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Lecture 2: Defining Communication Lecture Notes

by: Stephanie Pomales

Lecture 2: Defining Communication Lecture Notes CMN 10Y

Marketplace > University of California - Davis > Communications > CMN 10Y > Lecture 2 Defining Communication Lecture Notes
Stephanie Pomales
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

These notes cover the very first lecture by Professor Taylor in Intro to Communication. It discusses how we define communication as well as basic communication theories.
Introduction to Communications
Prof Laramie Taylor
Class Notes
Communications, theories, Introduction, intro, Interpersonal
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Pomales on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CMN 10Y at University of California - Davis taught by Prof Laramie Taylor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Communications in Communications at University of California - Davis.

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Date Created: 10/11/16
Intro   to   Communications   10Y  Professor  L  aramie   Taylor  Lesson   2:   Defining   Communications  Written   by:    tephanie   L.   Pomales    1. What   is   Communications?  a. We   all   have   an   intuitive   sense   of   what   communication   is  b. Definition:   Each   act   of   transmitting   information,   this   includes   thoughts,  ideas,   and   emotions.   The   process   of   sending   and   receiving   messages   through  verbal  a  nd   nonverbal  m   eans.   c. Media   channels  w   e   use    ommunication:  i. Technical   media   ­   radio,   computers,   notebooks  ii. Can   include   eyes,   ears,   hands,   etc.   in   a   broader   sense  d. Pyramid   of   Communication   (top   to   bottom)   i. Societal   Communication   ­   studied   by   historians   and   sociologists  ii. Institutional   Communication   ­   studied   by   sociologists   and   anthropologists  iii. Group   Communication   ­   studied   by   sociologists   and   psychologists  iv. Intrapersonal   Communication   ­   studied   by   psychologists  2. More   About  D   efining  C  ommunication  a. If   nobody   hears   does   communication   happen?  i. Ex:   The   Golden   Record   in   Space   ­   a   satellite   is   transmitting   information   to  space  i n   hopes   o eaching  f  oreign   lifeforms  ii. The   answer   is   NO.   b. Communication   is   the   process   of   sending   and   receiving   information.   i. Communication   can   happen   even   if   the   communication   was   not   intended.   ii. We   can’t    ot   ommunicate    ­  f  or  xample  o   n   a   publi  us   you   may   avoid  eye   contact   with   others,   you   are   still   communicating   with   the   other  passengers   that   you   do   not   want   to   talk   to   them  iii. Communication   theories   help   us   understand   and   explain   communication   in  the   real   world  3. Communication  T   heories   and    rocesses  a. Theories  o   f   Communication  i. Help   us   understand   what   it   means   to   communication   as   well   as   how  communication   functions.   ii. Theory:   a   statement   about   reality   that   seeks   to   explain   or   predict  relationships,  N  OT   a   guess  1. EX:   Theory   of   gravity   or   theory   of   natural   selection  b. Communication   theories   can   predict   communication,   predict   consequences,   and  explain   ommunications  c. Models   are   visual   representations   of   theorizes   relationships   that   are   general   or  specific  d. Based   on  o   bservational   and   evidence   i. Natural   observation   is   usually   where   it   begins   for   communications  ii. Systematic  o   bservations,   surveys,   and   experiments  e. Theory   Variation   i. Can    e  ough  t o   test  ii. Some   are   universal,   some   are   narrow,   message   or   the   act  4. Communication   Transmissions  a. Transmission  M   odel   (Shannon  a   nd   Weaver)   i. A   linear   model   that   states   a   sender   creates   a   message   that   reaches   an  audience   1. Sender   ­  M  essage  ­     Audience  2. Who  ­     hat      channel     whom   ­   effect   ii. This   is   ONLY   effective   when   the   desired   effect   is   reached   and   correctly  interpreted,   this   has   lead   to   an   emphasis   on   effect  iii. Noise   ­   anything   that   disrupts   the   flow   of   communication  b. Basic   Communication  M   odel   i. David   Berlo’s   SMCR   model :   Sender   ­   message   ­   channel   ­   receiver   ii. Channel   ­   route   by   which   the   message   travels,   can   include   the   medium  that   is   used   iii. Five   basic   elements:   sender,   receiver,   encoding   and   decoding,   message,  channel   iv. The   sender   encodes   the   message   as   words,   pictures,   etc.   and   the   receiver  decodes  t he    essage  v. The   transfer   of   information   is   linear   (one   way)  c. Criticism   i. Both   of   the   above   models   do   not   allow   for   feedback   loops   so   that   the  receiver   can   respond   to   the   message  5. Reception   and   Audience  T   heories  a. These   theories   flows   on   understanding   and   gaining   meaning   i. In   these   theories   there   is   NO   RIGHT   interpretation,   depends   on   the  receiver  ii. Messages   can   be   polysemic   (or   have   many   meanings)  b. Theory  o   f   Encoding   and   ecoding  i. Production    ­   shows   ideas   encoded   into   a   message   which   is   based   on   the  sender's      experiences   and   beliefs   as   well   as   the   receivers   experiences   and  beliefs  ii. Circulation   ­     when   the  essage  i s   made  vailable   to   he   receiver  iii. Use  ­     when   the   receiver   actively   constructs   meaning   based   on   her   own   and  societies   beliefs   and    alues    iv. Reproduction    ­   the   consequence   of   the   messages   use   and   reproduction  c. Three   Types   of   Decoding  i. Dominant    ­   recipient   decodes   the   message   the   way   it   was   encoded   and  there   is   an   understanding   between   the   receiver   and   sender   ii. Negotiated   ­     message  r eceivers  u  nique   experiences,   but  p   artly   shares   with  dominant   decoding  t  ypes  iii. Oppositional    ­   fundamentally   different   from   dominant   meaning   iv. In   Class   Example   ­   Elsa   from   Frozen   “Let   it   Go”:  1. Dominant   ­   the   song   is   about   a   girl   asserting   her   freedom   to   be  herself   2. Negotiated   ­   the   song   is   really   a   metaphor   for   her   growing   maturity  and   sexual   oppression   3. Oppositional   ­   the   song   is   about   Elsa   coming   out,   she   is   no   more  free   than   she   was   before      


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