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Contemporary Social Problems Week 9

by: Katerina Kushla

Contemporary Social Problems Week 9 SO 1103

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Sociology > SO 1103 > Contemporary Social Problems Week 9
Katerina Kushla
GPA 4.0

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Chapter 4: Crime and Social Control Week 9 10/10-12/16
David Lay
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Kushla on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by David Lay in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS in Sociology at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 10/12/16
Chapter 4: Crime and Social Control Week 9 10/10-12/16 Crime: A violation of a federal, state, or criminal law - Crime is everywhere – most countries have police, court, and prison - Theft is most common and violent crime is mostly rare. Crime Rates: The number of particular crimes per 100,000 people in a population - Countries with higher inequality tend to have higher homicide rates - More egalitarian countries have lower homicide rates Measuring Crime: - Uniform Crime Report - Victimization Surveys - Self-Report Offender Surveys Types of Crime - Violent Crime: person is a victim - Property Crime: property is damaged, destroyed or stolen - Vice Crime: no complaining party - Organized Crime: gangs - White-Collar Crime: Occupational crimes - Computer crime: law violation through use of computer - Juvenile Delinquency: children under 19 Region and Crime Victimization - Higher in metropolitan areas - 2012 violent and property crimes highest in southern US - Victims are typically young and a minority Economic Costs - Destruction of buildings through arson, vandalism, environmental destruction - Medical cost of treating crime victims - Funds for illegal activities are diverted from legal economy - Prevention of crime and protection - Controlling crime through law enforcement, judicial services, and corrections - White collar crime is greater than cost of violent and property crimes combined Social and Psychological Cost - Americans fear crime o Behavioral changes o Sense of shock o Loss of trust o Guilt o Anger o Feelings of vulnerability Chapter 4: Crime and Social Control Week 9 10/10-12/16 Death and Psychical Injury Cost - 2 most common cause of death among 15-25 year olds - Ranked 15 for cause of death to US population Structural-Functionalism Control Theory: strong social bonds between the individual and community to keep people from violating social norms Strain Theory: Using Durkheim’s anomie. There are legitimate means of acquiring culturally defined goals and strain in this relationship leads to crime Subcultural: certain groups have values and attitudes conductive to violence Conflict Deviance is inevitable when one group has more power than another. Social inequality leads to crime for the powerless group Enforcement of laws is applied differently. Penalties are applied based on power and those who benefit from giving penalties Those with power have the ability to define what is criminal


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