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Abnormal Psychology Chapter 5 Notes

by: Kaija Perkins

Abnormal Psychology Chapter 5 Notes Psyc2051

Marketplace > The University of Cincinnati > Psychology > Psyc2051 > Abnormal Psychology Chapter 5 Notes
Kaija Perkins

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About this Document

These notes cover Chapter 5 lecture notes for Abnormal Psychology.
Abnormal Psychology
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc2051 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Ronis-Tobin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
Chapter 5 – Anxiety and OCD Disorders Anxiety= produces tension, worry, and psychological reactivity  Unfounded fear, significant distress, interfere with normal functioning  You can activate your amygdala just by thinking (fight-or-flight)  Ages 30-44 have the highest anxiety rates Biological Factors: hyperthyroidism, cardiac arrhythmias, asthma meds, stimulants, alcohol withdrawal Neuroanatomical basis for panic disorders: frontal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus Psychological Dimension: negative appraisal (events seem threatening), Skill of reappraisal (various perspectives), minimize negative response Social/Sociocultural Dimensions: Daily environmental stress can produce anxiety, culture influences the expression of anxiety Phobias= strong, persistent, unwarranted fear of a specific object/situation (most common disorder in the United States) * all phobias have 31% heritability Social Anxiety Disorder= Intense fear of being scrutinized by others (often times paired with major depressive disorder, can be chronic) Social dimension= parents/parenting styles, friend groups Treatment of Phobias: meds affecting SAD  Benzodiazepines, SSRI’s, Beta-blockers, D-Cycloserine, Xanex, Atvian, Valium (can produce dependence) Panic Disorder= recurrent, unexpected panic attack (phobia of a phobia) – has to last one month or more  32% heritability, fewer serotonin receptors (SSRI’s used in treatment) o Cognitive-Behavioral therapy  educate, identify, teach, encourage Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)= persistent, high levels of anxiety, hard to control worry over life circumstances  DSM – almost daily symptoms for 6-months (develops gradually)  May disrupt prefrontal cortex (dysfunctional thinking and beliefs) Agoraphobia = fear of open spaces Obsessive Compulsive Disorder= OCD, consistent anxiety producing thoughts or images, need to engage in activities to counteract anxiety to prevent occurrence of event  Obsession  compulsion (need to engage in behavior) *rituals*  Ex.) hoarding disorder= collecting/inability to discard items regardless of value vs. OCD cleanliness (fear of germs/disease) OCD Related Disorders:  Body Dysmorphic Disorder (perceived preoccupied physical defect  distress)  Hair-pulling Disorder (recurrent hair pulling despite repeated attempts to stop)  Skin Picking Disorder (see above, skin lesions) Treatment of OCD:  SSRI’s (antidepressants) – only effective in 60% of patients, combined with behavioral interventions  Behavioral Treatments – flooding, response prevention o Cognitive-Behavioral therapy is most effective *OCD has a huge genetic component  Exaggerated estimates of probability of harm  Control  Intolerance of uncertainty  Thought-Fusion  Disconfirmatory Bias


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