Week 8 Exam prep
Week 8 Exam prep POLS 1010
Popular in Politics in the United States
Popular in Political Science
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aunjela Latham on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1010 at Ohio University taught by Barry Tadlock in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Politics in the United States in Political Science at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
Civil Rights (part two) 1.Civil Rights review 2. Brown v. BOE 3. Exam Prep! Civil Liberties- What the government is not allowed to do (ten amendments) Civil Rights- what the government has to do for us. CIvil Rights after Brown ● Government discrimination on the basis of race must pass s trict scrutiny legal standard.. - Is the program a compelling state interest? - Is it as narrowly tailored as possible (does it affect as few people as possible) - Does it use the least restrictive means possible to accomplish its goal? State refused to cooperate until sued, and they employes various methods to delay obedience. ● Deep southern states refused to obey court-ordered desegregation of schools and declared Supreme Court’s decisions and orders had no effect. - In 1957, Governor Orval Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to block the federal government’s order to integrate Little Rock High School. ● Discrimination still remained in voting, employment, public accommodations, and other areas of social and economic activity, ● Adjudication alone would not succeed in changing discriminatory las. - Progress would need not just courts and federal agencies, but also intense support. - Organized demonstrations b egan to mount after rown decision, including the Montgomery boycott of the bus system and the March on Washington. Civil Rights Act of 1964 ● Public accommodations could no longer be inferior or segregated. ● Title VI of the act strengthened the hand of the executive branch in dealing with segregated schools. ● Title VII of the act created Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and allowed for the Justice Department to enforce fair-employment practices. Voting Rights Act of 1965 ● Made interference with the right to vote on the basis of race a federal issue ● Bans literacy test ● Preclearance requirements for specific states and religions due to extensive record of disenfranchisement policies or attempts Women and Gender Discrimination ● Women and Gender Discrimination - Equal Rights Amendments - United States v. Virginia (1996) - Young v. United Parcel Service (2015) Have Women Achieved Equal Rights? - Access to education ? - Women in congress and state legislature then and today Affirmative Action Equalizing opportunity by eliminating discriminatory barriers evolved into the goal of affirmative action ● Affirmative action government policies or programs seek to redress past injustices against specified groups by making special efforts to provide members of those groups with access to educational and employment opportunities. ● President Lyndon Johnson first pursued a policy of minority employment in the federal civil service and in companies doing business with government. ● Affirmative action did not become a prominent goal of the national government until the 1970s. Exam Prep! - Reading quiz questions will be 50% of the exam - Study guides at the end of chapter ( in the textbook - Chapters 1-4 - Flashcards on blackboard - Questions from speakers - Citizen and Government - Founding and the constitutions - Federalism - Civil liberties Review -What is politics [ Laswell (1936)] - who gets what,when and how? -According to the Founding Fathers, all of the following are functions of government EXCEPT: Popular sovereignty -Which of the following is true of government and politics? Govn- institute politics- interactions - OU was founded in 1804 as a direct result of The Northwest Ordinance - Which of the following is an example of a policy designed to support equality of outcome: An increase in minimum wage - Ab out what percentage of Americans know who’s job it is to determine whether a law is constitutional or not : 70% - What percent of Americans are able to name at least two branches of government: 25% - National Origins Quota Systems adopted in 1924, does what? Allows more immigrants from Northern European countries from Germany and Norway and restrict numbers of immigrants from other parts of the world - Under the Naturalization Act of 1790 , which of the following were requirements for citizenship: be white and have lived in the country for at least two years. - According to the Naturalization Act of 1906 , which were the requirements to become a US citizen: be white and speak english - Which immigrations law transferred power over immigration from the states to the federal government : Naturalization Act of 1906 - Which of the following statements are true about the percent of the foreign-born population in the US : The percent of foreign born population is currently about the same as it was over 100 years ago - Which is considered to be one of the keys of successes of the Articles of Confederation: Northwest Ordinance - Which is true about African Americans immediately following the Revolutionary war: Some states passed laws banning free blacks from entering the state - Which is true regarding women immediately following the Revolutionary war: Prohibition on women’s suffrage become common in many states - The closing of Athens Insane Asylum is a direct result of which of the following: Devolution / backlash at unfunded mandates at the states. Transferring more authority back to the government. -
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