INT296E 10/11/2016 INT 296 E
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katharine Anthony on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INT 296 E at Pace University taught by Prof. Lundquist and Prof. Roland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Holy Nationalism in Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences at Pace University.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
INT296E_10_11_2016 Tuesday, October 11, 2016 2:13 PM Quran Background Verses go longest to shortest o There is an exception Sura one is just a few verses long Not chronological order No historical narrative o Numerous references to historical Umma community Sura o Chapter in Arabic o Two Basic types of Suras Meccan and Median Sura 2 =Medina Sura laws Sura 114- Mecca Soaring, poetic o All Suras except for sura 9 begins with a prayer. In the Name of Allah the Gracious and Merciful. Most of the Quran comes from the Hebrew Bible and New Testament o They are treated very differently To understand they Quran we have to understand the Hadith Hadith o Body of literature that the prophet said but aren't in the Quran Has sayings of the prophet Mohammad After his death it was processed by scholars for their authenticity "So and so said that he heard from so and so that the prophet said" Isnad o Published 150 years after Sahi Bukhari o If there is some practice or belief that is not based in the Quran it is probably in the Hadith The speaking voice in the Quran is always God and he is addressing the prophet Suras The Meccans say that Mohammad is making this up but there are many examples in the Quran that are to prove he is not. o The Quran is supposed to be written in Arabic. Sura 2 Verse 24-25 Sura 16 Verse 101 Holy Spirit = Jabril = Gabriel Sura 2 Verse 97 This is supposed to confirm previous scriptures Torah and the Gospel They need to be confirmed because they're corrupted or distorted Distortion of the scripture that is the greatest is that God has a son. God does not have a partner so therefore he cannot have a son. Heresy of attributing partners to God is called shirk. Sura 20 verse 113 Sura 75 verse 16 Sura 39 verse 27 Sura ??verse 1 Sura 85 verse 21 Western Tradition has critical reading of the Scripture and Gospels o There is not scholarly criticism in the Muslim world. Origin of the Quran List of the beginning of the Suras in chronological order o Sura 96 verse 1-5 o Sura 97 o Sura 73 o Sura 74 Hadith that goes with these: o Narrated Ayisha, mother of the faithful o Went to the cave of Hira where Muhammad would worship on his own. o Jabril came to him and asked him to read (iqra-> same root as Quran) Themes of the Quran Theme of how the Hebrew scriptures are incorporated into the Quran o Suras 2, 3, 25 o Qibla - direction of prayer (that faces Mecca) there is a Mihrab or prayer ridge Jihad- struggle o Suras 2, 9,22 Persecution was happening. Marriage, divorce o Dowry is given to the woman o The quran says if the dowry remains that woman o When divorce occurs she can take her dowry but they can negotiate o Woman has to wait for 3 of her monthly periods to pass before she can divorce. The End, The Hour o Eschatology The science of the end time o Paradise and Hell Sura 3, 78
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