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HONR 201 The Odyssey Notes

by: Chris

HONR 201 The Odyssey Notes HONR 201

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About this Document

These are the notes for the Odyssey
Inquiries of the Ancient World
Dr. Lindberg
Class Notes
Greek Mythology




Popular in Inquiries of the Ancient World

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chris on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HONR 201 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Lindberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Inquiries of the Ancient World in Honors at Ball State University.

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Date Created: 10/11/16
What/who you should know from The Odyssey: Gods  Pallas/Athena o Disguised as Mentor the whole time  Poseidon o Trying to end Odysseus because he blinded his son, Polyphemus.  Zeus/Jove o Father of Athena, helps dictate what Athena does  Juno/Hera o Hera is first mentioned when Menelaus of Sparta says that Agamemnon was saved by Hera. Because of Hera, Hermes had to kill Argos a strong monster who watched over the underworld but failed to watch the woman whom Zeus was having an affair with named Io who was disguised as a cow.  Hermes o Hermes was the messenger of the gods who wore golden winged sandals. In the Odyssey, Hermes does 3 things: 1) Sends the spirits of the dead to the underworld 2) Helps Odysseus resist Circe, a witch who transforms men into animals, by giving him a flower that allows him to resist her magic. 3) Convinces Calypso, a nymph who keeps Odysseus captive for ten years, to let him go. Royal families of Sparta  Menelaus and Helen o They allow Odysseus to stay in Sparta. They talk about the battle at Troy of Pylos  Nestor and Pisistratus o Pisistratus, the son of Nestor, accompanies Telemachus to Sparta of Ithaca  Laertes o Father of Odysseus, lives at Laertes’s Farm on the outskirts of Ithaca. Provides the safe haven when the suitor’s families come after Odysseus  Odysseus, Penelope, Telemachus o Pretty self-explanatory of Phaeacia  Alcinous, Arete, Nausicaa o Alcinous, king of the Phaecians, is married to Arete, the queen. The queen notices the clothes that Odysseus is wearing and becomes suspicious. Nausicaa is the daughter who shared her clothes with Odysseus Suitors  Antinous o Most arrogant suitor, first to die. Odysseus shoots an arrow thru his neck  Amphinomous o Most decent suitor  Eurymachus o Manipulative, has some degree of control over the others. Monsters  Sirens o Odysseus covered his mens ears with beeswax, because they would never want to go back home listening to the sirens.  Cyclops o Captures Odysseus, tells him his name is “Nothing”, cyclops says “Nothing is killing me” and Odysseus blinds him and escapes. Tells the cyclops his name so Poseidon hunts him down from there on  Laestragonians o Group of giants who pelt Odysseus’s ships with bolders.  Scylla/Charybdis o Scylla has multiple heads and gobbles up sailors. Charybdis is the whirlpool.  the Clashing Rocks o The ship avoids them and goes to Scylla/Charybdis instead Nymphs who love Odysseus  Circe o Takes Odysseus’s men captive as pigs. They end up living with her for a year.  Calypso o Odysseus lives with her for a year at the end of the journey Met in the Underworld  Achilles o Regrets dying, wishes he could’ve lived a longer life  Agamemnon o Was murdered by his wife Clytemnestra and her lover after Agamemnon gets back from the war.  Sisyphus o Pushes a bolder forever up a hill just to have it roll back down on him  Teiresias o Theban prophet of the underworld. Shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and lets him communicate with people in Hades  Tantalus o The grapes rise out of his reach and the water drains out of his reach Servants of Penelope and Odysseus  Eumaeus o Helps Odysseus reclaim his kingdom. He’s the shepherd  Eurycleia o Old maid, discovers the scar on Odysseus’s leg  Melantho o Maid, abuses Odysseus while looking like a beggar, gets hanged Also know:  Persephone/Proserpine o Queen of the underworld  Ambrosia o The sustenance of the gods. Athena rubs it under their noses and it is used in other cases in mythology  Perseus o The three women who shared an eye told him how to find Medusa and to find the Nymphs of the North to get the cap of darkness and a magic bag.


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