Intro to Social Work 10/11/16 class notes: Services to families and youth
Intro to Social Work 10/11/16 class notes: Services to families and youth SOCW 3301.001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Lorain on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCW 3301.001 at Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi taught by Claudia Pichardo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Work in Social Work at Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
Chapter 11: Services to Children, Youth and Families 10/11/2016 Services provided by CPS -Intake Assessment (When someone reports the hotline or website) -must gather enough information to determine whether there is a case -Investigation -Investigator interview children, parents, and collaterals (anyone familiar with the family) -determine the priority of the case. Priority 1: 24 hrs. Priority 2: 72 hrs. -can remove the child from the home -Conservatorship (CPS legal system) -works with the family towards reunification -provides resources to child as well as the family -Goes to court to advocate for family and child -Family Based Safety Services (FBSS) -happens when the child is at risk but not taken out of the home -case worker does home visits (number depends on severity of case) -provides resources like family counseling, and parenting classes -Foster and Adoption (FAD) -these workers recruit foster homes -does training and licensing foster parents and adoption homes -Adoption -Before adoption happens, bio parents MUST have their rights terminated -when the child is ready for adoption, it is the FAD worker’s job to find an appropriate home -children can be adopted within the public sector or private sector Services to At-Risk Families -Parent Education -Counseling (child will most likely need this) -Child care services -informal support to participants -referral and linking to appropriate Resources CPS Provides the following to families: -tries to ensure children stay in their homes (CPS does NOT want to destroy families) -works as case managers to provide resources to the family -Help parents to find and join parent support groups -Develop a contract that outlines specific goals for the family Philosophical issues in child Welfare 1. Permanency Planning- The idea that it is best to keep a child with his or her family or a permanent, nurturing home 2. Family Preservation- Services provided to keep a family together ***Anytime a child gets into care, the worker is simultaneously working for family reunification as well as finding other options if that reunification does not work out. Family Preservation Goals 1. Allow children to remain safely in their house st 2. Maintain and Strengthen family bonds (1 identify the problem, then provide resources to fix it like family group conferences) 3. Stabilize the crisis situation (this is usually why CPS is involved in the first place) 4. Increase family’s coping skills 3 Types of Preservation Programs 1. Family Support Programs 2. Family Centered Prevention Programs 3. Intensive Family Preservation Programs -Intensive programs may include meeting with families more often, and provide more services than a regular program. More specific services may be needed. Decisions Made about Child and Family are based on: 1. Best interest of child (for example, should the child go with grandma or with CPS?) 2. Least Detrimental Alternative (Which option will have the least negative outcome?) Substitute Care: utilized when children need to be removed from their homes due to the parents’ inability to care or if the child is in imminent danger. These homes include: -Foster Care -RTC’s (Lockdown facility) -Crisis Shelters -Group Homes (Psychiatric) -Psychiatric facilities Adoption: -can only happen after termination of parents’ rights. -Children with Special Needs- Children that are available for adoption with these characteristics: 1. Children of color 2. Children who are older 3. Children with physical or emotional disabilities 4. Members of sibling groups History of Laws and Services in U.S. -In cololnial times (1800s), most people lived in rural areas. Kids were cared for by parents, friends or Almshouses or given as servants to other families. Almshouses-poor houses where children were placed with adults in an institutionalized setting -Case of Mary Ellen in 1870’s. Mary Ellen was abandoned by her parents and lived with relatives that abused her. Her neighbor saw that she was being abused and tried to help but could not find anyone to report to. The neighbor went to the organization for protection of animals and helped start the Society for Prevention and Cruelty to Children The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act 1980 -passed as a result of all problems in system like children staying in the system far too long it accomplished the following: a. Required case plans and 6 month reviews (service plan updates every 6 months) b. Provide federal funds to subsidize adoption of children with special needs (see definition) c. Encouraged the development of own-home services Adoption of Safe Families Act 1997 a. Safety is the main concern that guides placement and services b. Foster care is TEMPORARY c. Permanency planning efforts begin at time of entrance into care d. Child welfare must focus on results of accountability e. Innovative approaches are needed to achieve goals Timeline for Laws and Programs -1870’s- Society for Prevention and Cruelty to Children -early 1900’s- U.S. Children’s Bureau was started -1935- Aid to Dependent Children (expanded child welfare services-later changed to TANF) -1960’s and 1970’s-Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (strengthened child abuse programs and reporting laws -1980’s-Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act -Adoption and Safe Families Act 1997
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