psych 120 chapter 1 notes
psych 120 chapter 1 notes psy120
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kira Lisle on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psy120 at Purdue University Calumet taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Psychology Chapter 1 ❖ Psychology: the scientific study of behavior and mental process ➢ Behavior: observable actions of a person or animal ➢ Mind: thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions, memories, dreams, motives, and other subjunctive experiences ❖ Psychology’s subfields ➢ Personality, behavioral, biological, cognitive, neuroscientist, social, clinical, cultural, evolutionary ❖ Pleasure principle: the instinctive drive to seek pleasure and avoid pain, expressed by the id as a basic motivating force that reduces psychic tension ❖ Reality principle: the ego’s control of the pleasure-seeking activity of the id in order to meet the demands of the external world ❖ Neurosis: a psychological state characterized by excessive anxiety or insecurity without evidence of neurologic or other organic disease, sometimes accompanied by defensive or immature behaviors ❖ ID: the personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy basic urges, needs and desires. It demands immediate gratification of needs ❖ Superego: the ethical component of the personality and provides the moral standards by which the ego operates. The superego's criticisms, prohibitions, and inhibitions form a person’s conscience, and its positive aspirations and ideals represent one’s idealized self-image ❖ Ego: the psychological component of the personality that is represented by our conscious decision-making process ❖ 1. Oral phase ❖ 2. Anal phase ❖ 3. Pallac phase ❖ Components that make something a science ➢ Clearly defined terminology ➢ Quantifiable ➢ Controlled experimental conditions ➢ Reducibility ➢ Predictability and testability ❖ Goals of psychology ➢ Describe- what happens ➢ Explain- why might a behavior or mental process occur ➢ Predict- under which conditions a behavior or event is likely to occur ➢ Change- applies psychological knowledge to prevent unwanted behavior or to bring about desired goals ❖ Psychology is not fortune telling, horoscopes, or talk therapy ❖ Psychology subfields: ➢ Basic ■ Biological ■ Cognitive ■ Developmental ■ Personality ■ Social ■ Experimental ■ Cultureal ➢ Applied ■ Clinical or counseling ■ industrial/j organizational ■ Educational or school ■ Health ■ Forensic ■ Rehabilitation ➢ Psychiatry- related
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