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GEOG 2120; week 7

by: John Fauver

GEOG 2120; week 7 GEOG 2120

John Fauver

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These notes cover lecture on Oct. 11
World Regional Geography
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by John Fauver on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 2120 at George Washington University taught by Dymond in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see World Regional Geography in Geography at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 10/11/16
South China Sea  China and Vietnam have high population density along sea  Paracel Islands in northwest central part and Spratly Islands in south central part  In 2010, China asserted they had indisputable sovereignty of Spratly Islands  Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei claim sovereignty  China is building artificial islands to add claims of Sea (China also is significantly patrolling islands)  U.S. has military presence and call its patrols "freedom of navigation patrols"  Spratly Islands have a lot of oil and natural gas under sea floor  1/3 to 1/2 of commercial maritime tonnage passes through the South China Sea  We have not come up with strategies to combat crime and terrorism in the region  Pirates in south China sea are primarily Malay and Indonesian  Pirates are after safes full of money (accounting departments on ships) Singapore  In almost every ranking Singapore, Rotterdam and Hong Kong make top five ports  Singapore is 85 miles north of the equator  Strait of Johor separates Malaysia from the main island of Singapore  60-63 smaller islands  Highest point is 570 feet high  Population is 5.6 million people  Climate is very warm, tropical, humid  Mean January temperature is 77 and mean June temperature is 81 Political History  Singapore island was just fishing villages before British control  Thomas Raffles claimed Singapore for British East India company in 1819  First he leased the land from an Indonesian Sultan (then British and Dutch controlled significant part of Southeast Asia)  Very advantageous site and situation characteristics  1854: British got Singapore and Malaysia after signing treaty with Dutch  British government formally took control of Singapore from East India Company in 1867  British set up extensive trade and either imported people from different parts of the world (Particularly India) or people migrated in because of extensive trade  3 prominent populations: Chinese, Malay and Indian  Japanese gained control briefly during WW2 (1942-1945)  In 1948, union between Malaysia and Singapore was formed that would exist for next 12 years (this union was weak and the two countries never agreed). The union was called the Malaysian Federation  By 1958 Singapore had its own constitution  Elections were held in 1959  Singapore gained sovereignty in 1960  Sovereign Singapore joined with Malaysia again between 1963 and 1965  76% Chinese, 15% Malay, 7% Indian  Remainder is mix of foreigners like Europeans  Largest religion is Buddhist, next is Christian, then Muslims, then Hindu  Languages: Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil, English (all 4 official languages of Singapore)  Public education is in English and whatever the person's first language is  Lots of Chinese settled in Southeast Asia in 1400s and 1500s (they were known as straits Chinese)  Peranakan: people descended of the Chinese people who settled in the Malaysia peninsula (Singapore uses this term)  Peranakans fought for their culture/identity and Singapore realized money could be made off of Peranakan culture Population Density/Housing  Space and open land is huge issue in Singapore  Singapore has tried to create land fill and conducted island making to mitigate density issue  Housing Development Board oversees vast majority of housing in Singapore  Government owns 80-90% of housing in Singapore  People combine 99 year leases  Most housing are apartments/flats that are in housing estates  Government creates clusters/neighborhoods of housing estates that are unique from others Social Engineering  Government has tried to create a sense of the national identity since 1965 (Singaporean first and Malay-Singaporean second)  Singapore has gotten heavily involved in population control  Singapore encouraged smart and educated people to have kids  Singapore claims to have no slums, crime, poverty, pollution (not all 100% successful)  People from Indonesia and Philippines are manual laborers  Wholesale and retail trade, financial and business services  Lots of electronics and biomedical product manufacturing  One of the world's largest petrochemical refining centers  Tourism is another significant part of the economy  Singapore is the only world city in Southeast Asia  Singapore has harsh punishment for many crimes  Singapore does not have many natural resources  There is a lot of competition between Singapore and Malaysia and Indonesia to be largest economy in Southeast Asia  Singapore refines and processes Indonesia's natural resources (both are dependent on each other)  Singapore has to buy half of its fresh water from Malaysia (however they do not get along)


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