Art of Theatre Week 7
Art of Theatre Week 7 THEA 11000
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janell Notetaker on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA 11000 at Kent State University taught by James A. Weaver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see THE ART OF THE THEATRE in Theatre and Dance at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
LIGHTING DESIGN IN DEPTH WEEK 7 Lighting Can Lighting can define a stage area Creating a mood Indicate changes in a scene Contribute many other effects to a theatre production How to Achieve Lighting Goals (Design Process) When you work as a lighting designer for a theatre production, you can normally take the following steps: Analysis of the script Research on the author Research on the period Research on director’s concept Research on visuals Script Analysis During the script analysis period, the lighting designer would highlight terms, phrases, lines, and sections that inspire here to create and change colors and levels of intensity of lighting Lighting Designer Focus In the case of The Glass Menagerie, one may want to pay attention to specific sections which indicate: 1. The contrast between reality and memory 2. Music which means both the specified music such as “All the World is Waiting for the Sunshine” & “Ave Maria” and the places where you may want to use additional music 3. Symbols such as Laura’s glass ornaments and the father’s picture hanging on the dining room wall 4. Images specified in the script 5. Other specific directions and instructions in the Author’s Notes and stage directions Research on the Author For this particular play, it is important to conduct research on the author Tennessee Williams because the characters reflected his family members For example, Laura Wingfield in the play was modeled after William’s older sister Rose who suffered from mental illness and was eventually sent to a mental institution The absence of the father in the play resonates with William’s father Cornelius who worked as a traveling salesman The overbearing character of Amanda is a reincarnation of his own mother, Edwina Dakin, who grew up in the South in Columbus, Mississippi Period Research For the period research, it is important to conduct research on time and place LIGHTING DESIGN IN DEPTH WEEK 7 Since the play takes place in St. Louis Spring 1937, the lighting designer needs to investigate what the city of St. Louis was like in the mid1930s Conceptual Research During the conceptual research period, the lighting designer builds her own design concept by reading the script and communicating with the director and other designers Director Interpreting Stage Directions It is important to know how the director interprets stage directions For example, although Williams added specific “instructions” on music, lighting, and set, it does not mean that the director would blindly follow all of the instructions The lighting designers main job at this stage is to find out how the director views the world of the play and how she will visualize it on stage The Light Upon Laura In the Author’s notes, Williams states: “The light upon Laura should be distinct from the others, having a peculiar pristine clarity such as light used in early religious portraits of female saints or Madonna’s Examining El Greco’s Paintings Williams also notes that: “A certain correspondence to light in religious painting such as El Greco’s where the figures are radiant in atmosphere that is relatively dusky, could be effectively used throughout the play.” Lighting designers could examine some of El Greco’s paintings to know how he used lights El Greco’s painting highlights each character on a canvas, leaving the other areas obscure William writes, “the lighting in the play is not realistic.” Thus, the lighting designer would emphasize the contrast between lighted areas and dark areas on the stage just as El Greco did in his paintings Visual Research During the visual research process, the lighting designer combines all the processes to execute lighting on stage The lighting designer decides what kind of style: Epic Realistic Symbolic Naturalistic Visual Research: Windows In the case of The Glass Menagerie, the lighting designer decides when the character becomes “real” rather than a fragment of Tom’s memory Memory and Reality LIGHTING DESIGN IN DEPTH WEEK 7 After finding a way to express the world of memory, the lighting designer would find a way to contrast the world of memory and reality by using different colors The lighting designer may want to use different angles of shadows to represent two different worlds For example, memory is underscored by sharp angels, while reality can be emphasized by round edges Lighting and Memory For example, memory can be expressed by warm colors like candle light and soft incandescent lighting while reality can be expressed by using cool florescent lighting Light Plot and Cue Sheet After all of these steps, the lighting designer creates a light plot and cue sheet A Light Plot A light plot is a plan or series of plans showing the placement of each lighting instrument It includes information such as wattage, size, and color A Sample Cue Sheet A cue sheet is a list of the cues, referred to by number and keyed to the script of the play, when lights change in intensity or color or move
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