Week 8 Notes
Week 8 Notes PSYC 101 - 001
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PSYC 450 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaeli on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 - 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Michelle Maria Kitchen (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
Week 8 Notes Motivation and Emotion Motivation o Urge to move towards something o Drives exist to fill a need Need food, water, oxygen State of tension o Incentive An external push toward something o Drive reduction model Physiological balance is off, driven to maintain it Set point Maintains what works best Works even with weight Sensory detectors control drives o Optimal arousal Specific amount of a physiological need that is optimal for individual people Leads to an optimal performance Flow Optimal challenge in order to perform to the best of your ability Nonphysiological needs challenge flow o Evolutionary model Internal drive is the only explanation for what we do Assure we have basic survival and reproductive needs met Everything else is cast aside Do what feels good Don’t do what feels bad o Hierarchal model Most basic physiological needs to selfactualization Basic needs at the bottom Everything on the first 3 tiers is survival based Selfactualization is optimal Fullest potential If we reach actualization, discrimination would disappear Motivation o Moving towards a goal to accomplish something Needs Drives Incentives Balance all 3 to reach optimal levels o Hunger Hormones Delurein and Neuropeptide Y o Activate stomach contractions Leptin and Insulin o Decrease hunger Eat more when comfortable Preferences are shaped by biology What you grow up with is what you like Takes about 1015 exposures to a food for an individual to like it Once preferences are made, someone is motivated and maybe driven towards it Weight is nature and nurture Nature says eat Most of the time nurture says don’t Dieting does not work o Myths: Low fat low carb diets are good Having smaller more frequent meals helps lose weight o It is healthy to succumb to your eating urges Yoyoing causes immune deficiencies o Need of affiliation o Need for success
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