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Lecture Notes--> 10/12

by: Stephanie Lawrence

Lecture Notes--> 10/12 ANTH 1115-001

Stephanie Lawrence


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From Myal to Carnival: Creolized cultural practices in the British Caribbean. This lecture references Ho's "Popular Culture and Aesthesticization of Politics"
Caribbean and Post-Colonial
Professor Roland
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Lawrence on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1115-001 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Professor Roland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 10/12/16
The Caribbean Day 16 Lecture: From Myal to Carnival: Creolized Cultural Practices in the British Caribbean (Part II) Text: Ho’s “Popular Culture &Aestheticization of Politics” I. Popular Culture & the (Re)Gentrification of Carnival (Ho reading) a. Hegemony revisited ~consentual acceptance of ideas, values, and leaderships of the dominant group by the subordinate group i. Antonio Gramsci: “consensual acceptance of ideas, values, & leadership of the dominant group by the subordinate groups” (Ho, p. 4) 1. process of struggle via concessions to subalterns to avoid need for force ~leadership is required to provide the support through negotiations EX. Halloween, Christmas, Easter 2. traditional & organic intellectuals ~Traditional—> support the interest of the powerful, the man ~Organic—> support the interest of the oppressed, leaders of resistance and counter hegemony 3. role of civil institutions in perpetuating (elitist) ideology ~church, school, family (what a proper family looks like), media (how to be, how to act) all mechanisms to meet interest of the powerful 4. Popular culture is both accommodating & oppositional ~meets the needs for powerful and oppressed b. Popular culture defined ~cultural struggles between groups, usually unequal groups, over identity and representation issues ~ for both the elite and oppressed i. Process of resistance where ordinary people creatively use cultural forms to contest dominant discourses (Ho, p. 4) ~how the underclass speaks back to hegemony, get their voices heard c. Carnival and the Evolution of Trinidadian Cultural Identity i. Mas (masquerade & dance) (Ho, pp. 5-6) ~comes from the French, the first colonizers in Trinidad ~during lent, the French practices the Lenten carnival which is ritualized release of “the bad” before meditation ~time of societal inversions ~ Canboulay—> celebrations for the slaves of theirAfrican practices ~by 1841, the elite have been driven out of the Carnival and the former slaves take over ~1840-1850, indentured asians from India and China are brought into Trinidad *challenge to the social classes ii.Pan (Steeldrums) (Ho, pp. 12-14) ~evolved form colonial era against animal skin drumming *because it summoned the spirits/gods ~oil was discovered off the coast andAfricans took the old oil drums to make music *becomes popular among slum youth—> competitions between “gangs” -Competitions were for fun and they could not make money off of them ~During campaign of prime minister of Eric Williams, steel drums became popular and legal throughout the nation iii.alypso (Ho, pp. 8-12) ~began under slavery with stick fighting and while they were fighting, they are verbal sparring (french patwo that british people don’t understand) ~Organic Intellectuals—> Calypsonians *voice of the people from the bottom up, underclass ~largely male practice in the early days ~Becomes commodified as the US occupies Trinidad *military need entertainment, calypsonians have job\ ~New forms: *Soul Calypso (Soca)—> soul and tradition *Chutney—> east indian music (enjoyable) *Chutney Soca—> mixing the two versions *Rap Calypso—>Afrocentric, rasta talk ~Pitching Middle Class Carnival Tents (Ho, p. 7-8) *French, blacks, and Indians comes together to support carnival against the British *prettified as the drums were replaced with european instruments *commercialism took over as stick fighting disappeared -Calypso rappers start having sponsors which cover up the political edge they are trying to portray *Beautiful Women are have dressed like a beauty pageant -international trinidad carnival


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