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General Sociology Chapter 1

by: Lillian Notetaker

General Sociology Chapter 1 SOC 1800

Marketplace > University of Central Missouri > Sociology > SOC 1800 > General Sociology Chapter 1
Lillian Notetaker

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About this Document

Exam 1 material. Chapter one, the Sociological Perspective.
General Sociology
Dr. Ghazzi
Class Notes
general, sociology, sociological perspective, Introduction to Sociology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lillian Notetaker on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1800 at University of Central Missouri taught by Dr. Ghazzi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Sociology at University of Central Missouri.


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Date Created: 10/11/16
Lillian M General Sociology Class Notes: Week 1 Chapter 1: Sociological Imagination Perspectives:  Example incident: A domestic disturbance occurs in the next apartment suite.  Police Perspective:  o Focuses on facts related to an event  Psychiatrist Perspective: o Focuses on facts related to the victim  Sociologist Perspective: o Focuses on facts related to society Sociologist: Places the individual in incident above within society by their social locations  Sociologists use social locations to understand incident phenomena Social Location:  Each perspective is a partial reality, not the whole picture  Age  Gender  Marital Status  Class  Religion Durkheim: French Sociologist from the late 19  century, wrote about the correlation of  suicide and society.  Claimed suicide starts and ends with society and involves social patterns o I.E. suicide is a social phenomena  2 Types of Suicide: o Egoistic: Committed for the sake of self o Altruistic: Committed for the sake of community  Example: The death of a soldier during war  Durkheim Proved: Suicide doesn’t begin and end with just one person, it starts with  society  Collected data: o 12 European and Early America studied o Data collected over 10 years Lillian M General Sociology Class Notes: Week 1 o Social patterns were discovered  All societies had suicides  Suicides occurred every year  Rates changed  During times of crisis suicide rates surged  Rates changed as people moved from social locations  Patterns mean logic within phenomena o Social integration was deemed a key component o Lower integration saw a correlation with higher suicide rates  Social Integration o Community and Group Mind vs. Single and Individual Mind o Minorities were found to tend to keep from assimilating because they were  already outcasts of the society they had lower suicide rates o Majorities when cast out from the society had higher suicide rates o Men vs. Women  Women:   More rooted into society  Have higher suicide attempt rates  Men  Higher rates o Seasons:  Summer vs. Winter  Winter: people are closer and more watchful of each other  Summer: people are spread out and there’s less social integration  The individual acts as a catalyst of phenomena o Altruistic Suicide:  Individuals not yet individualized  Don’t define selves, but rather by community  Willing to sacrifice self for community  Re: Death of soldier on battlefield  Excessive social integration Chapter 1: Sociological Perspective as a “New Perspective” Birth of Sociology  19  century; o  Sociology based around Epochs  Lillian M General Sociology Class Notes: Week 1  Big change/events within a time period o Started as a science and discipline  Spurred on by epochs such as; o Industrial Revolution o Progress in area of Natural Science o Colonial Movement Theologians Not Sociology Theology is the study of God  Ideal society: What theologians searched for/ The City of God  Didn’t study society, just used “ideal questions” Philosophy  Plato (wrote “The Republic”): Strove to find the ideal society/what society “ought to be” Theologians and Philosophers  Studied social phenomena, but instead asked “ideal questions” o Example: “What ought to be?” Durkheim (Recap)  Studied social phenomena in 13 societies  Social world and Natural world is subject to constant change in some form Darwinian Survival of the fittest/“Natural Selection”  Change, challenge, adaptations, and progress is a natural occurrence throughout all  species  Sociologists suggested that the social world worked in the same way Social Physics  Physics of society/ the social universe Lillian M General Sociology Class Notes: Week 1  The first title for Sociology Colonial Movement  Imperialist forces present  Forced integration of nations into new colonial system  Europe was the center of colonial movements o Control over other nations o Contact was violent but produced knowledge o Those Colonized were forced to admit inferiority and submit to European  colonizers o Contact lead to the rise of sociological and ethical questions Sociology Produces Positive Statements  Positive Statement: 1. Public: Findings must be public items: items of life/ observable  items/behaviors 2. Fully Communicable: Findings must be accurately retold, even if one was  only observing something 3. Potentially Falsifiable: Findings must be able to be tested by others and  able to draw own conclusions from collected data Sociology is a “Human Science” Meaning it’s not an exact science  Ideological choice issues arise  Positive statements must be drawn


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