Week 8 Notes (Both classes!)
Week 8 Notes (Both classes!) HIST 3121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cydney Tinsley on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3121 at University of Colorado Denver taught by Michael Kozakowski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World at War 1914-1945 in History at University of Colorado Denver.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
Cydney Tinsley World at War Fascism Fascism Key Questions 1. What is fascism for Mussolini? 2. How did Mussolini come to power? 1. Mussolini’s Fascism was scattered, hard to understand, and contradictory. He believed in actions over words. He also published a pro-war newspaper. 2. Italy didn’t go to war after WWI because they were promised the lands of South Tyrol, Trentino, and Dalmatia. 3. Battle of Coporetto: a. Made Itallians see their government as incompetent. b. Saw it as a waste of human life. 4. Gabriele d’ Anuzio: a. Aimed to seize City Hall from the Croations and turn it Itallian. 5. Bienno Rosso (Two Red Years) a. Spiraling inflation. b. High unemployment. c. High strikes. d. Lots of talk of reform, but with no action. 6. Bienno Nero (Two Black Years) a. Black Army/Group: Associated with Fascists. b. Mussolini was their leader. c. Fasci di Combattimento i. Fightes/very violent ii. Fascists iii. Founded in March 1919. iv. Founded in Milan. v. Sees themselves in conflict w/ Reds and Catholics. vi. Republicans. vii. Against those who benefited from the war, while the country suffered. 7. March on Rome (1922) a. 25,000 men gather to rally. b. Led by Mussolini. c. King makes Mussolini the Prime Minister, who uses his position to gain large amounts of power. 8. Giacomo Matteoti: a. Political opponent to Mussolini. b. Found murdered. 9. Autarky: a. Where a country is completely dependent upon itself. 10.Reasons Hitler Came to Power: a. Street fighting (SA, SS, and Gestapo) b. Germany was in a state of ‘Cult of the Leader’; people were looking for a strong leader to unite the country. c. Hyperinflation. d. High unemployment. Cydney Tinsley World at War Fascism e. Great Depression. f. German loss of land. g. Demilitarization. h. Too many parties and not enough democrats. i. Was a war hero. j. Was a persuasive speaker. k. Was charismatic.