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GY 101 - Oct 11 Lecture Notes

by: Savannah L

GY 101 - Oct 11 Lecture Notes GY 101

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Geography > GY 101 > GY 101 Oct 11 Lecture Notes
Savannah L

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Lecture Notes from October 11, 2016
Atmospheric Processes & Patterns
Eben Broadbent
Class Notes
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Popular in Atmospheric Processes & Patterns

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah L on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Eben Broadbent in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Atmospheric Processes & Patterns in Geography at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 10/11/16
GY 101 – OCT 11 Latent Heat Exchange Reminder Solid Water Liquid Water Water Vapor ------------------------------------------------ HEAT ENERGY RELEASED HEAT ENERGY ABSORBED ----------------------------------------------------------- Lapse Rates  Unsaturated Adiabatic Lapse Rate o UALR (DALR) = 9.8 Degrees C/km (approx. 10 C/km)  Saturated Adiabatic Lapse Rate o SALR = variable (approx. 5 C/km)  Environmental Lapse Rate o ELR depends on local conditions  Normal (Average) Lapse Rate o NLR = 6.5 C/km  Stability Atmospheric Stability: Lifting Condensation Level 1. As T decreases, RH increases 2. Parcels may switch from DALR to SLAR as it rises (at condensation level) 3. Switch occurs at lifting condensation level (where RH = 100%) Condensation Level  Elevation where RH = 100%  Clouds (fog) form  Adiabatic Lapse Rates Change  Vapor pressure decreases with continued cooling Atmospheric Stability  As parcel rises it expands and cools  loses ability to hold moisture  increase RH  saturation likely  clouds  Parcel cools according to lapse rate Clouds  Aggregation of tiny moisture droplets  50% coverage of earth  Precipitation formation processes: o Collision-Coalescence Process o Bergeron Ice-Crystal Process  Why don’t clouds and their water droplets fall down?  Droplets are very easy to keep vertically rising Cloud Types and Identification  Classification o Altitude  Low  Middle  High  Vertically Developed o Shape  Flat  Puffy  Wispy  Stratus o Low o 10,000 ft down o Layered  Nimbostratus: it’s the same cloud, yet it’s raining  Alto Clouds o 15-30k feet  Nimbus o Added to a cloud when precipitation is occurring  Cirrus o High o Wispy  Cumulus o Puffy


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