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Week 8 Chatpter 5 class notes

by: Alissa Cherry

Week 8 Chatpter 5 class notes 16985

Marketplace > Kansas State University > FSHS 110 > 16985 > Week 8 Chatpter 5 class notes
Alissa Cherry
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

Development over the course of middle childhood
Intro Human Development
Katie Thompson-Laswell
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alissa Cherry on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 16985 at Kansas State University taught by Katie Thompson-Laswell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro Human Development in FSHS 110 at Kansas State University.


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Date Created: 10/11/16
Chapter 5--Middle Childhood Biological Domain 1. Growth is slow and steady during this period with children generally adding 2 to 3 inches in height and 5 to 7 pounds in weight per year. This is the time when girls are generally taller than boys due to more rapid physical development 2. Motor development shows mastery of many new skills due to these reasons: a. More adult-like proportions--legs longer, head more proportional b. Myelination--more has occurred leading to better message transfer c. More practice of gross and fine motor skills due to school, sports, activities 2 Health during this period is generally robust, however injuries/accidents can increase due to more independence and mobility 3 Common signs of ADHD a. Persistent difficulty finishing tasks, following directions, organizing work b. Frequent interruption of others or excessive talking; inability to watch tv show in entirety c. Tendency to jump into task before hearing al directions d. Difficulty waiting, remaining seated; fidgeting, squirming Cognitive Domain 1 In Piaget's theory, children move from somewhat illogical and egocentric thought in the preoperational stage to thought that is logical and characterize by the use of operations in the concrete operational stage 2 Vygotsky believed that cognitive advances occur through exposure to information within the zone of proximal development = the level at which a child can almost, but not fully, perform a task independtly, but can do so with the assistance of someone more competent 3 Three characteristics of language development: a. Vocabulary continues to increase, mastery of grammar improves b. Understanding of syntax and pragmatics improves; decoding when based on intonation still troublesome, some phonemes still troublesome c. Increase in metalinguistic awareness 2 Metalinguistic awareness is a significant language development in middle childhood which children show increasing understanding of their own use of language. This advancement allows for increased self-control through the use of self-talk 3 Intelligence is he capacity to understand the world, think with rationality and use resources effectively when faced with challenges 4 Traditional measures of intelligence measure school performance quite well and view intelligence as a single factor while alternative conceptions of intelligence see it as multidimensional 5 Cultural background and experience have the potential to affect intelligence test scores Psychosocial Domain 1 Erikson proposed eight stages -- Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. guilt, and Industry vs. inferiority 2 During middle childhood, children begin to view themselves less in terms of external physical attributes and more in terms of psychological traits 3 Self-esteem changes in important ways in this period. They increasingly compare themselves to others and develop their own standards by which to measure themselves. Their self-esteem increases during this period 4 Kohlberg proposed a series of fixed stages in the development of moral reasoning. He used moral dilemmas to assess moral reasoning. 5 In Preconventional morality, people follow unvarying rules based on rewards and punishments a. Stage 1-the orientation is obedience and punishments--obey rules to avoid punishment b. Stage 2-the orientation is reward--obey rules to obtain benefit 2 In conventional morality, people approach problems in terms of their own position as good, responsible members of society a. Stage 3-the orientation is to obtain social approval--"good boy" b. Stage 4-the orientation is to maintain social order and obey authority 2 In postconventional morality, universal moral principles are invoked and considered broader than a particular society a. Stage 5-the orientation is the social contract=balance of individual rights and societal order b. Stage 6-the orientation is universal ethics=moral ideals that guide--laws are attempts to express these but not always effective 2 Carol Gilligan proposed the ways I which boys and girls are raised/socialized leads to differences in moral reasoning. Boys view morality primarily in terms of broad principles such as justice and fairness; girls see it in terms of responsibility toward individuals and willingness to sacrifice themselves to help specific individuals within the context of particular relationships. Compassion is the greater factor for women than it is for men. a. Stage 1-the orientation is toward individual survival--what is best for the self b. Stage 2-the orientation is toward goodness as self- sacrifice--goodness to truth c. Stage 3-the orientation is morality of nonviolence--hurting no one, including self 2 Friendships in middle childhood play an increasingly important role. Friends influence each other in these ways: a. Provide emotional support and help handle stress b. Teach how to manage and control emotions and communicate with others c. Fosters intellectual growth, practice relationship skills 2 Friendships pass through three stages moving toward higher levels of trust, intimacy, loyalty 3 During this period, children spend less time with parents but parents are still their major influence. Children have increasing independence and more coregulation of their own behavior


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