Jefferson and the Growing Nation and War of 1812
Jefferson and the Growing Nation and War of 1812 HIST 1311-010
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Fortanely on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/12/16
Jefferson and the Growing Nation Concepts Context Impact Thomas Jefferson Wrote Declaration Idealistic in nature, of Independence pragmatic in practice John Adams left Small government o Enlarged power o System national allowed power more revolutions than Federalists Agrarian o Policies increased manufacturin g Freedom o Owned slaves and took Indian land Marbury vs. Madison John Marshall: chief Judicial review justice Loose construction Marbury: Midnight judge Madison: Hides Adam’s nominations The Louisiana Purchase Napoleon needs Land for every Lewis and Clark money white man to farm o Sacagawea US wants New o Unconstitutio Famili Orleans shipping nal to buy ar port land with o Took Indian Manifest Destiny land land The Barbary Wars First war Won first foreign war Kingdom of the Two Sicilies o Ally Stephen Decatur o War hero Embargo Act of 1807 Wanted free trade Enlarged national Hoped forbidding power trade with British Promoted would end manufacturing impressment/block Devastated ade economy Madison Democratic- No institution governing National Bank money supply during war Republican Charter Wrote Constitution o Doesn’t renew War of 1812 Concepts Context Impact Causes of war Britain War Hawks (Nationalism) Chesapeake Affair o Tecumseh o Henry Clay o Impressment Canada o John C. Calhoun o Reason for Embargo Battle of Tippecanoe o William Henry Harrison Strategies Strong British Navy Britain Weak American Weaken economy militant system o Blockade America Distraction o Napoleonic War No strategy o Secretary of War/General s disagree Battle of the Thames William Henry Harrison End of Tecumseh Battle of Lake Erie Oliver Hazard Perry Control of Great Lakes lessens chance of Canadian invasion Burning of Washington British becomes White House burned more involved, down stops relying on Indians Robert Ross Battle of Baltimore Ross killed End of war Poem turned national anthem Treaty of Ghent Delayed communication No change leads to another battle Battle of New Orleans Andrew Jackson Hunter army French Pirate’s cannons Hill Edward Packenham Results Post-war No true winner o Nationalism British invasions stop o Trade o Indian relations Ends Federalist party o Wanted to surrender throughout war o Discredited by Battle of New Orleans Andrew Jackson’s career
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