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History 101, Week 8 Notes

by: James Ernst

History 101, Week 8 Notes History 101

James Ernst
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About this Document

Brief history of the beginning of the Roman Republic.
World Civilization I
Rebecca Tuuri
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by James Ernst on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 101 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Rebecca Tuuri in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see World Civilization I in History at University of Southern Mississippi.


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Date Created: 10/11/16
The Roman Republic nd IDs: Etruscans, 2 Punic War, Hannibal, Julius Caesar Founding of Rome:  Mythology story of Romulus and Remus o Raised by wolf o When they grew up they said they would find a new city(Rome) o Romulus found city  Etruscans had a loose group of city states o Had strong kings o Gave women powerful roles in society o Took over ruler ship of Rome o Early kings of Rome were Etruscans Roman republic  Founded in 509 BCE  Patrician and Plebian system  Senate-300 members for ½ million people o Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR)  2 Consuls o Immune from prosecution o 1 year term o Could veto one another o Could call a dictator for 6 months  Censors o Elected every 5 years Expansion of Power  200Bce Rome could muster 400,000 troops Roman Social Glue  By 250 BCE Romans controlled all of Italy  Strong State Religion o Goal: Gods and humans into harmony o Group matters more than individual  Father was the head of the house hold Punic Wars 264-241 BCE  Rome Gained interest in Sicily with expansion  Carthage o Founded in 8 century o Had colonies in Spain o Also interested in Sicily st  1 Punic War o Rome Build Navy o Horrible losses on both sides o Forced to pay large fee and to leave Sicily  Rome built navy from scratch  200 thousand men were lost  Don’t incorporate Sicilians as full Romans  Gladiator games kept romans entertained during time of war o Human sacrifice o Distraction from war 2ndPunic War 218-202 BCE  Carthage recovers from first war  Hannibal invaded Italy with 40000 infantry, 9000 cavalry, and 37 war elephants crossing Alps  216BCE beat roman army at Cannae o Bloodiest battle  204 Romans invade North Africa  202 BCE- Battle of Zama- Scipio Africanus (236-183 BCE)  New Treaty-Carthage forbidden form waging war without Rome’s Consent o 146BCE- Punic War- Carthage destroyed o Salted earth (so nothing would ever grow again) Breakdown of Republic  133BCE- Tiberius Gracchus (ca. 169- murder in 133BCE) o Economic reformer o Proposal before plebians not senate  Rise of private armys Marius(157-86BCE), Sulla(died 78 BCE), Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44 BCE)  Trimumvirate o Gnaeus Pompeius (106-48BCE) o Marcus Licinius (112-53 BCE) o Gaius Julius Caesar o Pompeius marries Caesars Daughter  Senate orders Caesar to Stop Power o He refuses


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