Popular in Living the Good Life: The Psychology of Happiness
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maya Silver-Isenstadt on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC298D at University of Maryland - College Park taught by Dylan Selterman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Week Seven Mindset/Optimism ● Positive mindset is motivated. ○ We tend to see the negative but we really want to see the positive ■ Pollyanna Principle ○ Mere Exposure Effect → Being around something makes you like it more Individual Differences ● Attention to positive and negative stimuli. ● Existential threat (Death Anxiety) ● Disgust sensitivity ● Interpret faces as threatening ● Risk Aversion Political ● Conservatives are happier even though they score more negative ● They are more likely than liberals to see more negative things in their environment yet they are happier. ● However, liberals actually show more happiness *smile in photographs ● Conservatives are more traditional (old photographs and paintings didn’t show politicians smiling) ● People who are more conservative are more religious. ○ Religion predicts SWB and happiness usually ○ It is because of large group connectivity and morals ● Liberals are more individualistic and single-minded so they are not as cohesive ● System justification ○ Conservatives are justifying the status quo ○ Liberals are more tolerant of ambiguity ■ This is more psychologically discomforting Foolish optimism? ● Optimistic bias ○ It is healthy = optimism ○ Mild depression show more realism ○ Severe depression show pessimism ● It can be bad because you can be unaware of the incompetence; they lack self-insight. ○ “People think they are better than they actually are” ● You can choose when and when not to choose to use optimism ○ Make sure you have a plan B when being optimistic *Penguin and parachute example* ○ Don’t let optimism negate unhappiness ■ Sometimes it is healthy to let yourself feel sad ● Culture ○ North America → oversimplify and overgeneralize ○ Asia → Normative unhappiness ● Draw on 3rd Party Perspectives ○ Others see you more objectively ○ People assume that we are without bounds and we are like superman. We admit physical limitations faster than cognitive limitations. ● People can decide to build optimism
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