New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Textile Principles TS122 , week 3 notes

by: Alina Notetaker

Textile Principles TS122 , week 3 notes TS122 Textile Principle

Alina Notetaker
Fashion Institute of Technology
GPA 3.8

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Natural and manufactured fibers with examples and their strengths and weaknesses, and uses.
Textile principles
Pr. Crutchfield
Class Notes
Textiles, textile, textileprinciples
25 ?




Popular in Textile principles


This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alina Notetaker on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TS122 Textile Principle at Fashion Institute of Technology taught by Pr. Crutchfield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Textile principles in FASHION AND TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY at Fashion Institute of Technology.

Similar to TS122 Textile Principle at Fashion Institute of Technology



Reviews for Textile Principles TS122 , week 3 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/13/16
Textile principles TS122 Class notes week 3 Natural and manufactured fibers Natural fibers Used for years; incl. cotton, silk, wool, flax. • Cotton - Most important fiber - Cellulose fiber - Largest produced of all natural fibers - Leading producers of cotton: China, India, US, Pakistan. - Cotton became major fiber art in the US after the Industrial Revolution. There are 2 types of cotton: - suprema cotton ( which is the best) - upland cotton “Patagonia”- company that grows organic cotton. Like every fiber, cotton has it’s advantages and disadvantages. Advantages are: cotton is strong & durable, soft, absorbs moisture, breathes well, washes easily. Disadvantages are: cotton is low in luster,poor elasticity and resiliency, vulnerable to mildew, compromised when exposed to acids. • Flax - Made from the stem or stalks of flax plant - It is the oldest textile fiber - Largest flax producers: Canada, France, Germany, Belgium. - Raised for both its fiber and seed - Cellulose fiber - Used mostly for dresses, suits, jackets, tablecloths, napkins, and sheets. Advantages are: flax is strong, absorbent, dries quickly, no static/pilling Disadvantages are: less durable than cotton, poor drape, poor elasticity and resiliency, vulnerable to mildew and silverfish. • Silk - China is the leading silk producer in the world. - Composed mainly of protein, an animal fiber. - End uses include dresses, ties, scarves, blouses and other apparel . • Wool - A fiber that forms the covering of sheep - Leading producers of wool: Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the UK, and China - Composed mainly of protein - One of the oldest fibers - Uses: overcoats, suits, sweaters, carpets, upholstery, felt fabric Other natural fibers are specialty hair fibers and bast fibers • - Specialty hair fibers: angora, alpaca, camel hair, cashmere, llama, mohair. - Bast fibers: bamboo, hemp, jute, ramie. Manufactured fibers - Era of manufactured fibers in U.S.began in early 1900s - Began with commercial production of rayon fiber Few of the most known manufactured fibers are acetate, acrylic, lyocell, nylon, polyester, rayon, spandex. • Acetate - First thermoplastic fiber - First commercial use of acetate was 1924 - Medium-weight with luxurious hand, high resiliency - Poor strength - Used for lining fabric, lingerie, graduation gowns, ribbons, and cigarette-filter material, personal hygiene products • Acrylic - First commercial production was in 1950 - Lightweight fiber with good drape - Only fair strength, fair abrasion resistance - Used for sweaters, blankets, carpeting, and outdoor products • Lyocell - First produced in 1992 - Stronger than all other cellulosic fibers, less shrinkage - Has a lot of wear and tear - Used for dress slacks, blouses, pajamas, shirts and dresses • Nylon - Used for apparel, interior furnishings, and industrial areas - Lightweight fiber with excellent strength and abrasion resistance - Static and pilling are problems for nylon • Polyester - Uses: several products in the apparel, interior textiles, and industrial areas - First commercial production was in 1953 - Medium-weight fiber with good strength and abrasion resistance • Rayon - Uses: shirts, lingerie, drapes, medical products, and hygiene products - Loses half of its strength when wet - First commercial use was in 1910 - Inexpensive - Does not retain heat • Spandex - Denim, ski pants, swimwear, and athletic apparel - First commercial use was in 1959 - An elastomeric manufactured fiber - Highly stretchy


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.