Week 8 (October 09-14) - Sex Roles
Week 8 (October 09-14) - Sex Roles ANT3302
Popular in Sex Roles a Cross-Cultural Perspective
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Anthropology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ricardo Rauseo on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT3302 at University of Florida taught by Amber Grafft-Weiss in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Sex Roles a Cross-Cultural Perspective in Anthropology at University of Florida.
Reviews for Week 8 (October 09-14) - Sex Roles
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/13/16
Monday, October 10, 2016 Institutions, Sex, & Gender Institutions An Institution is: o A society or organization founded for a religious, educational, social, or similar purpose; o An established official organization having an important role in the life of a country, such as a bank, church, or legislature; o An established law, practice, or custom Particular Kinds of Institutions: Organization A special institution that involves o Criteria to establish its boundaries and to distinguish its members from nonmembers, o Principles of sovereignty concerning who is in charge, and o Chains of command delineating responsibilities within the organization Particular Kinds of Institutions: Total Institution An isolated, enclosed social system whose primary purpose is to control most aspects of its participant’s lives Overlap of institutions Institutions may: o Share foundational ideas o Interact with one another o Become related through human experience of one or more of them Law While laws & legal system can empower & support, they can reinforce stereotypes o E.g. raising consent age for women in Uganda protects female children o E.g. gay individuals applying for asylum (2012) had to perform their “gayness” to qualify for that protection Laws can only do so much to fix social issues It is important for people to contribute to the changes they want to see Medicine Gender bias in medicine: male is standard; medical professionals think in terms of what it takes to diagnose a male with a condition, even if their subject is not Perception of women as emotional may lead to underdiagnoses of real conditions Trans individuals have to “perform” their trans-ness in order to meet professionals’ standards for needing transitional support Medical professionals attend to adhere to strict sex/gender binaries, not allowing for patients’ fluidity Military Inadequacy of military mental health care for LGBT individuals Heteronormative assumptions about military members affect access to medical resources The ideal soldier: masculine heterosexual. This perception affects women’s pursuit of health care o E.g. On male base (Israeli military) with mixed-gender course, rumor about excessive infirmary visits led women, who suffered twice as many injuries to have the same rate of infirmary visitation as men., in response to concern over perceived weakness Lingering sexism in the military leads to traditional gender roles Police General distrust of police force by marginalized populations (including AA men, LGBT persons, and women) Victim-blaming based system, disproportionate targeting, pervasive prejudice within the profession Women who are victims of sexual abuse tend to be unserved; AA men and LGBT people perceived as criminal are over-policed Racial and sexual bias pervade society, but is more impactful when acted upon by police Prison Power is generally important in institutions Prisoners might assault others to assert dominance Authorities may partake in assaults on prisoners “because they can” Institutions may amplify gender divisions, particularly through o Division of labor o Men’s prisons tending toward greater violence o Women have less access to education & work & are less likely to be paid for work Wednesday, October 12, 2016 Institutions & Influence of Sex/Gender/Sexual Orientation/Gender ID Often creates bias standard: middle/upper class white, cis, straight males; gender binary Standard governs policy, procedure status quo Individuals in power can create, challenge, or change the standard When institutions make room for others characterization tends to be essentialist How Institutions Engender: A case study E.g. government forms only offer male/female options (public services, bathrooms, etc.) Services available to individuals may be influenced by the sex/gender/sexual orientation of the individuals involved Dana Zzyym o Intersex individual o Different option on passport Federal policy change, 2010 Influenced law & policy in several states Impact of changes on non-binary people The product of pressure o People spoke for it Nepal: o 2007: Monarchy ended. “Immorality” laws were eliminated o 2011: Nepalese Census offered three categories for gender: M/F/O(Other) o Nepalese law allows individuals to report gender based on “gender feeling” o Has contributed to a reduction in violence directed towards trans* people Malta: o 2015 Law guiding change of gender on official documents People do not have to prove they’ve had SRS, or that they’ve had hormonal therapy, psychiatric, psychological, or medical treatment Requires respect for gender recognition determinations from abroad Establishes committee to research best practices on transgender health care from across the globe o Has fostered attitudes of social acceptance of trans people o Improved education & employment opportunities for non-binary persons The important thing is that these institutions have power over the policies that will attempt to change societal biases regarding sexual orientation and gender fluidity. How institutions Impact Specific Genders Control by particular groups in power may disadvantage those not in power (or not standard) Essentialization of “nonstandard” people may complicate their efforts to seek equal rights/protections Stereotypes about sex & gender can disadvantage individuals by their omission (or unintentionally) Institutions: Big Ideas Disadvantage based on sex/sexuality/gender may be exacerbated by other demographic factors, e.g. race or class Institutions can impose norms that reflect what society believes; can also reinforce those beliefs by normalizing them Institutions have regulatory, sometimes legalized power
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'