Community Corrections CJ 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday April 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 211 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/03/15
Community Corrections 0 Community corrections corrections that occur in the community rather than in physical incarceration physical incarceration prison orjail o 2 types of community corrections probation parole Probation 0 Front end to incarceration gt takes place before physical incarceration o Meant to keep people out of prison 0 Probation offender is under the control of the court control but is released into the community rather than held in jailprison 0 Under court control offender can be incarcerated if more crimes are committed or if probation terms are broken 0 Probation officers PCs can be thought of has having a dual mandate 0 Dual mandate operate as 1 police officers and 2 social workers I Police officers uphold the law and make sure offenders comply with their probation guidelines I Social workers help get jobs and housing for offenders 0 Get offenders integrated back into the community 0 clients of probation officers offenders 0 PCs supervise their clients in order to keep them out of trouble and to make sure probation terms are followed 0 Key goal of probation keep offenders out ofjail o Probation officers are overburdened with cases 0 Recommended caseload per probation officer has changed over time I 19305 50 cases per PO was the recommended limit I 1967 35 cases per PO was the recommended limit I Now around 150 cases per PO 0 Overload of cases prevents effective probation oversight I Leads to high levels of recidivism repeat offenses by criminals o likely test question What prevents POsprobation system from working effectively I Answer too many cases 0 2 ways a probation sentence can end 0 Offender successfully completes the required period of probation I Once the probation period is completed the sentence ends 0 Offender breaks a term of the probation agreement so the probationary term is revoked I Offender committed a technical violation 0 Technical violation failure to meet and abide by probation rules I POs act wdiscretion regarding technical violations 0 PCs have authority to report offenders who commit a technical violation or just give them a warning and do not report them Parole 0 Back end to incarceration gt occurs after a person has been incarcerated o Parole provisional release from prison 0 2 key goals 0 manage prison populations gt avoid overcrowding o incentivize rehabilitation gt opportunity for early release for good behavior Intermediate Sanctions 0 intermediate sanctions are things imposed on offenders that are in between probation and parole in terms of the toughness of an offenses consequence o more tough than probation but less tough than parole o 6 main types of intermediate sanctions o Fines S paid to the state by a convicted offender as a punishment for an offense 0 Restitution repayment ex S or service by an offender to a victim who suffered a loss from the offense 0 Forfeiture government seizure of property or assets that are derived from or used in criminal activity I Works as a deterrence mechanism 0 Do not want property seized do not engage in criminal activity 0 Homeconfinement sentence requiring the offender to remain inside their home during specific periods I Also known as house arrest 0 Community service performance of specific amount of unpaid labor in the community 0 Day reporting centers people on probation and parole go to a DRC each day to comply wterms of their sentence I Type of community correctional center 0 as stated by Mr Klutz the two most likely terms to appear on Test 2 are forfeiture and day reporting centers
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