Abnormal Psychology Chapter 5 Notes
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 5 Notes Psyc2051
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc2051 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Ronis-Tobin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Chapter 5 – Anxiety and OCD Disorders Anxiety= produces tension, worry, and psychological reactivity Unfounded fear, significant distress, interfere with normal functioning You can activate your amygdala just by thinking (fight-or-flight) Ages 30-44 have the highest anxiety rates Biological Factors: hyperthyroidism, cardiac arrhythmias, asthma meds, stimulants, alcohol withdrawal Neuroanatomical basis for panic disorders: frontal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus Psychological Dimension: negative appraisal (events seem threatening), Skill of reappraisal (various perspectives), minimize negative response Social/Sociocultural Dimensions: Daily environmental stress can produce anxiety, culture influences the expression of anxiety Phobias= strong, persistent, unwarranted fear of a specific object/situation (most common disorder in the United States) * all phobias have 31% heritability Social Anxiety Disorder= Intense fear of being scrutinized by others (often times paired with major depressive disorder, can be chronic) Social dimension= parents/parenting styles, friend groups Treatment of Phobias: meds affecting SAD Benzodiazepines, SSRI’s, Beta-blockers, D-Cycloserine, Xanex, Atvian, Valium (can produce dependence) Panic Disorder= recurrent, unexpected panic attack (phobia of a phobia) – has to last one month or more 32% heritability, fewer serotonin receptors (SSRI’s used in treatment) o Cognitive-Behavioral therapy educate, identify, teach, encourage Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)= persistent, high levels of anxiety, hard to control worry over life circumstances DSM – almost daily symptoms for 6-months (develops gradually) May disrupt prefrontal cortex (dysfunctional thinking and beliefs) Agoraphobia = fear of open spaces Obsessive Compulsive Disorder= OCD, consistent anxiety producing thoughts or images, need to engage in activities to counteract anxiety to prevent occurrence of event Obsession compulsion (need to engage in behavior) *rituals* Ex.) hoarding disorder= collecting/inability to discard items regardless of value vs. OCD cleanliness (fear of germs/disease) OCD Related Disorders: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (perceived preoccupied physical defect distress) Hair-pulling Disorder (recurrent hair pulling despite repeated attempts to stop) Skin Picking Disorder (see above, skin lesions) Treatment of OCD: SSRI’s (antidepressants) – only effective in 60% of patients, combined with behavioral interventions Behavioral Treatments – flooding, response prevention o Cognitive-Behavioral therapy is most effective *OCD has a huge genetic component Exaggerated estimates of probability of harm Control Intolerance of uncertainty Thought-Fusion Disconfirmatory Bias
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