New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Memory Notes from 10/3/16 and 10/5/16

by: Chandler Notetaker

Memory Notes from 10/3/16 and 10/5/16 PSYCH 1101

Marketplace > Cornell University > Psychology > PSYCH 1101 > Memory Notes from 10 3 16 and 10 5 16
Chandler Notetaker

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the Chapter 6 memory we learned in Class of Week 6.
Introduction to Psychology
Pizarro, D
Class Notes
memory, short term memory, Psychology
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Psychology

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chandler Notetaker on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Cornell University taught by Pizarro, D in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology at Cornell University.


Reviews for Memory Notes from 10/3/16 and 10/5/16


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/12/16
10/3/16 ● Sensory Memory- Short Term Memory ○ Information that we attend to in sensory memory passes into short term memory ○ Long term memory seems to have no limit, but short term memory has a limited storage capacity ● Learning is changing the information you have because things that occur to you from the environment and presented to you when necessary ● We Don't Attend to Most Things ● Change blindness- ​is a perceptual phenomenon that occurs when a ​change​ in a visual stimulus is introduced and the observer does not notice it. ❖ Limited Storage Capacity: The “Magic Number” ➢ Short term memory is constrained ➢ Chunks of Information- ➢ Miller 1956- People are constrained in the same way (people can remember from 5 and up to 9 chunks of information) ➢ Attention is a powerful filter ❖ Stages of Memory ➢ Sensory Memory “buffer” ➢ Short term memory (like RAM); can also be said as working memory ➢ Long term memory (kind of permanent storage) ■ Achieved through Rehearsal ■ Serial position effect-​ ​tendency of a person to recall the first and last items in a series best, and the middle items worst. ● Primacy: rehearsal of the first words ● Recency: Working Memory ❖ How to Get Something into Long Term Memory ➢ Mnemonic Strategies ➢ Rhymes ➢ Acronyms ➢ Method of Loci (associating items with physical locations) ➢ Episodic (What happens) ➢ Semantic (facts) ➢ Depth-Of-Processing: ➢ Deep (semantic) processing lead to better memory than shallow: Taking into account the meaning to other existing knowledge ❖ Visual<Acoustic<Semantic encoding (by increasing of words recalled) ❖ Information Stored in Associative Networks ➢ Activating one node increases the likelihood that closely associated nodes will also be activated ➢ Closer the nodes, the stronger the association ➢ An item's characteristics and associates are linked to it ❖ 10/5/16 ● Memory ○ Information Stored in Associative Networks ■ Activating one node increases the likelihood that closely associated nodes will also be activated ■ Closer the nodes, the stronger the association ■ An item's characteristics and associates are linked to it ○ Activation of concepts as you learn a new concept causes a connection. ■ Easier to recall things when you have a set of cues in the same area ● Context Dependent Memory ■ Godden & Baddeley (1975) ■ Cues are being learned at the same time as the new info coming in ■ Memorizing a list of words ● underwater (20 ft below surface) with scuba gear on ● or they learned the words on land ● 24 hours later: given a memory recall test underwater and on land (wet and dry conditions) ● Based on the conditions in which you learned the words, you would better recall it in the same environment ● Context Aid Memory ○ Physical Location ■ Studying in the same room the exam is taken ○ Physiological context ○ Mood dependent effects ○ State dependent memory ( your internal mood is also seen as cue and do not have to be relevant in what you are learning) ● Context can be used as a Memory Aid ● Why Memory Can't be Trusted ○ Deese-Roediger-Mcderbot Experimental Paradigm ● Memory is Malleable ○ Loftus and Palmer (1974) ○ Showed participants a videotape of a car accident and asked participants questions about speed, but manipulated the way it was asked ○ “How fast were the cars going when they​ hit ​each other?” v “How fast were the cars going when they ​smashed​ into each other?” ■ In video: The word smashed yielded a higher speed than when saying hit ■ When you feed people false infom, you can distort and contaminate their memory ● Changes in the law about how to ask questions that implant false information in witnesses ○ Memory is tainted with when people try to fit new information in with the events that have already happened. ● Our attention narrows on a weapon focus- causes us not to focus on the face ● “Lost in the Mall” Paradigm ● Aren’t They “Special” memories ○ William James (1890) ■ An impression can be so exciting emotionally as to leave a scar about cerebral tissue ● Flashbulb Memories ○ Asked individuals to report highly emotional events (80 total) ○ People reported having vivid and detailed memories of surprising and important events ● The things they typically remember: ○ Where they were ○ What was going on at the time ○ Who told them the news ○ How others felt ○ How they felt ○ What happened next ● Problem: did not assess the accuracy of these memories ● When you look, memories are horribly flawed ● PTSD: the brain is not able to suppress memories of emotions so patients continue to leave ● Cold Press Experiment: Putting hand in a bucket of ice water


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.