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Research of Family Violence

by: Lindsay Bellinger

Research of Family Violence PSYX 348

Marketplace > University of Montana > Psychology (PSYC) > PSYX 348 > Research of Family Violence
Lindsay Bellinger

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About this Document

These notes cover the research that is carried out in the field of family violence
Psychology of Family Violence
Laura Kirsch
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsay Bellinger on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYX 348 at University of Montana taught by Laura Kirsch in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Family Violence in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Montana.

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Date Created: 10/10/16
Family Violence The study of family violence Researching family violence is hard because of ethical concerns: - Asking sensitive questions - Finding participants - Stigma and shame around the topic - Confidentiality issues Sources of data: - Hospital records - Police records - Community support group records - Self-report studies (victim and perpetrator) - Informant report (neighbor, teacher) - Direct observation Official statistics Uniform crime report (UCR): - Annually collected by the FBI form all the local law enforcement agencies - Focuses on major crimes (property and violent crimes) - Demographic data for people arrested is collected - Disadvantages: o Only crimes known to law enforcement are included o Doesn’t track crimes against children under the age of 12 o Only using the terms “stranger” or “non-stranger” in relation to violence Child abuse and neglect data systems: - Annual child maltreatment report published by US DHHS National electronic injury surveillance system - National representative sample of emergency rooms and A&E - Tracks injuries that are treated by hospital staff Nation crime victimization survey (NCVS) - Annually, census bureau and BJS collect data from a national representative sample of people aged 12+ - Frequency, characteristics and consequences of victimization are collected - Disadvantage: o Only serious crimes are recorded (rape, assault, theft) National crime against women survey - Intimate partner and sexual violence survey - Less frequent, smaller scale survey - More focused on family violence as oppose to other types of violence such as theft, burglary and assault against strangers Problems with victim surveys: - Sampling issues o Safety issues o Must have a phone (most surveys are conducted through phone calls) - Data for specific crimes only - Classification of crime (definitions) - Memory lapses - Response bias (over/under reporting) - Experimenter bias (expectancy effect) Perpetrator Surveys - Surveys asking people to disclose their criminal involvement o Confidentiality guarantee is always given o Mandatory reporting (if there is potential harm to children) - Advantages: o Can gain more information than with official statistics o Can research into offence frequency o Gives more accurate estimates o Can gain offender characteristics - Disadvantages: o Sensitive topic with sensitive questions being asked o Accuracy may be questionable o Answers may be manipulated or bias o Problems may occur getting in contact with perpetrators o Perpetrators may have memory problems = validity? Adverse Childhood experiences (ACE) survey - 17,000 medical patients - Confidential survey about childhood maltreatment, family dysfunction and current health status - Physical exam results Informant Report - Ask teachers, neighbors, other children and social workers about violence concerns Direct observation - Can be used to tech parents how to correctly interact with children - Ecological validity concerns


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