Week 7 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Ball State University taught by Fang Gong in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong October 6-13, 2016 Social Control and Deviance. Social deviance- any transgression of socially established norms. Informal deviance- minor transgression of these norms. Formal deviance or crime- involves violation of laws. Social control- mechanisms that create normative compliance in individuals. Normative compliance- the act of abiding by society’s norms or simply following the rules. Social sanctions- rewards and punishments intended to ensure conformity and cultural guidelines. Informal social sanctions- are unspoken rules and expectations about people’s behavior. o Shame. o Smile. o Sarcasm. Formal social sanctions- rules or laws that prohibit criminal behavior. o Fines. 1. Social Construction of Deviance/ Crime. a. Deviance/ crime is socially constructed; it is relative to the time and space. b. Types of crime: i. Street crime- crime committed in public and often associated with violence, gangs, and property. 1. Arson. 2. Burglary. 3. Etc… ii. White-collar crime- offenses committed by a professional against a corporation, agency, or other institution. - Embezzlement. - False advertising. - Tax evasion. - Insider stock trading. - Doctor’s malpractice. - Copyright infringement. 2. Is costlier than street crime. - Estimated cost of $300 billion annually. 3. Easier to get away with. - Why?- private, hard to detect, resources, etc… 2. Theories. a. Robert Merton’s Strain Theory. i. People turn to deviance when they experience strain. 1. Conformist- accept goals and means. 2. Innovators- accept goals but reject means. 3. Retreatist- rejects goals and means. 4. Ritualists- rejects goals but accept means. 5. Rebel- creates new goals and means. Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong October 6-13, 2016 Socially Socially Acceptable Acceptable Means Goals Strain when society does not give all members the ability to achieve a goal. Socially Accept Means able Accept Reject Create New Socailly Accept Conform Innovato ist r Accept Reject Ritualis Retreatis able m m Goals Create Rebelli New on b. Learning Theory. i. A person learns to favor deviant or non-deviant lifestyles as a result of their environment or socialization. c. Labeling Theory (A Symbolic Interactionist Approach). i. People see how they are labeled and accept the label as being “true”. ii. People behave the way they think someone with their label should behave. d. Control Theory. i. The rewards of deviance and crime are many. ii. Nearly everyone could engage in deviance and crime of they could get away with it. iii. It is because of social control that many people choose not to be deviant. e. Conflict Theory. i. Deviance and crime arise out of conflict between the powerful and the powerless. 1. The powerful impose deviant and criminal behaviors. 2. The powerful engage in crime but can get away more easily.
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