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BIBL 101 - Week 8 Notes

by: Hailey Barns

BIBL 101 - Week 8 Notes BIBL 101

Marketplace > Abilene Christian University > Bible > BIBL 101 > BIBL 101 Week 8 Notes
Hailey Barns

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About this Document

These are the class notes from Monday, October 10th.
Jesus: His Life and Teachings
Stephen Austin
Class Notes
Two-Source, hypothesis, Redaction, criticism, Emendation, analysis, composition, Geneaology, Infancy, narrative, matthew, Gospel




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Barns on Monday October 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIBL 101 at Abilene Christian University taught by Stephen Austin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Jesus: His Life and Teachings in Bible at Abilene Christian University.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
10/10/2015 Jesus: His Life and Teachings The Gospel of Matthew Two­Source Hypothesis  Matthew and Luke draw from Mark, but this Gospel is not the only written source.  Scholars hypothesize that Matthew and Luke are also sourced from Q, a  hypothetical second source. Redaction Criticism  A critical approach that gives attention to the work of the redactor or editor.  This approach highlights the distinctive voice and theology of each evangelist.   Two main types of analysis: o Emendation analysis – additions, omissions, alterations, etc. o Composition analysis – arrangement and framing Employing Redaction Criticism  Emendation Analysis – In comparing Matthew and Mark…  o Matthew is known to portray the disciples more favorably, while Mark  tends to describe the disciples as men of little faith. o Mark inserts various literary elements into his work, similar to a storyteller  or oral tradition, while Matthew offers a condensed version of Mark’s  content. o Matthew addresses his Gospel to a Jewish audience, and therefore  chooses not to elaborate on the Jewish traditions and teachings. o Matthew references the “Kingdom of God”, Mark references the “Kingdom  of Heaven”. This is because Matthew’s intended Jewish audience would  be more sensitive to the repeated use of God’s name.  o It is speculated that Matthew is addressing a wealthier, more urban  audience in comparison to Mark’s rural audience. o There is a pattern in Matthew’s gospel that does not include the identities  and details of the religious leaders mentioned in Mark.  Composition Analysis – In comparing Matthew and Mark o Matthew arranges his material into five blocks (Jesus’ speeches) of  teaching and narrative. They are given in pairings of discourse with a  following narrative. This is not found in Mark. o Matthew arranges his material into five blocks in reference to the Five  Books of Moses (the Pentateuch) in the Old Testament. It may be that  10/10/2015 Matthew intentionally arranged his material into five in order to invoke the  Pentateuch to illustrate that Jesus is the “second Moses”. Basic Information  Date: 80 C.E. (this is only approximate) Scholars hypothesize this date because  the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE is mentioned. Matthew includes the  parable of the king’s wedding banquet in reference to the destruction of the  Temple as punishment from God.  Authorship:  o Traditional attribution: Matthew, a tax collector and one of the Twelve.  He is believed to be an eyewitness of Jesus’ life. However, there are no  indicators in the book that point to Matthew as the author. o Author revealed in the text: a Greek speaker who knew Aramaic or  Hebrew, probably a Jewish­Christian. This is during a period when Jesus  followers were Jews, rather than Gentiles.  Location: Syria, probably Antioch. Antioch is speculated because the first people that mention Matthew in their own writings were location in Antioch. Matthew  differs from Mark in the aspect that he adds Syria as a location of Jesus’ ministry. The Genealogy  Genealogies can be presented in different ways, so, what is significant about  Matthew’s presentation? Matthew begins with Abraham, possibly in accordance  with his Jewish audience (Luke goes back to Adam, not Abraham). Matthew also  arranges his genealogy in stages, with fourteen generations in between each  major event. Abraham    David  Babylonian exile   Jesus.  Although Matthew’s genealogy is mainly patriarchal, women are mentioned,  including Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, and Bathsheba, the “wife of Uriah”. Why does  Matthew highlight these women that lived on the outskirts? Matthew chooses to  highlight these women in order to emphasize that Jesus’ ministry reaches farther  than ethnic Israel. Additionally, the majority of the women are illustrated as  women of sexual immorality, possibly to precede the virgin birth of Jesus to Mary. Infancy Narrative   Why does Matthew include an infancy narrative? Mark did not.   Perhaps Matthew did this to characterize Jesus. He emphasizes Jesus’ Davidic  ancestry and includes the story of the wise men to portray Jesus as royalty. He  10/10/2015 also uses this ancestry to affirm Jesus’ identity as the Messiah (it was promised  that an heir of David would reclaim the throne).  Jesus’ infancy narrative mirrors Moses’. This is intentional in constructing a  “Moses typology” and comparing Jesus to Moses.


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