Psych 260, Week 6 Notes
Psych 260, Week 6 Notes PSY 260
Popular in Personality Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 260 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Jill Kaplan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 10/12/16
▯ CHAPTER 6: What is a Mental Ability? A mental ability is defined as the capacity to carry out a mental task- to arrive at the desired sort of solution..to work with information to obtain a desired answer… Intelligence is one type of mental ability ▯ The Paradox of Measuring Mental Abilities Favoring the Elites o Society can reward and promote those w inherited abilities Favoring a democratic impulse o Society can identify those who can learn, independent of inherited wealth ▯ Marilyn vos Savant IQ=228, average adult in U.S.=100 Highly successful Married inventor of artifiical heart (Jarvik) Still writes, authored numerous books, succeeded in numerous financial pursuits ▯ Defining intelligence Most important: the capacity to carry out abstract reasoning (similarities, differences, accurate generalizations) Adaption and adjustment o Stem: the general capacity of an individual to adjust Learning: capacity for knowledge and knowledge possessed (ex: Hennon) Neural approaches: modifiability of the nervous system (ex: Pinter) ▯ Verbal Intelligence as a Mental Ability (and Alfred binet) Rejected sensory-motor approaches – concentrated on mental functions Binet examined what students did in school o Memory, imagery, imagination, etc. ▯ Developemnt of the IQ score – Binet and the increase of cognitive intelligence until age 20 Binet noticed his older daughter solved problems better than younger one No one had realized intelligence developed w age before His test was age-graded Year 5: compare 2 boxes of different weights, repeat sentence of 10 syllables, count 4 pennies Year 12: repeat 7 figures, find 3 rhymes, repeat 26 syllable sentences, interpret the meaning of pictures ▯ Development and IQ The IQ was proposed by Louis Stern Mental age 10? Arent the same if youre a 5 year old and a 20 year old Mental age divided by chronological age Problems with the rate IQ led to the Introduction of the Deviation IQ Developed by David Wechsler Measures deviation from average within a given age-range ▯ Major Inteligences Verbal IQ o Comprehension: if you find a letter with an address on it but no stamp, what should you do? o Picture completion o Arithmetic: how many hours will it take 2 people to do a 4 hour job? o Similarities: how are a computer and a car alike? o Digit Span: repeat after me.. Performance IQ o Block design: arrange blocks to form an abstract pattern o Coding: learn to copy an abstract symbol next to another abstract symbol o Picture arrangement: complete a puzzle Some others: o Spatial intelligence o “Hot” intelligences o calling every mental ability an intelligence (ex: creativity) ▯ what are “hot” intelligences? Verbal, perceptual, spatial are ‘cool’ intelligences “hot” information is motivational, emotional, or social information of direct importance or concern to the individual hot mental abilities are abilities to process and cope with such personally meaningful and important information ▯ Additional Intelligences emotional: ability to reason with emotions, and of emotions to enhance thought social: intelligence concerned with understanding social relations personal: a proposed intelligence that involves accurate understanding of oneself practical: intelligence involving the capacity to understand problems in everyday life that are often left undefined or poorly defined
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