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by: Chelsey Smith
Chelsey Smith
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

These notes begin the class discussion of schedule II drugs and covers PCP along with its history, distribution, manufacturing, addiction rates, and pharmacology of the drug.
Drug Identification
Class Notes
drug, identification, PCP, Chemistry, Forensic, Science
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsey Smith on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FSC 440 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Nesser in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Drug Identification in Forensic Science at University of Southern Mississippi.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
FSC 430­ Drug Identification October 12, 2016 Schedule II  CII substances are defined as drugs with a high potential for abuse, but has less potential for abuse than a CI, with use potentially leading to psychological and physical dependences   Considered dangerous, but does have medical use  Penalties for possession will range depending on the defendant’s criminal history and the  amount in grams that was found with the suspect. The sentences greatly increase when  murder or death is involved  PCP CSA Schedule II Active Substance: 1,1­phenylcyclohexyl piperidine Street Names: angel dust, ace Psychophysical action: Dissociative anesthetic   Results in out of body experiences­ the individual feels detached from reality  Gets users away from feelings of pain and anxiety Street Prices: $5 per cigarette to $28 k per gallon History  PCP is the common street name for phencyclidine  Arylcyclohexylamine­ stimulant, depressant, and anesthetic properties   Was researched and created as a surgical anesthetic in 1957; first sold on the market as  Sernyl.   The original purpose as a surgical anesthetic had too many undesirable side effects  (emergence phenomenon) when coming out of the drug. 30% of all patients would  experience these adverse side effects such as excessive delirium, visual disturbances, &  psychotic behavior.  In 1967 PCP was marketed as an anesthetic in the veterinary industry for anesthetizing  large animals such as horses and cattle   In 1969 it was the first year there was a documented use of PCP as an illicit drug  High rate of break­ins to veterinary offices to steal and distribute PCP illicitly   It was first distributed as a peace pill at a music festival in San Francisco Bay  Gained popularity in 70’s   When it was initially marketed it was labeled as a CIII to be used only under medical  supervision  Abuse in the 1970’s caused the FDA to reschedule to a CII. This schedule change caused  licit production to halt and all PCP is now created in clandestine laboratories  Manufacturing and Distribution  Multiple methods to create PCP but the most common is the bucket method, thus named  because the ingredients are thrown together to react   The bucket method it is the easiest and most direct method. One production cycle lasts  between 8­10 hours   Chemists have to use piperidine and often use sodium or potassium cyanide,  hydrocholiric acid, bromobenzene, cyclohexanone, anhydrous ether  Piperidine can be made by reducing pyridine or pyrolidine   PCC is the starting agent for PCP   If done properly with all chemicals and byproducts removed will be odorless and have a  metallic taste in a white powder or clear liquid  However most street PCP is light yellow­ copper in color and have a heavier chemical  taste Distribution and Control  Mostly controlled by inner­city gangs with their own labs in Los Angeles as a major area  of manufacture  Large quantities are stored and transported in sports bottles  Usually diluted in water, acetone, or ether  Sold in laced cigarette form, liquid, or crystal form  Powder is sold in aluminum foil and liquid is small glass vials Ingestion  May be snorted, smoked, injected intravenously, or taken by mouth  When injected the effects are felt within 1 minute of injection and only lasts about 30  minutes  Snorting effects are felt within several minutes  When taken by mouth PCP takes 30 minutes to be felt but lasts 2­3 hours and gives a  more intense high for a longer period of time Smoking  Most common method of ingestion is by spraying or dipping a cigarette into it  Liquid PCP can be sprayed or soaked onto parsley, mint, tobacco, and marijuana  Addiction  Not physically addictive   It’s psychologically addictive  Habitual users will quickly develop a tolerance and will need increasing amounts of the  drug to produce the desired high  Chronic PCP users will go on 2­3 day “runs” and will crash into a prolonged sleep if they haven’t already overdosed   The cravings are all psychological  It is popular to dip Marijuana into PCP and it will produce a synergistic effect­ amplify  effects of both drugs simultaneously  Effects  Induces a mind­body dissociation where the user is aware of what is happening but does  not feel involved either physically or emotionally (at low doses)  The effects and strength depends on the dosage taken  Can range from pleasant feeling to mild sedation, from agitation to violent behavior, from a total loss of sensitivity to pain and even prolonged coma Dose 1­2mg ­5mg  Effects mimic a strong marijuana   Blank staring, loos of coordination, involuntary eye movement, numbness of extremities,  slurred speech, sweating, sense of strength Dose 10mg and up  Effects are more pronounced and numbered  Catatonic state, coma, decreased blood pressure, dizziness, drooling, fever, hyperthermia, nausea, seizures, and vomiting  Fatal dose is 200mg and above  Most PCP deaths are due to trauma from the act individual participated in Duration of Effects  General duration is 4­6 hours and upwards to 8 hours   PCP is stored in fat tissue and is released over time giving a true chemical flash backs  where body reacts as if it’s getting a dose of PCP and are not purely psychological  Pharmacology   Most complex of abused drugs and is not fully understood  PCP blocks pain stimuli, produces analgesia and anesthesia, but doesn’t have a  significant effect on the respiratory or cardiovascular systems 


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