Weak-Failed States and Intervention
Weak-Failed States and Intervention PSC 321
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday April 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 321 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Frazier in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 108 views. For similar materials see US National Security in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/03/15
WeakFailed States and US National Security 0 Holistic approach of analyzing weak and failed states 0 Recognize that weak and failed states produce consequences that can affect other states I weak and failed states do not operate as an isolated event I politicaleconomicsocial instability within one state can spill over to neighboring states thus expanding the weakfailed state problem 0 How can weak and failed states threated US national security interests 0 Human rights violations I one of US s NSS initiatives is universal values so violations of human rights is a threat to US security interest 0 Location I Is the weak or failed state located in a region of interest to the US or along a strategic trade route I Can the weak or failed state s location have an impact on the global geopolitical environment 0 Trade I Unstable states can disrupt trade which can affect the US economy and domestic prosperity ie economic growth is a US security interest 0 Presence of US citizens in weak or failed states I US has obligation to protect its citizens even those living abroad I Instability within a state can put the lives of US citizens living abroad in danger o Presenceabsence of international institutions to help deal with the troubled state I Is the UN military organizations or regional organizations wiling to help solve the conflict o If not what implications does that have 0 The conflict can continue without any solution 0 The conflict can grow and expand 0 US may have to get involved since it is seen as a peace mediator and global leader 0 Potential of the weak or failed state to devolve into an even worse problem I No action taken now conflict can fester into a larger problem in the future 0 Potential of the weak or failed state to spawn other security issues I Ex weak or failed states are often safe havens for terrorists 0 Terrorism is a threat to US national security so there is an incentive to take steps to reform weak or failed states and to prevent other states from becoming weak or failed states 0 Position of US adversaries toward the situation of the weak or failed state I If an adversary of the US is interested in the decline of a state they could use that state as a puppet to expand its influence and create a new government favorable to its policies 0 Should the US get involved in finding a solution to weak or failed states 0 Evacuations I US has an interest in evacuating its citizens from unstable states 0 Pros save US citizens o Cons world sees that the US doesn t have faith in that state anymore 0 Diplomacy I Peace negotiations I Evacuation negotiations I Conflict of negotiating with state vs nonstate actors I Involvement by the State Department 0 Intel updates to help make decisions about getting involved I Utilize the DNI o Troops I Use armed forces in evacuation plans I Use armed forces to protect US interests that may be threatened I Use troops to help instill some sort of order I Involve the Defense DepartmentMilitary 0 Serve as an overseer of actions by US adversaries I Prevent adversaries from taking advantage of unstable states I Try to identify the specific interests adversaries have regarding the weak or failed state 0 Act more multilaterally than unilaterally I US should use alliances and institutions rather than acting alone 0 Part of the US NSS initiative to promote international order via utilization of institutions 0 Think of the implications that nonaction I If the USglobal community does nothing could the conflict manifest into something bigger I If the USglobal community does nothing how many more people will die or get displaced I If the global community does nothing could the conflict expand into other areas 0 Spill over becomes problematic if this spill over affects US allies US involvement in weak or failed state conflicts is based on 3 key things 1 Motives 2 Interests 3 Goals view conflicts in a holistic way to see their broader implications and see how these conflicts impact US national security some motivesinterestsgoals will other overshadow others gt prioritization of motivesinterestsgoals aignment of these 3 key things unified reasoning as to why US should get involved makes conflict resolution efforts stronger since all actors are on the same page ex all actors unified around the idea of getting involved to stop the harboring of terrorists nonaignment of these 3 key things nonunified reasoning for US involvement makes conflict resolution efforts harder since actors are doing their own thing based on what they think are the biggest issues ex some actors want involvement to prevent the harboring of terrorists while other actors what involvement to help with economichumanitarian aid Helpful definitions 0 Weak state 0 Weak government gt inability to provide services to the public 0 Detached elites gt leads to corrupt elites do not carry about social welfare of the people I Divide between the rulers and the ruled 0 State lacks a monopoly over the control of violence I Leads to an increase in crime and to the rise of militias 0 There is no effective legaljudicial system 0 Lack of border protection I leads to transnational crime and division of state into smaller entities 0 Failed State 0 Collapse of government 0 No recognized legitimate government for external actors to negotiate with o The characteristics of weak states see above are more rampant o Widespread violence between intrastate groups 0 A state goes from weak to failing to failed 0 The use of the terms weak and failed is controversial 0 States exhibit different levels of stability so grouping states of different stability levels into one collective group is a misrepresentation of reality 0 These terms imply that there is a normal state stability status that states are evaluated against I What constitutes normal state functioning
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