This Months Notes
This Months Notes PSY-332-01
Popular in Psychology of Personality
Popular in Psychology
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Nelson on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY-332-01 at Dean College taught by Dr. Reno in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology at Dean College.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
How Does Personality Develop? A. Teleology a. Oriented toward a future goal, purpose B. Spirituality a. Search for meaning across cultures b. Broadest sense religion, faith C. Individualtion a. Moving toward wholeness, harmony b. Integrating all conscious and unconscious facts of personality c. Unfolding one’s inherent and unique personality d. Rarely completed D. Transcendence a. Emerging deeper self or essense that unites person with all humans and universe. E. Self a. Influenced by self archetype b. Center of personality organizes c. Uniting opposites Personality Develops in Stages A. Progression a. Forward movement of psychic energy/libido B. Regression a. Backward movement of psychic energy/libido b. Can be a time of creativity…free neglected areas of life C. Stages a. Childish i. Ego develops age 4 ii. Distinguish between self and others: Iyou b. Puberty to young adult i. Adapt to growing demands of reality ii. Focus on external, education, career, family iii. Conscious dominates c. Middle age i. Shifts from external to internal ii. Attempts to balance the unconscious with conscious; opposites iii. Individuation iv. Pointed toward midlife crisis Thinking Critically A. Assumptions B. Research a. Case Studyclients b. Visited cultures C. Personal Story D. Key Concepts a. Structure of personality mountains, islands conscious, person unconscious b. Personality develops in stages c. Archetypes d. Personal development individuation, teleology, self, transcendence Adler: Individual Psychology Cases 7,8 A. Toshimi (Dancer) 1. What significant childhood event(s) influenced this person? a The moment she was determined to get fit 2. How did this person view self as a child? b Unhappy, weak, clumsy, sick 3. How did his parents view them as a child c Very protective 2 How did others view them as a child? a Clumsy 3 What goal did they set for themselves? a Own a studio, become a professional dancer, influence others B Martin (Laywer) 4. What significant childhood event(s) influenced this person? a Seeing child at the store 5. How did this person view self as a child? b Felt alone, unloved 6. How did his parents view them as a child c Didn’t pay much attention or affection 2 How did others view them as a child? a Intellectual, determined, smart 3 What goal did they set for themselves? a To rise above his past and achieve more success and sophisticated life People Move Away from Inferiority Feelings B. Definition 1. Feeling inferior, weak, dependent, less than C. Begin in Infancy 1. Due to being completely dependent on adult 2. Child becomes aware of this…seek to overcome… at 2… I want… D. This continues into adulthood 1. As we compare self to others E. Inferiority feelings initiate “striving for superiority.” 1. Ongoing struggle… normal F. Compensate: These feelings stimulate striving through superiority and compensations. 1. Motivation to overcome inferiority… move to next level of development 2. Overcoming real or imagined inferiority b More effort… work harder c Develop a new ability 4 Vs Overcompensation. Ex. Don Juan People “Strive for Superiority” Psychodynamic Psychology 3. Study how unconsciousness and early childhood experiences influence behavior Children Need Safety G. Safety from 1. Isolation—abandoned 2. Helplessness 3. Fear 4. Hostility H. Parents are supposed to provide this safety 1. Caring, nurturing, supportive, available, dependable I. Psychological problems develop if this safety need is unmet 1. She looks at disturbances in human relationships…Iyouwe…social J. Neuroses 1. Horney: “psychic disturbance (s) brought about by fears and defenses against these fears, and by attempts to find compromise solutions for conflicting tendencies.” K. A neurotic person has one dominant trend 1. Keep other trends from being expressed 2. “stuck” in one way of relating to others L. Healthy, normal… people use various trends 1. Various ways of dealing with anxiety… 2. Flexible—use more than 1 trend Anxiety Develops When… M. Basic Anxiety develops if the need for safety is unmet 1. Feeling of being alone in an unfriendly and hostile and frightening world 2. Loneliness, helplessness N. Traits of Basic Anxiety 1. Helplessness 2. Aggressive 3. Detachment O. Anxiety is 1. Involves unmet needs—so may become “neurotic needs?”—chart 2. Involves social interaction or lack… relational P. Basic Evil: Ways in which parents undermine a child’s security and safety 1. Indifference 2. Rejection 3. Hostility 4. Preference for another sibling 5. Unfair punishment 6. Humiliation Q. Basic Hostility develop when treated as just described 1. Caught between depending on parents and hostility toward them 2. As a powerless child, suppress hostile feelings toward parents to survive SelfProtective Mechanisms against Anxiety R. People are motivated to protect self… seek security 1. Powerful, primary, intense S. Secure affection 1. “If you love me, you will not hurt me.” 2. Try to do what other wants… Samara 3. Bribe 4. Threaten others T. Being submissive 1. Selfprotection 2. Comply with wishes of other… or everyone in environment U. Seek power 1. Compensates for helpfulness 2. Seek success and superiority V. Withdraw Idealized SelfImage W.Neurotic selfimage 1. Based on inflexible and unrealistic way of thinking of self 2. Grandiose and glorious self image that conceals one’s weaknesses and hated real self X. Healthy, normal person 1. Flexible and realistic view of self—strengths and weaknesses, abilities, skills Y. We all have ideas about our self…selfimage How we see and think about se