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psych notes

by: Megan Wiggs
Megan Wiggs
Virginia Tech

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About this Document

Introduction to Psychology
Benjamin DeVore
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Wiggs on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1004 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Benjamin DeVore in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
Consciousness as a Language Dependent Phenomenon Consciousness is related to the language or motor mechanisms of the brain. Forms of consciousness may well have existed before language Selective Attention Determines which stimuli will be noticed and which will be ignored Consciousness and the brain Isolation Aspasia can perceive speech and without apparent awareness Visual Agnosia: can make appropriate hand movements when looking at objects that cannot consciously be recognized Hypnosis Mesmer introduced the modern form of hypnosis: - Induction and suggestion - Including posthypnotic amnesia Common experience: - Reduced effort - Suspension of voluntary control Research shows that it largely alters what the hypnotized individual reports rather than what that person perceives Sleep Record, prescription written to pharmacy - REM sleep  Increasing amounts of delta activity in te EEG  rapid eye movement  general paralysis  dreaming - sleep is behavior, not an altered state of consciousness - not necessary for wear and tear of life, but allows the brain to rest - contributes to memory consolidation of declarative (explicit) memories - REM sleep to that of nondeclarative (implicit) memories Freud suggests - Dreams provide the opportunity for unconscious conflicts to express themselves symbolically in dream content Activation Synthesis theory: dreams are the brains effort to make sense of the pons-initiated activation of the cerebral cortex REM sleep in adults may be involved in learning Long bouts or REM-sleep deprivation results in REM rebound, in which sleep is dominated by the REM component Sleeping disorders: - Insomnia: difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep - Narcolepsy: the sudden onset of sleep at inappropriate times Slow wave sleep disorders: - Bedwetting, sleepwalking, sleep related eating disorder Circadian rhythm: brain clock, when light hits the retinas it starts over Clusters of activity neurons in the hindbrain and midbrain control wakefulness Neurons in the preoptic area of the hypothalamus inhibit the activity neurons and thereby induce sleep 2 factors that control sleep neurons: - Time of Day - Level of adenosine


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