Developmental Psyc Chapter 6 Notes
Developmental Psyc Chapter 6 Notes psyc2040
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psyc2040 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Wissman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
Chapter 6 – Emotional and Social Development in Toddlerhood Erikson’s Stages: Trust vs. Mistrust Responsiveness, sympathetic/balance of care Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt guidance and reasonable choices, reasonable expectations for impulse control First appearance of basic emotion: Happiness: smile from birth, social smile 6-10 weeks, laugh 3-4 months Anger/sadness: anger 4-6 months, sadness (infant communication) Fear: 6-12 months, stranger anxiety Social Referencing: Reliance on a trusted person’s emotional reactions to learn how to react in different situations Referencing is used as a teaching tool Self-Conscious Emotions: 1 ½ 3 years (shame, embarrassment, guilt, pride, envy) o Requires awareness of self (independence) Emotional Self-Regulation = adjusting to own emotional intensity *Requires effortful control, caregivers contribute Structures of Temperament: Easy = 40% Difficult = 10% Slow-to-Warm = 15% Unclassified = 35% Goodness of fit = effective child rearing good fit w/ temperament Bowlby’s Ethological theory of attachment Preattachment (birth 6 weeks) Attachment-in-the-Making Phase (6 weeks 6 months) Clear Cut Attachment Phase – Separation anxiety (6 months 2 years) Reciprocal relationship with Caregiver (2 years +) Attachment security: Secure = 60% Avoidant = 15% Resistant = 10% Disorganized/Disoriented = 15% Factors for Attachment = Consistent caregiving, quality of caregiving, infant characteristics, parents internal working models Multiple attachments: father, siblings, grandparents, professional caregivers Role of Paternal Warmth = father play, promoted by time spent with them, cooperation of parents Siblings = majority of children have siblings, new babies can be stressful, rich emotional relationship, emotional reactivity increase sibling conflict Secure attachment leads to cognitive emotional and social competence as well as favorable development Self-Development = Self-awareness self recognition empathy Categorical Self = classifying self and others into social categories used to organize behavior (including gender-type) Self-Control = inhibit impulses, socially acceptable behavior Depends on awareness, confidence, and memory Compliance = 12-18 months, obeying simple requests, delay of gratification (1 ½ 3 years)
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