm History 101
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Popular in World Civilizations (The World Before 1500)
Popular in History
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sharmond Tanner on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 101 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Andrew de la Garza in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations (The World Before 1500) in History at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 10/10/16
Philosophy and politics Rise of democracy - Demos = people - Cratos = power Pericles o “We are called a democracy, for the administration in the hands of the many and not the few” Philosophy: o Relevance of pleasure and contentment Stoicism o Idea of Zeno o Happy only when we live in accordance with nature o Accept whatever happens o Socrates and his best student Plato o Convicted in 399 Epicureanism (432 BC) o ultimate pleasure was held to be freedom from anxiety and mental pain o Golden Age of Athens Rome (509 BC - 476BC) o Tiber River o By 509 BCE the Romans had driven the Etruscans out of the city The republic Conquest o 280 BCE Italy under Rome o Phoenicians o Carthage o Punic Wars War between Rome and the Phoenicians 444 o 218: Hannibal = Carthaginian general o 202: Rome had conquered carthage = start of colonization of the Mediterranean Sea Political System o Republic o Led by 2 consuls o Elected by the senate o Patricians o Tribunes - Empire o Julius Caesar o In 49 BCE he entered rome with his men o Octavius = first emperor Augustus - Empire and Management o Army o Legions very efficient Legionaries o 300,000 in permanent camps 10 years you had to be a - Monday - 16 – 28 You must serve as a solider - Control - Control of Britain 43 ACE - The Roman province of Judaea - Prefect: Pontius Pilate - 33 Jesus was crucified - How would you know you are in the Roman Empire? - Buildings - Roads o Why were roads important Communication Land Management - Language - Latin - Spread of a lifestyle - Roman Villas - Theater - Bath - Roads Everything is huge - Life in Rome o Games o Slavery o 1/3 of the population was slaves o They could rebel since there was so many of them o Latifundia 73-71 BCE: Revolt of Spartacus Ex-gladiator 70,000 General Crassus Crucified every slave o Showed Rome will not stand for Rebellion Food and Water Bath and Hygiene o Invented Sewer Fire - 64 ACE o Was used for light Major Fire happened and Christian was blamed for it o Influences One or two things we see today that was influenced from Rome Law System o Roman Law Architecture Latin root words today Roman Consuls o Similar to mayor’s role Ancient roman art Pantheon Twelve Tables = US constitution Calendar o Roman Entertainment Imperial Senatorial Equestrian Plebian Freedmen Slaves o Structures Theater Semicurcular elaborate stages Free standing Menda theater Amphitheater Munera; Gladiatorial fights and hunting shows Modern Stadium Pula Hippodrome/Circus Ludi Circenses; Horse races Very few remain today Circus Maximus; 350,000 o Theater Dance performances 3 century BCE: written plays Comedies and tragedies Actors: inflame Audience o Panen et Circenses Bread and Circuses Annona o Expansion of Gladitorial Games nd 2 Punic War: 218 – 201 BCE Battle of Cannine, 216 BCE: Major Hannible Victory Use of slave soldiers Elephants Augustus, 31 BCE – 14 ACE Imperial period and growth of amphitheaters Vespasian, 69 – 79 ACE, and his 2 sons to 96 ACE Flavian Dynasty Built roman Coliseum Judean Revolt Commodus (177-192) ACE Gladiator Terms Ludus – Gladitorial school Lanista: Owner of the ludus Editor: Sponser of the games Missio Infames: Gladiator were either slaves, former slaves, condemned prisoners, or foreign prisoners o Types of Gladiators Murmillones Thracian Bestiarrii Samnite Retiarii Death Rates 1 in 5 for losers Overall 1 in 10 nd rd 2 and 3 Centuries o 1 in 4 Chariot Races Origins: Greek, Etruscan Became the most popular event in the Roman World Horses: Spanish, North African Chariots 2 types o Biga o Quadriga o Full day of events The Hippodrome and Race terms o Spina: Center of the track o Pulvinar: Imperial box o Carceres: Starting gates o Mappa: Cloth thrown by the diginity to start a race o Diversium: When Charioteers would switch horses o Lap Counters o Naufragia: Race accidents, ship wreak Factions o Blue, Green, white, Red o Spectator Support as based on family tradition o Domini Faction: Master of the fraction o Conditor: head of the stable o Trainers, chariot makers, mimes, animal performers, musicians Charioteers o Free and Slave o Could purchase freedom from purses o Began as infames o Wore a specialized uniform attached the reins to themselves o Diolces, 2 ndcentury ACE o Polydus, 2th century ACE Decline of Shows o Christian Roman Empire – Emperor Constantine, 303-337 Ace o 404 ACE – Honorius bans gladiatorial shows o Germanic Migrations in the 4 and 5 centuries Western o XXXXXXXXXXXX Chariot Racing in the 6 century o Eastern Roman Empire = Byzantinum with Costantinople as its capital o Culture of Victory o XXXXXXXXXXXX Justinan and Theodora o Emperor of Byzantium, 527 – 565 ACE o Adopted son of Justin and Supporters of the blues o Theodora: Wife, former infames o Nika Revolt, 523 ACE - October 12; Mid-term - What to bring? Blue book - 100 pts - 50 Minutes - what to review? Everything since the beginning - Questions: o Multiple choice o Between 2 and 4 keyword o One document o One long answer - Ancient China o Brainstorms Confucius Dynasty Great wall Built wall to keep people outside kingdom - 2200 BCE – 550 BCE o Classical Age Emergence of Civilization o China had a strong relationship with Japan, and India o China was isolated Less Diverse More unity Less influence Writing is an example of there isolation o Alphabet is different o Agriculture Fertile Sol Cereals = Millet o The Yangtze Wetland Rice o Silk - Dynasty and Power Yu the great around 2200 BCE By 1750 BCE new powerful dynasty The Shang dynasty Zhou dynasty by 1100 BCE Even them, by 770 BCE the king had to flee the attacks of nomads High God Di for the Shang o Human Sacrifice Used to worship Gods Tomb was the setting for human sacrifices - Everyday life o Writing Thousands of characters First writing was on bones Very different from writing in Egypt and Mesopotamia - Philosophy o Chine school of philosophy vey important o Confucius (550 BCE) Order and respect was important to him 5 Main Relationships Ruler and subjects Father and son Husband and wife Elder and younger brother Between friends - 3 Short Questions o Detail and Explain the democratic system in Greece. o Compare the Roman and Chinese Empires (similarities and differences) o Explain the agriculture revolution and how it affected people? (base your answer on the Neolithic period, Mesopotamia, Egypt and China) - Compare with Rome and Egypt o Similarities and Differences China Made up of states that battled each other 415 BC o The Cheng dynasty Wanted to join the 7 states Silk Road Connected China The Cheng mastered horsemanship Mass production of weapons lead to foot soldiers. o Li Beng Created Levee that controlled flooding and created a water supply MT King was in the way so they carved through the MT Triggered population boom o Shi Huangdi (250-210) China’s first emperor Great Wall of China Workers suffered Created a great tomb (pyramid) Filled with Terakata warriors Rome/China Both had great armies Rome’s army was more organized. Had legions Believed in after life Lui Bang Silk Road Creation During the Han dynasty Enemies in the North, beyond the Great Wall Chinese emperor asked help to the West Sent people to negotiate Discover possible networks and roads in the west Establishment of long distance trade China to Europe Han Chinese Capital: Chang-an West through Mongolia Taklimakan Desert Can go south to India Can continue to Caspian Sea Then Mediterranean Sea and Europe Organization You need the road to be safe and guarded So when the Han dynasty disappeared the road kind of disappeared too Between 2000 BCE to 200 CE Mostly back camels from central Asia Could carry 500 pounds of stuff Silkworm DOC Since 2500 BCE Expensive to produce Silkworm to make cocoons Need to feed the worms with mulberry Tree leaves Every hour, day and night 2000 cocoons for one pound of silk Spices like cinnamon, cloves, ginger, and pepper To conserve food, you need salt and to add flavor you needed spices. Spices like cinnamon, cloves, ginger, and pepper From Europe? Wool Gold and Silver Glassware Olive oil WINE When two civilization meets New language New culture/food Diversity Diseases Some from China to Europe Small Pox Measles Those were later brought to the Americas by Columbus Millions of Native populations will die in America from Small Pox and Measles Bubonic Plague DOC Plague of Antonius in Rome, 165 – 180 CE Millions of people died in the Roman Empire Black Death 1346 – 1353 Killed between 65 and 200 Million people in Europe
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