Week 8 lecture notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Cook on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Brysch in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
CHAPTER 7 SOUTHEAST ASIA Extension of Eurasian continent Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand Malay Peninsula to the south Singapore is a strategic waterway Series of parallel mountain ranges MEKONG RIVER SYSTEM Delta was highly fertile: perfect environment for wet rice cultivation nd Vietnam is the 2 largest exporter of rice Irrigation, fishing, and water for 65 million people River Commission: - Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam st - Xayaburi Dam: commissions 1 test - Laos plans to sell hydropower to Thailand; poorest and landlocked; “clean” electricity; China is involved for the money - Cambodia and Vietnam fear damage for the fertile plain and delta - Backup of silt and sediment upstream - Lack of flowing freshwater, salinization from the South China sea (rice is too salty) Rice was too salty, crop perished within days, government had to adjust heavy emphasis on rice farming El Nino: excessive heat and reduced rainfall in Southeast Asia Encouraged shrimp farming because it was more profitable ISLANDS OF SOUTHEAST ASIA Brunei: tiny, wealthy country on Borneo Indonesia: 17,000+ islands Philippines: 5,000+ islands East Timor- Timor Leste: newest country in the region, independence in 2002 CLIMATE Equator Islands dominated by wet rainforest and monsoon climates Coast and summer rain cause summer precipitation in north: humid and subtropical CYCLONES North of equator: November season Indian ocean: April to June and September/November Pacific typhoons are stronger than those hitting the western Atlantic and SE US Indian ocean typhoons are usually less intense because there is a smaller area to gain strength - Cyclone Nargis 2008: hit coast, Delta, death and destruction, refused international assistance, climate change (Myanmar is more susceptible to typhoons and storms), worst natural disaster ever recorded Tsunami Sumatra, Indonesia ‘04 - 9.15 on Richter scale - Indian plate sub ducted the Eurasian Plate - Generated major wave hit many areas POPULATION Population tied to physical geography People concentrated in cities and coast Manila, Philippines 15 most populated city in the world th Jakarta, Indonesia 17 ^, 10,500 people per sq. km LANGUAGE Historical spatial interaction Language spread through trade with South Asia Islands are the Austronesian language family Diversity of indigenous population and lack of spatial interaction Indonesia, over 600 languages Lingua Franca: Bahasa Indonesian for 1,000 years - Adoption of common language for spice trade - Missionaries (Islam and Christianity) Philippines: colonial influence - 1800s independence movement - Tagalog is national language in 1957, soon removed because it was minority Recognition of the need to know the English language - Economy - Global language for medicine, academics, trade, and politics - Myanmar, Malaysia, Philippines, Russian and Asian students RELIGION Hinduism: early to diffuse to SE Asia - Universalizing “period” - Silk road - Sanskrit Buddhism - Theravada: influence by Sri Lanka - Prior: suggests Mahayana - Stupas: temples usually built around a relic of Lord Buddha (hair, bone, footprint) Islam - Hierarchal: travel routes, straits, ports for trade - Contagious: people living in ports near them convert - Sultanates: increase in hierarchal diffusion (Sultan was political leader) - Mainland Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia Christianity & Animist - Christianity: Arab Christian traders, colonial powers, Portuguese; Philippines, east Timor - Animist: mountainous, more remote areas; island of Borneo, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, inland - Syncretic religion: mix or claim adherence to “survive” FRENCH INDOCHINA (CORE ?) - France is one of the mainland’s leading colonial powers, divides Asia into 5 - Indo refers to the cultural imprint made by South Asia; Hindu presence; Buddhism; Indian architecture and art, social structures and patterns - China refers to the role of the Chinese. Emperors converted the Southeast Asian lands and China penetrated the realm ECONOMY - Rapidly growing because of Crony Capitalism - 1997: slow negative growth - failed to gain global market share because few global brands come from Southeast Asia ASSOCIATION of SOUTHEAST ASIA NATIONS (ASEAN) regional trade organization founded in 1967: Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore promote political stability and peace problem: focus more growing domestic consumption of products vs export income growth since 2009; new market in North America; free trade agent w/ china SINGAPORE one of the smallest and largest global impacts British established a port 1819 Wealthiest in southeast Asia GNI per capita: 76000 in 2013 Bunkering port fuels many vessels Informal economy: - Women, young people, internal migrants, and international immigrants are most likely to be workers - Thought it would shrink as countries developed but it was the exact opposite Migration: rural to urban, largest slums had primate city drawing internal migrants.