Lecture Notes Psychology 102
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatyana Mims on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 102 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Hoane in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 10/12/16
Psychology Notes 100616 Barriers to reasoning rationally o April 29, 2010- 7 month old girl dies o Feb 5, 1999- Amadou Diallo, an unarmed West African immigrant o 1995-1996- President Clinton--- Monica Lewinsky scandal o “Unlike pilots” Dr. Britto said, “doctors don’t go down with their planes.” T6: Heuristics o Affect Heuristic: Our decisions are influenced by emotions rather than objective probabilities o Availability Heuristic: Our decisions are influenced by events that are readily available Certain types of events are more available: Very recent events, very dramatic events (Example: right after 9/11 event on Sept 2001) What’s wrong with this? We tend to ignore more important but less available information T7: Avoiding loss and the farming effect o Choices depend on how the problem is described, or the “frame” o Framing occurs in risk-taking decisions o Risk: A situation where there is the possibility of serious loss or the possibility of significant gain o Persuading people not to take risks Consider typical risky behavior: Sex Drugs Driving o Framing effect People tend to take risks when they are faced with probable losses. They have an aversion to loss Between a sure loss and a risky loss= choose the risky loss (take more risk) On the other hand, people avoid risks when faced with probable gains Between a sure gain and a risky gain= choose the sure gain (take less risk) The arbitrary framing changes people’s judgements, making their behavior inconsistent T8: Mental Set o We stick with old ways of solving a problem o When a problem solving procedure works we do not look for other solutions o 2
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