Drug ID PCP
Drug ID PCP FSC 440
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsey Smith on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FSC 440 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Nesser in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Drug Identification in Forensic Science at University of Southern Mississippi.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
FSC 430 Drug Identification October 12, 2016 Schedule II CII substances are defined as drugs with a high potential for abuse, but has less potential for abuse than a CI, with use potentially leading to psychological and physical dependences Considered dangerous, but does have medical use Penalties for possession will range depending on the defendant’s criminal history and the amount in grams that was found with the suspect. The sentences greatly increase when murder or death is involved PCP CSA Schedule II Active Substance: 1,1phenylcyclohexyl piperidine Street Names: angel dust, ace Psychophysical action: Dissociative anesthetic Results in out of body experiences the individual feels detached from reality Gets users away from feelings of pain and anxiety Street Prices: $5 per cigarette to $28 k per gallon History PCP is the common street name for phencyclidine Arylcyclohexylamine stimulant, depressant, and anesthetic properties Was researched and created as a surgical anesthetic in 1957; first sold on the market as Sernyl. The original purpose as a surgical anesthetic had too many undesirable side effects (emergence phenomenon) when coming out of the drug. 30% of all patients would experience these adverse side effects such as excessive delirium, visual disturbances, & psychotic behavior. In 1967 PCP was marketed as an anesthetic in the veterinary industry for anesthetizing large animals such as horses and cattle In 1969 it was the first year there was a documented use of PCP as an illicit drug High rate of breakins to veterinary offices to steal and distribute PCP illicitly It was first distributed as a peace pill at a music festival in San Francisco Bay Gained popularity in 70’s When it was initially marketed it was labeled as a CIII to be used only under medical supervision Abuse in the 1970’s caused the FDA to reschedule to a CII. This schedule change caused licit production to halt and all PCP is now created in clandestine laboratories Manufacturing and Distribution Multiple methods to create PCP but the most common is the bucket method, thus named because the ingredients are thrown together to react The bucket method it is the easiest and most direct method. One production cycle lasts between 810 hours Chemists have to use piperidine and often use sodium or potassium cyanide, hydrocholiric acid, bromobenzene, cyclohexanone, anhydrous ether Piperidine can be made by reducing pyridine or pyrolidine PCC is the starting agent for PCP If done properly with all chemicals and byproducts removed will be odorless and have a metallic taste in a white powder or clear liquid However most street PCP is light yellow copper in color and have a heavier chemical taste Distribution and Control Mostly controlled by innercity gangs with their own labs in Los Angeles as a major area of manufacture Large quantities are stored and transported in sports bottles Usually diluted in water, acetone, or ether Sold in laced cigarette form, liquid, or crystal form Powder is sold in aluminum foil and liquid is small glass vials Ingestion May be snorted, smoked, injected intravenously, or taken by mouth When injected the effects are felt within 1 minute of injection and only lasts about 30 minutes Snorting effects are felt within several minutes When taken by mouth PCP takes 30 minutes to be felt but lasts 23 hours and gives a more intense high for a longer period of time Smoking Most common method of ingestion is by spraying or dipping a cigarette into it Liquid PCP can be sprayed or soaked onto parsley, mint, tobacco, and marijuana Addiction Not physically addictive It’s psychologically addictive Habitual users will quickly develop a tolerance and will need increasing amounts of the drug to produce the desired high Chronic PCP users will go on 23 day “runs” and will crash into a prolonged sleep if they haven’t already overdosed The cravings are all psychological It is popular to dip Marijuana into PCP and it will produce a synergistic effect amplify effects of both drugs simultaneously Effects Induces a mindbody dissociation where the user is aware of what is happening but does not feel involved either physically or emotionally (at low doses) The effects and strength depends on the dosage taken Can range from pleasant feeling to mild sedation, from agitation to violent behavior, from a total loss of sensitivity to pain and even prolonged coma Dose 12mg 5mg Effects mimic a strong marijuana Blank staring, loos of coordination, involuntary eye movement, numbness of extremities, slurred speech, sweating, sense of strength Dose 10mg and up Effects are more pronounced and numbered Catatonic state, coma, decreased blood pressure, dizziness, drooling, fever, hyperthermia, nausea, seizures, and vomiting Fatal dose is 200mg and above Most PCP deaths are due to trauma from the act individual participated in Duration of Effects General duration is 46 hours and upwards to 8 hours PCP is stored in fat tissue and is released over time giving a true chemical flash backs where body reacts as if it’s getting a dose of PCP and are not purely psychological Pharmacology Most complex of abused drugs and is not fully understood PCP blocks pain stimuli, produces analgesia and anesthesia, but doesn’t have a significant effect on the respiratory or cardiovascular systems
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