New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro to Sociology: You May Ask Yourself Chapter 16- Religion

by: Leah Notetaker

Intro to Sociology: You May Ask Yourself Chapter 16- Religion SOC 101- 406 (, Peter Hart-Brinson)

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire > SOC 101- 406 (, Peter Hart-Brinson) > Intro to Sociology You May Ask Yourself Chapter 16 Religion
Leah Notetaker

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the sixteenth chapter of You May Ask Yourself, focusing on religion, theories, its role in society and cultures, and how religion continues to change today.
Intro to Sociology
Peter K. Hart-Brinson
Class Notes
sociology, intro sociology, religion
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Sociology

Popular in Department

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leah Notetaker on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101- 406 (, Peter Hart-Brinson) at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Peter K. Hart-Brinson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 86 views.

Similar to SOC 101- 406 (, Peter Hart-Brinson) at UWEC


Reviews for Intro to Sociology: You May Ask Yourself Chapter 16- Religion


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/10/16
YOU MAY ASK YOURSELF CHAPTER 16 Religion  Religion- system of beliefs, traditions, practices around sacred things; set of shared “stories” that guide beliefs and actions o Sacred- holy things put to special use for worship of God/ supreme being; separate from profane things o Profane- things of mundane, everyday life  Sacred realms inspire us with wonder and awe; unknowable and mystical.  Sacred things’ powers from collective investment in religious community; offense if affronted.  Categories to describe religions. o Theism- worship of god/gods o Ethicalism- adherence to certain principles to lead a moral life o Animism- belief that spirits are a part of the natural world Major Religions  There are many different cultures, but religion around the world is universal.  Christianity is the world’s largest religion (32% of population) o Denomination- large group of congregations that share the same faith under one “umbrella” o Congregation- group of people who gather for worship  Islam is the second largest religion in the world. (23% of the population)  Hinduism is the third largest at 15%. o Polytheistic. o Not faith, but karma. Alignment will happen if you fulfill your role.  Buddhism is the fourth largest at 7%. o Ethicalism. o Karma. o Achieve nirvana by giving up cravings.  Judaism is the eleventh largest with 14 million followers.  16.3% of the world is not religious. (atheist, agnostic, humanist) o Secularism- movement away from religion towards science Religious Theories  Karl Marx o Used conflict theory. o Dialectal materialism- struggle among contradictory, interacting forces that lead to the creation of a third force which replaces the other two. o “Opiate of the masses”. o The promise of salvation is used to control the poor. (ex. caste system) o But many scholars disagree; a majority following does not simply mean a class function.  Max Weber o When enough people hold to a set of beliefs, history is altered forever. o Power of ideas. o When Protestants arose, they had a duty to fulfill to God in daily work. With the belief of predestination, success in life now meant success in the afterlife. This coincided with the rise in capitalism.  Emile Durkheim o Functionalist approach. o Our categories of thought came from religion; very important. o Religion creates collective realities. o Inspires individual members, then projected. o Strengthens social solidarity. Religion in the United States  The United States is highly religious and pluralistic, even more than any other developed Western nation. o Pluralism- presence and engaged coexistence or numerous distinct groups in one society; may discredit other views more easily o Sacred Canopy- feeling that life is worth living, reality is meaningful and ordered, not chaos  People look for different things in religion, making it difficult to unite.  Christianity is the most common religion in the U.S. o Evangelical- the Bible is without error, salvation in the belief of Jesus Christ, “born again”, and conversion of others part of beliefs o Fundamentalist- the Bible is the literal Word of God  Minority faiths are often persecuted at first, and the people are encouraged to assimilate. (ex. Catholics, Muslims)  Service attendance is seemingly declining in the U.S.  Yet at the same time, religious beliefs and spirituality are on the rise. Why Do People Value Faith?  Sociologists are interested in why people value faith, which is examined in microsociology.  Religious Experience- an individual’s spiritual feelings, acts, and experiences  Reflexive Spirituality- encourages followers to look to religion for meaning, wisdom, and profound thought and feeling rather than for absolute truths on how the world works; less tension with science Social Movements in the U.S.  Before national institutions were established in the U.S., religion was used as a way to connect people. (ex. abolition, prohibition)  Mass conversions and confession happened across the country.  A more modern example would be the work of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. o Religion was used as a tool of organization and resources. o This created social networks, coalitions, communications, and community funding.  Yet religion may also be used to dismiss, oppress, and marginalize certain groups. Social Landscape  Religion plays a role in everyday life. o Family- religious people have more kids, divorce less often. o Race- Catholic churches more likely to have diverse members; black churches play a major role in black communities o Gender- women are more involved in religion than men; tend to follow more traditional roles o Class- higher education = more role in religious activities, more donations, but lower attendance; low income families more likely to practice religion, often at home o Age- older people more religious, helps them to age more gracefully o Geography- Catholics in NE and SW, Lutherans in Midwest, Baptists in the South, Mormons in Utah. o Politics- left leaning liberals less religious than more conservative leaning people Commercialization of Religion  Religion is a major business in the U.S. with billions given each year.  Films, books, jewelry, and other types of merchandise is available.  “Religion shopping” is common, especially among teens, as many people switch religions in their lives.  How to sell God. o 1. If You Can’t Beat Them, Join Them- offer secular activities, strip traditional dogma o 2. Bigger is Better- growth of megachurches; more entertainment, pop culture o 3. Speed Pleases- quick services done in under an hour o 4. Sex Sells- combine the Bible with youth pop culture (ex. magazines)  Megachurch- church which attracts more than 2,000 visitors each week  Supernatural Compensators- promise of future rewards, such as salvation and eternity in heaven; ministers must “sell” to people  In spite of all this, the quality of religion in the U.S. with competition is much better than that of state-controlled religious monopolies. Organization  There are many social patterns of organization of religion. o Churches- coexist in a low state of tension in social surroundings; world affirming o Sects/ Sectarian Groups- high tension, don’t fit well; attract low privilege, downplay worldly suffering  Limited contact with outside world.  Often develop into new churches.  Modernize, but decline. o Cult- makes a new claim about the supernatural, does not fit in the sect/ church cycle  Very high tension.  Antagonized social world. Growth of Conservative Churches  Conservative churches are growing because of their strictness and anti-mainline nature.  There are often “entry fees” in order to avoid attracting free riders who will not contribute.  Better at mobilizing resources and building stronger communities. Conclusion: Religion continues to be a powerful part of society and our daily lives.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.